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Salt Lake City
From top, left to right: Street 27, Karunamoyee, Salt Lake Stadium, Nicco Park
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|Founded by||Bidhan Chandra Roy|
|Named for||Bidhan Chandra Roy|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
700064, 700091, 700097, 700098, 700105, 700106, 700059, 700091, 700101, 700135, 700102, 700157, 700159
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barasat|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bidhannagar|
Bidhannagar is a city and a municipal corporation of the North 24 Parganas in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is in Greater Kolkata region and also a part of the area covered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It consists of sub areas like Rajarhat and Salt lake, which were planned and developed between 1958 and 1965 to accommodate the burgeoning population of Kolkata.
At the 2011 census, Bidhannagar Municipality had a population of 218,323 (males 111,363; females 106,960) in an area of approximately 13.16 square km with a density of about 16,590 persons per square kilometre. However, the area of Bidhannagar Municipality was 33.50 square km (much bigger than Salt Lake City) because it includes East Kolkata Wetlands area, where very few floating people live. Bidhannagar Municipality has an average literacy rate of 90.44% (higher than the national average of 74%), with male literacy of 93.08% and female literacy of 87.69%.
The city has the second-highest proportion of graduates in the country (30.6 per cent), only after Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, also known as Mohali, which has 34.4 per cent of its population as graduates.
Ultimately in 1995, Bidhannagar got its own elected body called Bidhannagar Municipality consisting of 23 wards (later increased to 25 wards). All the plots of land in Bidhanannagar are leasehold plots and the Urban Development Department (the Lessor) directly manages the land matters. East Kolkata Wetlands area is also included in Bidhannagar Municipality. The proposal for the merger of Bidhannagar Municipality with the Kolkata Municipal Corporation has been periodically mooted since 2011, but never realised due to different custodian of land and property tax-structures. Kolkata Airport, Rajarhat-Gopalpur (Kaikhali, Teghoria, Baguiati, Hatiara, Kestopur), parts of South Dum Dum (Dum Dum Park, Bangur Avenue, Lake Town) and Bidhannagar Municipality are already brought together under the jurisdiction of the Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate. On 18 June 2015, Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation (BMC) was constituted by merging the existing municipal areas of Bidhannagar Municipality, Rajarhat-Gopalpur Municipality and the panchayat area of Mahishbathan II Gram Panchayat. Now Bidhannagar Municipality has 14 wards (ward no. 28 to 41) under Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation.
Nabadiganta Industrial Township Authority (NDITA) was created in January 2006. It supplies water; maintains sewerage, roads, street signals; furnishes important buildings and collects property tax and fees in Sector - V (excluded from the jurisdiction of Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation).
The Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate is responsible for law enforcement in the city.
The modes of transportation like other parts of Kolkata includes air conditioned/non-ac government/private buses, taxi and other popular options like auto rickshaw and e-rickshaws. The Howrah Maidan - Salt Lake Sector V - Teghoria (Haldiram) Line (Line 2) of the Kolkata Metro is in operation since 14 February 2020 between Salt Lake Sector V and Salt Lake Stadium. The New Garia – Dum Dum Airport Line (Line 6) of the Kolkata Metro, which passes through the Salt Lake Bypass, is under-construction with cost inflation and delays
- All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (Second campus)
- Bidhannagar College
- Bose Institute
- Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology
- Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata
- Institute of Engineering and Management
- International School of Business and Media
- Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology
- National Institute of Fashion Technology
- National Institute of Homoeopathy
- National Council of Science Museums
- Rabindra Bharati University
- Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
- S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences
- Techno India University
- Jadavpur University's Second Campus
- University of Calcutta's Technology Campus
- Unitedworld School of Business
- Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
- West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
Schools in Bidhannagar include the Hariyana Vidya Mandir, Bidhannagar Government High School, Bidhannagar Municipal School, a combined primary and high school and a branch of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, named Bhavan's Gangabux Kanoria Vidyamandir, Salt Lake School, Mother International School, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Education, Laban Hrad Vidyapith. Also, there are two Kendriya Vidyalaya in Salt Lake viz. K.V. No. 1 Salt Lake and K.V. No. 2 Salt Lake.
- "Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation". Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Chatterjee, Anjan (5 April 2016). "An overview — the drainage aspect of Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation area, Bidhannagar, Kolkata". Medium.
- "North 24 Parganas Overview" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- "6. State of Literacy" (PDF). Census of India 2011. p. 98. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India. 2011. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Reporter, B. S. (10 December 2015). "Chennai tops literacy ranking among populous cities". Business Standard India. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Salt Lake City, India". www.fallingrain.com.
- "Writing on the civic body wall". The Telegraph. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
- Chakraborti, Suman (4 June 2014). "Will Bidhannagar be merged with KMC?". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
- "Govt nod to new police posts, civic bodies' merger". Indian Express. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
- "BMC". Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- "NDITA Overview".
- "Rail set to take over East-West". The Telegraph. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "Hidco clears route for Garia-airport Metro". The Times of India. 25 September 2011. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.