Bidhannagar

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Bidhannagar
City
Bidhannagar is located in West Bengal
Bidhannagar
Bidhannagar
Location in West Bengal, India
Bidhannagar is located in India
Bidhannagar
Bidhannagar
Bidhannagar (India)
Coordinates: 22°35′N 88°25′E / 22.58°N 88.42°E / 22.58; 88.42Coordinates: 22°35′N 88°25′E / 22.58°N 88.42°E / 22.58; 88.42
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Founded byBidhan Chandra Roy
Named forBidhan Chandra Roy
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBidhannagar Municipal Corporation
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total218,323
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700064, 700091, 700097, 700098, 700105, 700106, 700059, 700101, 700102
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyBarasat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBidhannagar
Websitebmcwbgov.in, ndita.org/egovernance/

Bidhannagar is a city and a municipal corporation of the North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is adjacent to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It was developed between 1958 and 1965 as a planned satellite city (Salt Lake City) to accommodate the burgeoning population of Kolkata.[1]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, Bidhannagar City had a population of 218,323 (males 111,363; females 106,960) in an area of approximately 13.16 square km with a density of about 16,590 persons per square kilometre.[2] However, the area of Bidhannagar Municipality was 33.50 square km (much bigger than Bidhannagar City) because it includes East Kolkata Wetlands area, where very few floating people live.[3][2] Bidhannagar has an average literacy rate of 90.44% (higher than the national average of 74%),[4] with male literacy of 93.08% and female literacy of 87.69%.[5]

The city has the second-highest proportion of graduates in the country (30.6 per cent), only after Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, also known as Mohali, which has 34.4 per cent of its population as graduates.[6]Chennai tops literacy ranking among populous cities

Geography[edit]

An example of the many wetlands and lakes that still surround Bidhannagar
Bidhannagar Municipal Sports Academy - Swimming Pool Building

Bidhannagar is located at 22°35′N 88°25′E / 22.58°N 88.42°E / 22.58; 88.42.[7] It has an average elevation of 11 metres (49 ft).

Administration[edit]

History of civic administration[edit]

Bidhannagar was originally developed and built under the direct administration of the Irrigation and Waterways Department of the Government of West Bengal. Initially, this planned city was under the South Dum Dum Municipality, then it came under the wings of the Public Works (Metropolitan Development) Department, which was renamed as the Urban Development Department in 1991. The whole area was divided into 5 sectors - Sector - I, Sector - II, Sector - III and Sector - IV as Residential Townships and Sector - V as Industrial Area.[2] An administrator was also appointed to control all the municipal activities there.

Present[edit]

Ultimately in 1995, Bidhannagar got its own elected body called Bidhannagar Municipality consisting of 23 wards (later increased to 25 wards).[8] All the plots of land in Bidhanannagar are leasehold plots and the Urban Development Department (the Lessor) directly manages the land matters. East Kolkata Wetlands area is also included in Bidhannagar Municipality. The proposal for the merger of Bidhannagar Municipality with the Kolkata Municipal Corporation has been periodically mooted since 2011, but never realised due to different custodian of land and property tax-structures.[9] Kolkata Airport, Rajarhat-Gopalpur (Kaikhali, Teghoria, Baguiati, Hatiara, Kestopur), parts of South Dum Dum (Dum Dum Park, Bangur Avenue, Lake Town) and Bidhannagar are already brought together under the jurisdiction of the Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate. On 18 June 2015, Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation (BMC) was constituted by merging the existing municipal areas of Bidhannagar Municipality, Rajarhat-Gopalpur Municipality and the panchayat area of Mahishbathan II Gram Panchayat.[10] Now Bidhannagar has 14 wards (ward no. 28 to 41) under Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation.[11]

Nabadiganta Industrial Township Authority (NDITA) was created in January 2006. It supplies water; maintains sewerage, roads, street signals; furnishes important buildings and collects property tax and fees in Sector - V (excluded from the jurisdiction of Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation).[12]

Police[edit]

The Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate is responsible for law enforcement in the city.

Transport[edit]

Box Bridge connects Bidhannagar/Salt Lake with New Town along Major Arterial Road over Kestopur Canal

The modes of transportation like other parts of Kolkata includes air conditioned/non-ac government/private buses, taxi and other popular options like auto rickshaw and e-rickshaws. The Howrah Maidan - Salt Lake Sector V - Teghoria (Haldiram) Line (Line 2) of the Kolkata Metro is in operation since 14 February 2020 between Salt Lake Sector V and Salt Lake Stadium. The New GariaDum Dum Airport Line (Line 6) of the Kolkata Metro, which passes through the Salt Lake Bypass, is under-construction with cost inflation and delays[13][14]

Colleges[edit]

Economy[edit]

Infinity Business Centre, Salt Lake Sector V, Kolkata

Salt Lake City and Rajarhat Newtown are emerging as one of the largest IT destinations in India.[citation needed] IT companies like TCS, Cognizant, Wipro, CDAC Kolkata etc. have their campuses here.[citation needed]

Schools[edit]

Schools in Bidhannagar include the Hariyana Vidya Mandir, Bidhannagar Government High School, Bidhannagar Municipal School, a combined primary and high school and a branch of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, named Bhavan's Gangabux Kanoria Vidyamandir, Salt Lake School, Mother International School, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Education, Laban Hrad Vidyapith. Also, there are two Kendriya Vidyalaya in Salt Lake viz. K.V. No. 1 Salt Lake and K.V. No. 2 Salt Lake.

Catholic schools include St. Joan's School, Our Lady Queen of the Missions School and St. Francis Xavier School.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation". Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Chatterjee, Anjan (5 April 2016). "An overview — the drainage aspect of Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation area, Bidhannagar, Kolkata". Medium.
  3. ^ "North 24 Parganas Overview" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  4. ^ "6. State of Literacy" (PDF). Census of India 2011. p. 98. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  5. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India. 2011. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  6. ^ Reporter, B. S. (10 December 2015). "Chennai tops literacy ranking among populous cities". Business Standard India. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Salt Lake City, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  8. ^ "Writing on the civic body wall". The Telegraph. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  9. ^ Chakraborti, Suman (4 June 2014). "Will Bidhannagar be merged with KMC?". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Govt nod to new police posts, civic bodies' merger". Indian Express. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  11. ^ "BMC". Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  12. ^ "NDITA Overview".
  13. ^ "Rail set to take over East-West". The Telegraph. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  14. ^ "Hidco clears route for Garia-airport Metro". The Times of India. 25 September 2011. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.

External links[edit]