Bidar Kadın

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Bidar Kadın
Bidar II. Kadınefendi Hazretleri.JPG
Born5 May 1855
Kobuleti, Georgia
Died13 January 1918(1918-01-13) (aged 62)
Erenköy Mansion, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial
Yahya Efendi Cemetery, Istanbul
SpouseAbdul Hamid II
IssueNaime Sultan
Şehzade Mehmed Abdülkadir
Ottoman Turkishبیدار قادین
HouseTalhosten (by birth)
Ottoman (by marriage)
FatherTalhosten Ibrahim
MotherŞahika İffet Lortkipanidze
ReligionSunni Islam

Bidar Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: بیدار قادین‎; 5 May 1855 – 13 January 1918) was the fourth wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Early life[edit]

Bidar Kadın was born on 5 May 1855 in Kobuleti, Georgia. She was a member of the Kabardian princely family, House of Talhosten (Kabardian: Талъостэн). Her father was Talhosten Prince Ibrahim Bey and, her mother was Princess Şahika İffet Hanım Lortkipanidze, a Georgian. She had two younger brothers named Hussein Pasha, and Mehmed Ziya Pasha (1860 – 1919), who were in service to Abdul Hamid.[2]

Marriage[edit]

Bidar married Abdul Hamid on 2 September 1875 in the Dolmabahçe Palace.[3] After Abdul Hamid's accession to the throne on 31 August 1876,[4] she was given the title of the "Dördüncü Kadın".[5][1]

Four days later, on 4 September 1876, she gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Naime Sultan.[6] The imperial family settled in Yıldız Palace,[7] where on 16 January 1878, she gave birth to her second child, a son, Şehzade Mehmed Abdülkadir.[8] In 1879, she was elevated to "Üçüncü Kadın".[5]

On 31 September 1889, she met with the German Empress Augusta Victoria in the harem of the Yıldız Palace, when the latter visited Istanbul with her husband Emperor Wilhelm II.[9]

In 1895,[5] she was elevated to "Ikinci Kadın".[1] In October 1898,[10] she again met Empress Augusta Victoria in the grand salon of the Imperial Lodge of the Yıldız Palace, when the latter visited Istanbul for a second time with her husband.[11]

On 27 April 1909, Abdul Hamid was deposed, and sent into exile in Salonica.[12] Her brother Mehmed Ziya Pasha followed him. She, however, remained in Istanbul, and settled in a mansion in Erenköy.[13] After Salonica fell to Greece in 1912, Abdul Hamid returned to Istanbul, and settled in the Beylerbeyi Palace.[14]

Death[edit]

Bidar Kadın died on 13 January 1918 in her mansion in Erenköy, a month before Abdul Hamid's own death. She was buried in the mausoleum of Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin, Yahya Efendi Cemetery, Istanbul.[1][15][16]

Issue[edit]

Bidar Kadın and Abdul Hamid had two children:

  • Fatma Naime Sultan (Constantinople, Yıldız Palace, 4 September 1875 – Tirana, 1945, and was buried there), married two times and had issue.
  • Şehzade Mehmed Abdülkadir (Constantinople, Beşiktaş, Dolmabahçe Palace, 16 January 1878 – Sofia, January or 16 March 1944 and buried there), married six times and had issue.

In popular culture[edit]

In the 2017 TV series Payitaht: Abdülhamid, Bidar Kadın is portrayed by Turkish actress Özlem Conker.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Uluçay 2011, p. 247.
  2. ^ Açba 2007, p. 128, 129, 132.
  3. ^ Açba 2007, p. 128.
  4. ^ Clare, Israel Smith (1885). Illustrated Universal History: Being a Clear and Concise History of All Nations. P. W. Ziegler & Company. p. 549.
  5. ^ a b c Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 674.
  6. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 285.
  7. ^ Oriental Gardens: An Illustrated History. Chronicle Books. 1992. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-811-80132-4.
  8. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 277.
  9. ^ Açba 2004, p. 27.
  10. ^ Hidden, Alexander W. (1912). The Ottoman Dynasty: A History of the Sultans of Turkey from the Earliest Authentic Record to the Present Time, with Notes on the Manners and Customs of the People. N. W. Hidden. p. 417.
  11. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 165, n. 9.
  12. ^ Hall, Richard C. (October 9, 2014). War in the Balkans: An Encyclopedic History from the Fall of the Ottoman Empire to the Breakup of Yugoslavia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-1-610-69031-7.
  13. ^ Açba 2007, p. 128-9.
  14. ^ Parry, Milman; Lord, Albert B. (1979). Serbocroation heroic songs, Volume 1. Harvard University Press. p. 371.
  15. ^ Açba 2004, p. 53.
  16. ^ Açba 2007, p. 129.
  17. ^ Payitaht: Abdülhamid (TV Series 2017– ), retrieved 2018-09-30

Sources[edit]

  • Uluçay, M. Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Açba, Leyla (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  • Açba, Harun (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kandınefendiler, Sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.

Further reading[edit]