Chiques Creek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Big Chiques Creek)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chiques Creek
Kauffman's Distillery Covered Bridge Side View 3000px.jpg
Kauffman's Distillery Covered Bridge spans Chiques Creek in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Location
CountryLebanon and Lancaster Counties, Pennsylvania, United States
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationMount Gretna Heights, Pennsylvania
 - elevation1,100 feet (340 m)
Mouth 
 - locationSusquehanna River at Marietta, Pennsylvania
 - elevation230 feet (70 m)
Length31.6 miles (50.9 km)
Basin size126 square miles (330 km2)

Chiques Creek (known as Chickies Creek until 2002) is a 31.6-mile-long (50.9 km)[1] tributary of the Susquehanna River in Lebanon and Lancaster counties, Pennsylvania in the United States.

The source is at an elevation of 1,100 feet (340 m) near Mount Gretna Heights in Lebanon County. The mouth is the confluence with the Susquehanna River at an elevation of 230 feet (70 m) at Marietta in Lancaster County.[2]

Name[edit]

The name of the creek comes from the Lenape Chiquesalunga, meaning "place of crayfish".[3]

The United States Geological Survey Board on Geographic Names has made three official decisions on the name of the creek, deciding it was Chickies Creek in 1896 and 1916 before changing it to Chiques Creek in 2002. The USGS Geographic Names Information System recognizes the following thirteen variant names for the creek: Big Chickies Creek, Big Chiques Creek, Big Chiquesalunga Creek, Chickesalapga Creek, Chickeswalungo Creek, Chickies Creek, Chickisalungo Creek, Chicques Creek, Chikiswalunga Creek, Chikiswalungo Creek, Chiquasatunga Creek, Chiquesatonga Creek, and Chiquesatunga Creek.[4]

Course and watershed[edit]

Chiques Creek flows generally south for its entire course. The Chickies Creek watershed has a total area of 126 square miles (330 km2) and is part of the larger Chesapeake Bay drainage basin. Chiques Creek's major tributary is Little Chiques Creek, entering roughly one mile upstream its mouth. (hence the variant names with Big in them for the main creek).[5]

Covered bridges[edit]

Five covered bridges cross the creek in Lancaster County:

Tributaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed August 8, 2011
  2. ^ Shaw, Lewis C. Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams Part II (Water Resources Bulletin No. 16). Prepared in Cooperation with the United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey (1st ed.). Harrisburg, PA: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Resources (no ISBN).
  3. ^ "Indian Names Data Chart" (PDF). Susquehanna River Basin Commission. Retrieved September 4, 2006.
  4. ^ "Feature Detail Report for: Chiques Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. August 30, 1990. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
  5. ^ "Chesapeake Bay Program: Watershed Profiles: The Chickies Creek - At Marietta Watershed". Chesapeake Bay Program Office, 10 Severn Avenue, Suite 109, Annapolis, MD 21403. Retrieved September 3, 2006.

Coordinates: 40°07′21″N 76°27′29″W / 40.12248°N 76.45806°W / 40.12248; -76.45806