Bielany, Kraków

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Bielany
Neighbourhood of Kraków
Camaldolese Priory in Bielany, Kraków
Camaldolese Priory in Bielany, Kraków
Kraków dzielnica VII Zwierzyniec.svg
Bielany
Bielany

Zwierzyniec district on the map of Kraków after the latest subdivisions
Coordinates: 50°02′45″N 19°50′26″E / 50.04583°N 19.84056°E / 50.04583; 19.84056Coordinates: 50°02′45″N 19°50′26″E / 50.04583°N 19.84056°E / 50.04583; 19.84056
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
County Kraków County
City Kraków
This article is about a neighbourhood of Kraków. There are also districts in Toruń and Warsaw with the same name.

Bielany [bʲɛˈlanɨ], originally a village near Kraków (Poland), since 1941 one of its neighbourhoods, located some 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) west of the city centre. Nowadays Bielany is a part of Kraków's Zwierzyniec District.[1]

History[edit]

Water supply plant, 1900

The first written record of Bielany comes from the 12th century. In the first half of the 17th century a Camaldolese monastery was established there, damaged in 1655 during the Siege of Kraków (1655) in the course of the Polish-Swedish war. It was rebuilt after a subsequent fire in 1814.

Under the Austrian Partition, after 30 years of deliberation and planning, in 1901 Kraków's first municipal water supply plant opened in Bielany. Additional capacity was provided in 1917, and the plant is still in use today in a limited capacity.

The nature reserve called Little Bielany Rocks (Polish: Rezerwat Skałki Bielańskie) on the southern slope of the monastery hill was established in 1957.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zabytki Krakowa, Bielany at ZabytkiKrakowa.info. Retrieved 16 December 2015.