Bies

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Bies /ˈbjɛs/ or bes (Russian: бес [ˈbʲɛs]) is an evil spirit or demon in Slavic mythology. The word is synonymous with chort.

After the acceptance of Christianity the bies became identified with the devil, corresponding to the being referred to in Ancient Greek, as either daimon (δαίμων), daimónion or pneuma (πνεῦμα). For example, biesy (Russian plural of bies) is used in the standard Russian translation of Mark 5:12, where we have the devils entering the swine in KJV.[1][2] Compare to the Ukrainian bisy (used always in plural) or bisytysia (to go mad). In Slovenian (bes), Croatian (bijes) and Serbian (bes) the word means "rage", "fury".[3][4]

Examples in culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mark 5, Russian text
  2. ^ Mark 5, KJV English text
  3. ^ "Hrvatski jezični portal". hjp.znanje.hr. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  4. ^ "Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/běsъ - Wiktionary". en.wiktionary.org. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  5. ^ Brlić-Mažuranić, Ivana (2007). Priče iz davnine - III. dio. Zagreb: Večernji list d. d. pp. 5–38. ISBN 978-953-280-005-0.