Biesenthal

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Biesenthal
Parish church
Parish church
Coat of arms of Biesenthal
Coat of arms
Biesenthal   is located in Germany
Biesenthal
Biesenthal
Coordinates: 52°46′0″N 13°37′59″E / 52.76667°N 13.63306°E / 52.76667; 13.63306Coordinates: 52°46′0″N 13°37′59″E / 52.76667°N 13.63306°E / 52.76667; 13.63306
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Barnim
Municipal assoc. Biesenthal-Barnim
Government
 • Mayor Carsten Bruch (CDU)
Area
 • Total 60.48 km2 (23.35 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 5,679
 • Density 94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 16359
Dialling codes 03337
Vehicle registration BAR
Website www.biesenthal.de

Biesenthal is a town in the district of Barnim in Brandenburg, Germany. It is the administrative seat of the Amt ("municipal federation") Biesenthal-Barnim.

Geography[edit]

Finow river

The town is located on the Finow river, about 31 km (19 mi) northeast of Berlin (centre). The surrounding Biesenthal Basin is part of the Barnim Plateau and the Barnim Nature Park, characterised by numerous kames and glacial lakes stemming from the Weichselian glaciation.

History[edit]

In the early Middle Ages, the region was settled by Polabian Slavs. Conquered by the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg, Bizdal was first mentioned in a 1258 deed. A local parish was already documented in 1265; the present-day fieldstone church was probably erected at this time. The settlement on the Via Imperii trade route to Berlin was vested with market rights by Margrave John V in 1315.

A castle was mentioned in 1337, it was purchased by the Hohenzollern elector John George of Brandenburg in 1577. Its ruins were cleared away after the Thirty Years' War, only ground walls remained. In 1907, a view tower (Kaiser-Friedrich-Turm) was erected on the castle hill.

During the 18th century, the townscape was devastated by several blazes. The economic development was decisively promoted by the opening of the Berlin–Szczecin railway line in 1843. In World War II, a subcamp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp was located here. The town was occupied by Red Army forces in 1945 and became part of the Soviet occupation zone.

Demography[edit]

Development of population since 1875 within the current boundaries (Blue line: Population; Dotted line: Comparison to population development of Brandenburg state; Grey background: Time of Nazi rule; Red background: Time of communist rule)
Biesenthal:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 2 632
1890 2 732
1910 3 370
1925 3 556
1933 3 879
1939 4 529
1946 4 598
1950 5 120
1964 4 910
1971 4 801
Year Population
1981 4 730
1985 4 892
1989 4 815
1990 4 668
1991 4 624
1992 4 695
1993 4 846
1994 4 911
1995 4 869
1996 4 923
Year Population
1997 5 058
1998 5 183
1999 5 220
2000 5 272
2001 5 340
2002 5 394
2003 5 454
2004 5 509
2005 5 625
2006 5 621
Year Population
2007 5 637
2008 5 507
2009 5 563
2010 5 543
2011 5 498
2012 5 525
2013 5 564
2014 5 632
2015 5 679

Politics[edit]

Town hall

Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]