|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Total||33.10 km2 (12.78 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 Census)|
|• Density||6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|North 24 Parganas district||Barasat||4,094.00||10,009,781||57.27||42.73|
Given below is an overview of the religion-wise break-up of the population across the subdivisions of North 24 Parganas district, as per 2011 census:
|Hindu %||Muslim %||Christian %||Others %|
|North 24 Parganas district||10,009,781||73.45||25.82||0.24||0.48|
North 24 Parganas district with 24.22% Muslims (in 2001) has been identified as a minority concentrated district by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. A baseline survey on religious minority population has been carried out under the aegis of Indian Council of Social Science Research and funded by the Ministry of Minority Affairs. For information on the survey see North 24 Parganas: minority concentrated district.
North 24 Parganas district is densely populated, mainly because of the influx of refugees from East Pakistan (later Bangladesh). With a density of population of 2,182 per km2 in 1971, it was 3rd in terms of density per km2 in West Bengal after Kolkata and Howrah, and 20th in India. According to the District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas, “High density is also explained partly by the rapid growth of urbanization in the district. In 1991, the percentage of urban population in the district has been 51.23.”
As per the Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Department of the Government of West Bengal, the census figures show the number of refugees from East Pakistan in 1971 was nearly 6 million (60 lakhs) and in 1981, the number was assessed at 8 million (80 lakhs). A district-wise break-up in 1971, shows the main thrust of the refugee infux was on 24-Parganas (22.3% of the total refugees), Nadia (20.3%), Bankura (19.1%) and Kolkata (12.9%).
The North 24 Paraganas district has a 352 km long international border with Bangladesh, out of which 160 km is land border and 192 km is riverine border. Only a small portion of the border has been fenced and it is popularly referred to as a porous border. There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators. The CD Block pages carry Decadal Population Growth information.
An estimate made in 2000 places the total number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India at 1.5 crore, with around 3 lakh entering every year. The thumb rule for such illegal immigrants is that for each illegal person caught four get through. While many immigrants have settled in the border areas, some have moved on, even to far way places such as Mumbai and Delhi. The border is guarded by the Border Security Force. During the UPA government, Sriprakash Jaiswal, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, had made a statement in Parliament on 14 July 2004, that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators living in India, and West Bengal topped the list with 5.7 million Bangladeshis. More recently, Kiren Rijiju, Minister of State for Home Affairs in the NDA government has put the figure at around 20 million.
|Police station||Area covered
|Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport||n/a||n/a|
Municipal towns/ cities
An overview of the only municipal city in Bidhanagar subdivision is given below. The data provided here is that of a period prior to the formation of Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation, and, as such, would require updating as and when such information is available.
|Municipal town/city||Area (km2)||Population
|Hindus %||Muslims %||Slum
North 24 Parganas district had a literacy rate of 84.06% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Bangaon subdivision had a literacy rate of 80.57%, Barasat Sadar subdivision 84.90%, Barrackpur subdivision 89.09%, Bidhannagar subdivision 89.16% and Basirhat subdivision 75.67%.
Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in North 24 Parganas district for the year 2012-13:
|North 24 Parganas district||3,677||453,538||74||18,651||442||346,721||594||697,816||49||112,428||59||18,062||10,765||439,560|
Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.
The following institutions are located in Bidhannagar subdivision:
- West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences was established in 1999.
- Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology was established as Calcutta Research Tannery in 1919 and in 1955 started offering B.Sc. (Tech.) course in Leather Technology. Subsequently, it added other engineering courses.
- Bidhannagar College was established in 1984.
- Techno India, a private engineering college, was established in 2001.
The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2013 in North 24 Parganas district.
|Subdivision||Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB||Other
|North 24 Parganas district||13||7||15||50||6||27||3||233||354||3,385||154||306,230||4,073,604|
.* Excluding nursing homes.
** Subdivision-wise break up for certain items not available.
Medical facilities available in Bidhannagar subdivision are as follows:
Private Medical Facilities (Name, location, details)
Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, 58, Canal Circular Road, on EM Byepass, multi speciality hospital with 510 beds.
AMRI Hospitals, JC 16&17 Salt Lake City, multi speciality hospital with 210 beds.
Columbia Asia Hospitals, IB 193, Sector 3, near Sech Bhawan, Salt Lake City, multi speciality hospital with 100 beds.
ILS Hospital, DD 6, Salt Lake City, multi speciality hospital.
Anandalok Hospital, CL 88, Salt Lake City, multi speciality hospital
Susrut Eye Foundation and Research Centre, HB 36/A/1, Sector III, Salt Lake City 
The Calcutta Heart Clinic & Hospital Society, 1st Cross Road, HC Block, Sector III, Salt Lake City, multi speciality hospital
|Lok Sabha constituency||Reservation||Vidhan Sabha constituency||Reservation||CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas|
|Barasat||None||Bidhannagar||None||Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation and Ward Nos. 19, 20 and 28 to 35 of South Dum Dum municipality|
|Other assembly segments outside Bidhannagar subdivision|
- "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of North Twenty Four Parganas with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- "Population by Religious Community". West Bengal - North 24 Parganas. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
- "Minority Concentration District Project: North 24 Parganas, West Bengal" (PDF). Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
- "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro P 6. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Page 259, Table 11.2.2. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation". Government. Egiye Bangla. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Dasgupta, Abhijit. "The Puzzling Numbers: The Politics of Counting Refugees in West Bengal" (PDF). Table 1.2, Page 66. South Asian Refgees Watch, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2000. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "North 24 Parganas Police". District at a Glance. WB Police. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Why BSF wants 81.7 km of Indo-Bangla border fenced urgently". Rediff.com. 21 August 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Mishra, Abhinandan. "Laskar helped fan Basirhat tension". Sunday Guardian, 8 July 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Infiltrating porous Bangladesh-India border". Aljazeera. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Bangladeshi Infiltrators – the Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Jamwal, N.S. (January–March 2004). "Border Management: Dilemma of Guarding the India-Bangladesh border" (PDF). Strategic Analysis. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
- "Two crore illegal Bangladeshi living in India: Govt". Business Standard / Press Trust of India. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
- "Notification No. 401/MA/O/C4/1A-12/2012 dated 18 Jun 2015" (PDF). Department of Municipal Affairs, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). (1)Table 3.3.2: Population densist and other features of municipalities in North 24 Parganas, Pages 42-43 (2) Table 3.3.8: Slum population, slum children and literacy rates in slum, Page 51 (3) Table 3.3.10: Distriution of BPL households in uraban North 24 Parganas and (4) Table 3.3.7 Literacy rates in urban North 24 Parganas, Page 49. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
- "West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences". NUJS. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology". GCELT. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Bidhannagar College". BC. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Bidhannagar College". collegeadmission.in. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Techni India Salt Lake". TIC. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
- "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "Apollo Gleneagles Hospital". practo. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "AMRI Hospitals". Sehat. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "AMRI Hopitaals". practo. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Columbia Asia Hospitals". practo. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "ILS Hospital". practo. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Susrut". Susrut. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "The Calcutta Heart Clinic and Hospital Society". CHC&HS. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "The Calcutta Heart Clinic and Hospital Society". CHC&HS. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 May 2018.