Bidhwan

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Bidhwan
बिधवाण or बिधवान
Village
Bidhwan is located in Haryana
Bidhwan
Bidhwan
Bidhwan is located in India
Bidhwan
Bidhwan
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 28°45′32″N 75°36′22″E / 28.759°N 75.606°E / 28.759; 75.606Coordinates: 28°45′32″N 75°36′22″E / 28.759°N 75.606°E / 28.759; 75.606
Country  India
State Haryana
District Bhiwani
Tehsil Siwani
Elevation 210 m (690 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,868
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 127046[1]
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR
Website haryana.gov.in

Bidhwan (Hindi: बिधवाण or बिधवान ) is a village and administrative unit with a democratically elected panchayat samiti (local council) in the Loharu (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Siwani Tehsil of Bhiwani District under Bhiwani-Mahendragarh Lok Sabha constituency and Hisar Division of Haryana state.[2]

It is situated 53 kilometres (33 mi) from Hisar on the Hisar-Rajgarh road and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from the district headquarters Bhiwani.

History[edit]

Bidhwan Jaglan Zail and Jaglan Lambardari[edit]

Bidhwan is the seat of former Jaglan Zail headed by the Zaildar from the influential Jaglan clan, who during the British Raj, ruled over four revenue villages of Princely state of Loharu State, namely Bidhwan, Kalali (कलाली), Mandholi Khurd (मंढोली खुर्द) and Mandholi Kalan (मंढोलीकलां). Currently these villages lie in the Bhiwani district. Descendants of the Jaglan lan clan still live in the village and they currently holds the position of Lambardar of these villages.

Nearby archaeological sites[edit]

Nearby Indus Valley Civilization archaeological sites are Banawali, Lohari Ragho, Masudpur, Rakhigarhi, Siswal all with Hissar district as well as Burj and Bhirrana and Kunal and Balu in Fatehabad[3] and Mitathal and Naurangabad in Bhiwani district. Other archaeological site are Agroha Mound where the original pillar of Ashoka was taken to Firoz Shah Palace Complex in Hisar.[4][5]

Administration[edit]

Currently, Bidhwan is under Bhiwani Zilla Panchayat and has its own unreserved Gram Panchayat under Gram Panchayat Smiti code 244115[2] and 2011 census village code 061301 and village name Bidhwan (113).[6] As of August 2013, Balbir Singh is the Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat Smiti.[7] There is a Patwari (government land record officer), an ADO (Agriculture Development Officer),a Rural Health Officer (RHO), and an Anganbadi Worker based at Bidhwan.[8]

Government schemes[edit]

Bidhwan is covered by the rural housing development plan called Priyadarshini Awas Yojna,[9][10] rural electrification plan called Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojna,[11] rural employment plan called National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)[12] and rural employment plan called Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MANEGRA).[13]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Bidhwan as of 2011.

  Hindus (100%)
  Other (0%)
Demography of Bidhwan, 2011 Census
Category Population
Number of households
750
Total population
4,500
Scheduled Caste
229
Literate population
2,016

As per a 2010 official report,[14] Bidhwan has 750 households with a total population of 4500, with 229 Scheduled Caste inhabitants, with 2016 literate residents and 1890 cell-phone connections. The residents are Hindu.

Jat gotras[edit]

The following Jat gotras are found in the village

  • Jaglan
  • Beniwal
  • Sura
  • Saharan
  • Poonia
  • Baloda
  • Bisla
  • Chahar
  • Ghanghas
  • Jariya
  • Khichchar
  • Kulriya
  • Nehra
  • Repswal
  • Sheoran

Other gotras[edit]

Education[edit]

There are many more schools institutes and 3 universities at Hisar (60 km) and Bhiwani (53 km).

Transportation[edit]

Bidhwan is well connected by the paved bitumen road. It lies from 7 km Jhumpa Khurd, 16 km Bahal, 19 km Siwani, 27  Rajgarh (Rajasthan), 31  Kairu, 53 km Hissar, 55 km Hansi, 47 km Pilani, and 58 km from Bhiwani, 165 km Delhi and 284 km from state capital Chandigarh.[16]

Train connectivity[edit]

Nearest train stations are 7 km Jhumpa Khurd, 16 km Bahal, 19 km Siwani, 27  Rajgarh. Nearest major junctions are 53 km (33 mi) at Hisar, India city and 55 km at Bhiwani city.

Airport connectivity[edit]

Hisar Airport, the nearest functional airport and flying training club is 55 km (34 mi) away. Currently no commercial flights from this airport. Nearest domestic and international airport is 165 km (103 mi) at Delhi.

Geography[edit]

Bidhwan is at the altitude of 210 m or 689 feet.[17] Bidhwan is mainly desert with scattered low sand dunes.[18] Bidhwan has water ponds for the cattle. The fields are irrigated by the canal.

Climate and ecology[edit]

Climate[edit]

Main ecological issues are desertification, deforestation, encroachment and land grabbing of common Panchayat forest and grazing land called "bani".[18]


Climate data for Hisar (1951–1980)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
24.7
(76.5)
30.5
(86.9)
36.8
(98.2)
40.7
(105.3)
41.0
(105.8)
37.0
(98.6)
35.1
(95.2)
35.4
(95.7)
34.3
(93.7)
29.1
(84.4)
23.5
(74.3)
32.5
(90.5)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
8.3
(46.9)
13.7
(56.7)
19.4
(66.9)
24.2
(75.6)
27.7
(81.9)
27.0
(80.6)
26.0
(78.8)
23.7
(74.7)
17.8
(64)
11.0
(51.8)
6.5
(43.7)
17.6
(63.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 013.4
(0.528)
015.5
(0.61)
012.1
(0.476)
005.6
(0.22)
020.3
(0.799)
042.9
(1.689)
140.7
(5.539)
146.9
(5.783)
065.0
(2.559)
014.8
(0.583)
006.1
(0.24)
007.3
(0.287)
490.6
(19.313)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.1 1.2 1.3 0.6 1.3 3.0 6.9 7.5 3.5 0.9 0.5 0.7 28.5
Source: India Meteorological Department[19]

Fauna[edit]

Animals and birds of various species are found including sparrow, large Indian parakeet, parrot, crow, rat, rabbit, nilgai, pied crested cuckoo, koel, pheasant, kingfisher, bulbul and Indian magpie robin.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]