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Bidenichthys beeblebroxi

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Bidenichthys beeblebroxi
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Ophidiiformes
Family: Bythitidae
Genus: Bidenichthys
B. beeblebroxi
Binomial name
Bidenichthys beeblebroxi
Paulin, 1995

Bidenichthys beeblebroxi is a species of common reef fish[1] of the family Bythitidae.[2] The species is found in the coastal waters off North Island and northern South Island, New Zealand.[3] It is a common, uniformly gray-brown fish,[3] ranging from SL 6.5–9.5 centimetres (2+123+34 in) long in one study,[4] found in holes beneath rocks and boulders[3] in kelp forest and other reef habitats[5] from the surface down to depths of 30 metres (98 ft).[3] The species was described by Chris D. Paulin in 1995.[2][6] IUCN[7] and the Catalog of Fishes[8] consider it a synonym of Bidenichthys consobrinus.

The species was named after the character Zaphod Beeblebrox in Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.[9]

The common names gray or grey brotula[10] and orange cuskeel[11] were used to describe Bidenichthys consobrinus (F. W. Hutton, 1876) prior to Paulin's 1995 redescription of B. consobrinus and description of B. beeblebroxi, in which Paulin referred to "the common grey brotula, here described as a new species [B. beeblebroxi], and Hutton's 'consobrinus'...".[6]


  1. ^ Roberts, CD; Stewart, AL (2006). Diversity and biogeography of coastal fishes of the East Cape Region of New Zealand (PDF). Science for Conservation. Wellington, NZ: Science & Technical Publishing. p. 20. ISBN 0-478-14049-5. ISSN 1173-2946. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2024). "Bidenichthys beeblebroxi" in FishBase. February 2024 version.
  3. ^ a b c d Nielsen, J.G.; Daniel M. Cohen; Douglas F. Markle & C. Richard Robins (1999). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 18. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. Vol. 125/18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 118. ISBN 92-5-104375-2.
  4. ^ Nielsen, JG; Schwarzhans, W; Møller, PR (2004). "Reassignment of Melodicthys paxtoni to the genus Fiordicthys (Teleostei, Bythitidae)" (PDF). Cybium. 28 (1): 37–41. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-08-18.
  5. ^ Willis, TJ; Anderson, MJ (2003). "Structure of cryptic reef fish assemblages: relationships with habitat characteristics and predator density" (PDF). Marine Ecology Progress Series. 257: 209–221. Bibcode:2003MEPS..257..209W. doi:10.3354/meps257209. ISSN 0171-8630. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-12-24.
  6. ^ a b Paulin, C.D. (1995). "Description of a new genus and two new species of bythitid fishes, and a redescription of Bidenichthys consobrinus (Hutton) from New Zealand". Journal of Natural History. 29 (1): 249–258. Bibcode:1995JNatH..29..249P. doi:10.1080/00222939500770121.
  7. ^ Williams, A. (2020). "Bidenichthys consobrinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T135439731A137454411. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T135439731A137454411.en. Retrieved 19 May 2024.
  8. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Bidenichthys beeblebroxi". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 19 May 2024.
  9. ^ Muckenfuss, Mark (12 May 2013). "UCR: New wasp carries university's name". The Press-Enterprise. Freedom Communications. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  10. ^ "Common Names for Brelich's Snub-nosed Monkey (Pygathrix brelichi)". Encyclopedia of Life. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  11. ^ Ayling, Tony; Cox, Geoffrey J. (1982). Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand. Collins. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-00-216987-5. Archived from the original on 2017-12-11.