Big Bend slider

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Big Bend slider
Big bend slider turtle.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Emydidae
Genus: Trachemys
Species: T. gaigeae
Binomial name
Trachemys gaigeae
Hartweg, 1939
Synonyms[2]

Nota bene: Dashes indicate scientific names which are simply new combinations, i.e., not new taxa.

Trachemys gaigeae gaigeae
  • Pseudemys scripta gaigeae
    Hartweg, 1939
  • Pseudemys gaigeae
    Stejneger & Barbour, 1939
  • Pseudemys scripta gagei
    Zweig & Crenshaw, 1957
    (ex errore)
  • Chrysemys scripta gaigeae
    H.M. Smith & Taylor, 1966
  • Pseudemys scripta gaigei
    Ernst, 1967 (ex errore)
  • Chrysemys gaigeae
    — Weaver & Rose, 1967
  • Pseudemys scripta gaigea Degenhardt & Christiansen, 1974
    (ex errore)
  • Chrysemys gaigae
    Ashton, Edwards & Pisani, 1976
    (ex errore)
  • Chrysemys gaigea
    — Morafka, 1977
  • Chrysemys scripta gaigae
    — Morafka, 1977
  • Trachemys nebulosa gaigeae
    — Ward, 1984
  • Pseudemys scripta gaigae
    Stebbins, 1985
  • Trachemys scripta gaigeae
    — Iverson, 1985
  • Trachemys gaigeae
    Dixon, 1987
  • Trachemys gaigae
    — Williamson, Hyder & Applegarth, 1994
  • Trachemys ornata gaigeae
    — Walls, 1996
  • Trachemys gaigeae gaigeae
    — Seidel, 2002
  • Trachemys scripta gaigae
    — Gurley, 2003
  • Trachemys nebulosa gaigae
    — Joseph-Ouni, 2004
Trachemys gaigeae hartwegi
  • Pseudemys scripta hartwegi
    Legler, 1980 (nomen nudum)
  • Chrysemys scripta hartwegi
    — Obst, 1983
  • Trachemys scripta hartwegi
    — Iverson, 1985
  • Pseudemys scripta hartwegi
    Legler, 1990
  • Trachemys scripta hartwegi
    — Iverson, 1992
  • Trachemys ornata hartwegi
    — Walls, 1996
  • Trachemys nebulosa hartwegi
    — Bringsøe, 2001
  • Trachemys gaigeae hartwegi
    — Seidel, 2002

The Big Bend slider (Trachemys gaigeae), also called the Mexican Plateau slider, is a species of aquatic turtle in the family Emydidae. The species is endemic to the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

Geographic range[edit]

T. gaigeae is native to the United States in the states of New Mexico and Texas, and to northern Mexico in the state of Chihuahua. It is found primarily in the Rio Grande, Rio Concho, and Rio Nazas river systems.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The epithet, gaigeae, is in honor of American herpetologist Helen Beulah Thompson Gaige,[4] who collected the first specimen in the Big Bend region of Texas in 1928.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

The species Trachemys gaigeae was first described by professor of zoology at the University of Michigan, Dr. Norman Edouard Hartweg, in 1939, as a subspecies, Pseudemys scripta gaigeae. Later, it was assigned to the genus Chrysemys, then to the genus Trachemys. Most recently, it was granted full species status,[5] though many sources still refer to it by its various synonyms.

Behavior[edit]

Primarily aquatic, the Big Bend slider is often seen basking on rocks or logs in the water, and when approached quickly dives to the bottom.[citation needed] The only time it spends a large amount of time on land is when females emerge to lay eggs.[citation needed] It is an omnivorous species, with younger animals being more carnivorous, and progressively becoming more herbivorous as they age, with older adults being nearly entirely herbivorous.[citation needed]

Description[edit]

Adults of T. gaigeae have a straight carapace length of 5 to 11 inches (13 to 28 cm).[3]

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van Dijk PP (2011). "Trachemys gaigeae ". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T22024A97429519. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T22024A9346883.en. Retrieved 9 November 2017. 
  2. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 205. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Powell R, Conant R, Collins JT (2016). Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Fourth Edition. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. xiv + 494 pp., 47 plates, 207 figures. ISBN 978-0-544-12997-9 (Trachemys gaigeae, p. 217, figure 96).
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Trachemys gaigeae, p. 96).
  5. ^ "Trachemys gaigeae ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Behler JL, King FW (1979). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 743 pp. ISBN 0-394-50824-6. (Chrysemys scripta gaigeae, p. 453).
  • Conant R (1975). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Second Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. xviii + 429 pp. + Plates 1-48. ISBN 0-395-19979-4 (hardcover), ISBN 0-395-19977-8 (paperback). (Chrysemys scripta gaigeae, p. 63 + Figure 10 on p. 58 + Map 25).
  • Hartweg N (1939). "A New American Pseudemys ". Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (397): 1-4. (Pseudemys scripta gaigeae, new subspecies).
  • Legler JM (1990). "Chapter 7. The Genus Pseudemys in Mesoamerica: Taxonomy, Distribution, and Origins". In: Gibbons JW (1990). Life History and Ecology of the Slider Turtle. Washington, District of Columbia: Smithsonian Institution Press. 368 pp. ISBN 978-0874744682. (Pseudemys scripta hartwegi, new subspecies, pp. 89–91, Figure 7.5, Tables 7.2-7.6).
  • Smith HM, Brodie ED Jr (1982). Reptiles of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. New York: Golden Press. 240 pp. ISBN 0-307-13666-3. (Pseudemys scripta gaigeae, pp. 56–57).
  • Stebbins RC (2003). A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Third Edition. The Peterson Field Guide Series ®. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. xiii + 533 pp. ISBN 978-0-395-98272-3. (Trachemys gaigeae, pp. 253–254 + Plate 21 + Map 69).