Big Bend Ranch State Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Big Bend Ranch
Photo of Solitario Peak
Solitario Peak (4786 ft), a prominent geologic feature of The Solitario, a collapsed laccolith
Map showing the location of Big Bend Ranch
Map showing the location of Big Bend Ranch
Big Bend Ranch
Map showing the location of Big Bend Ranch
Map showing the location of Big Bend Ranch
Big Bend Ranch
LocationPresidio / Brewster counties
Nearest townPresidio, Texas
Coordinates29°31′50″N 104°09′16″W / 29.53056°N 104.15444°W / 29.53056; -104.15444Coordinates: 29°31′50″N 104°09′16″W / 29.53056°N 104.15444°W / 29.53056; -104.15444
Area311,000 acres (125,857 ha)
Governing bodyTexas Parks and Wildlife
WebsiteTexas Parks and Wildlife

Big Bend Ranch State Park is a 311,000-acre (126,000 ha) state park located on the Rio Grande in Brewster and Presidio counties, Texas. It is the largest state park in Texas. The closest major town is Presidio, Texas, where the state park's head office is located.[1] It includes Colorado Canyon.


Closed Canyon entrance

Big Bend Ranch is located adjacent to Big Bend National Park and shares the national park's Chihuahuan Desert ecosystem. However, in one significant aspect the state park is managed very differently from the nearby national park, as the state park encompasses a network of cattle ranches operated according to the principle of the open range. A herd of longhorn cattle is based here, and there is a semi-annual longhorn roundup.[2]

The Big Bend Ranch manages 23 miles (37 km) of frontage along the Rio Grande, and river rafting is popular here. Away from the river, visitors can hike, backpack, go horseback riding or enjoy mountain biking in the Big Bend Ranch's substantial backcountry. The park is open year round and an admission fee is charged.[1]


Desert vegetation dominates the park including lechuguilla and grama grass. Other common plants include sotol, ocotillo and mesquite. Along the Rio Grande and around some of the springs in the park are reeds, willows, and cottonwood and ash trees.[3] The park contains most of the existing populations of the federally threatened Hinckley oak.[4]


Common animals in the park include gray fox, desert cottontail, two species of raven, mule deer, coyote, seven species of owl, kangaroo rat, six species of woodpecker, greater roadrunner, two species of vulture, jackrabbit, collared peccary and many species of lizard. Rarer animals include the cougar, golden eagle, bobcat, peregrine falcon, zone-tailed hawk and western mastiff bat.[3]

Feral burro herd[edit]

The park has a herd of feral burros (donkeys), thought to have originated from Mexico or nearby ranches.[5][6] From 2007-2008, efforts were made to cull the burro population; about 130 animals were killed.[7] The cull was stopped to allow for efforts to trap and relocate the animals instead of killing them, but these were unsuccessful.[7] Shooting of burros by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) began again in 2011, but after public outcry and criticism from animal rights and rescue organizations, lethal control was stopped again in favor of non-lethal trapping and relocation.[8][9] As of 2021, the burro herd remains at large, however TPWD has said that resumption of lethal control is "not likely".[6]

Desert bighorn sheep re-introduction[edit]

In early 2011, TPWD oversaw the transport of 29 desert bighorn sheep to the Bofecillos Range. It was hoped that this herd would become the ancestral animals of a self-sustaining population of bighorns within the park. The last unmanaged population of Texas desert bighorn sheep was shot or died around 1958.[10]


Madrid Falls, the second highest waterfall in Texas

The Big Bend Ranch is home to Madrid Falls, the second highest waterfall in Texas. The terrain around Madrid Falls makes it difficult to access.[11]

Colorado Canyon[edit]

Colorado Canyon, within the park, is the "most accessible" of the area's river canyons. Visitors may take short float trips through it, and it can be viewed from vehicle access points.[12] Other river canyons in Big Bend were carved out of limestone, which yields almost vertical walls. Colorado Canyon is the only one carved from volcanic rock. Its mineral-rich soil makes the canyon "a hanging garden of yuccas, cacti, and other life."[12]

Park management[edit]


Big Bend Ranch State Park was expected to enjoy an estimated 2,500 visitors in 2008, a relatively low level of visitation for a park of its size.[13] Visitors access the park via FM 170, a road that runs along the Rio Grande, or by an airstrip operated by Texas Parks and Wildlife.[14]


Dark Canyon on the Rio Grande

The main activities are hiking, mountain biking, off-roading, paddling, and camping. The park is designated an International Dark Sky Park, and stargazing conditions are ideal.[15]

A number of companies in the area offer tours of the Rio Grande River, with most being based out of Terlingua, Texas. They offer guided rafting trips, canoe trips, guided hikes and backroad tours that are structured to provide education about the region's history, geology, wildlife and plant life.

Recent events[edit]

The Nature Conservancy of Texas announced in November 2008 that they had purchased the Fresno Ranch, a 7,000-acre (2,800 ha) inholding within the state park, for the purpose of planning the transfer of the land to the state park for integrated park management purposes and eventual public enjoyment. The price was said to be $2.6 million. The ranch, which occupied several comparatively well-watered parcels of land within the park's boundaries, was in the southeastern quadrant of the park.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Big Bend Ranch State Park", Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  2. ^ "Texas Longhorns in State Parks", Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Parent, Laurence. Official Guide to Texas State Parks. University of Texas Press, Fourth Edition, 2005. pp 8-11.
  4. ^ Quercus hinckleyi. Archived 2011-10-26 at the Wayback Machine Center for Plant Conservation.
  5. ^ Schmidly, David J.; Bradley, Robert D. (2016). The Mammals of Texas, Seventh Edition. University of Texas Press. Retrieved 2021-05-12.
  6. ^ a b "TPWD: Facts About Feral Burros at Big Bend Ranch State Park". Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  7. ^ a b Heinrich, Holly (2012-03-21). "Seeking a Nonlethal Exit Strategy for Wild Burros". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  8. ^ Scharrer, Gary (2012-01-19). "Fans protest wild donkeys being killed at Big Bend park". Chron. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  9. ^ MacCormack, John (2011-10-12). "Burros in the cross hairs". mySA. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  10. ^ "Local Outdoors for 7/22", San Marcos Daily Record, 2011-07-23. Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved August 2, 2011.
  11. ^ "Big Bend's Madrid Falls are a rare sight", The Dallas Morning News' Retrieved February 10th, 2010.
  12. ^ a b "Colorado Canyon". Big Bend.
  13. ^ a b "Big Bend state park expands boundaries". Houston Chronicle. 2008-11-23.
  14. ^ "Airport Data and Information Portal: (3T9) BIG BEND RANCH STATE PARK". Airport Data and Information Portal. Archived from the original on 2020-06-12. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  15. ^ "Big Bend Ranch State Park (U.S.)". International Dark-Sky Association. Retrieved 2021-05-13.

External links[edit]