Bies

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Bies /ˈbjɛs/ or bes (Russian: бес [ˈbʲɛs]) is an evil spirit or demon in Slavic mythology. Under the influence of Christianity the word often became synonymous with chort.

After the acceptance of Christianity the bies (same as chort) became identified with the devil, corresponding to the being referred to in Ancient Greek, as either daimon (δαίμων), daimónion or pneuma (πνεῦμα). For example, biesy (Russian plural of bies) is used in the standard Russian translation of Mark 5:12, where we have the devils entering the swine in KJV.[1][2][non-primary source needed] Compare to Ukrainian bisy or bisytysia (to go mad). In Slovenian (bes), Croatian (bijes) and Serbian (bes) the word means "rage", "fury".[3][4]

Equivalents in non-Slavic traditions[edit]

In the mythology of Jah Hut people, one of the Orang Asli tribes living in Malaysia, there are beings called bès. This word generally refers to dangerous spirits living in the jungle and often attacking people, causing illnesses by spirit possession etc. It is possible to tame them by carving "sepili" - small wooden sculptures depicting the bès one has troubles with. If the bès likes its look, they may move into the sculpture in which moment they can be trapped inside by a special ritual. After it's done, people must make sure to get the sepili as far away from their village as possible to avoid bès' anger once they break free. Traditionally, they bury the sepili deep in the jungle. [5] Nowadays, many native artists also sell their sepili as souvenirs to tourists.

Examples in culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mark 5, Russian text
  2. ^ Mark 5, KJV English text
  3. ^ "Hrvatski jezični portal". hjp.znanje.hr. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  4. ^ "Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/běsъ - Wiktionary". en.wiktionary.org. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  5. ^ Werner, R. (1975) Jah-hět of Malaysia, Art and Culture. Penerbit Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.
  6. ^ Brlić-Mažuranić, Ivana (2007). Priče iz davnine - III. dio. Zagreb: Večernji list d. d. pp. 5–38. ISBN 978-953-280-005-0.