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Big Four international beauty pageants

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The Big Four or the Big League Pageants[1] refers to the four major international beauty pageants for women – Miss World, Miss Universe, Miss International and Miss Earth.[2][3][4][5][6] The group was first described by the China Daily newspaper in 2004 as "the world's four major beauty contests".[7][8] In April 2008, the South China Morning Post described them as "four of the world's top beauty pageants";[9] the same description was also used by South Korea's leading newspaper, Chosun Ilbo in 2010.[10] In 2017, the Latin Times considered the group as the "most important pageants in the world".[11] In 2018, NBC News referred to them as the "four biggest international pageants",[12] while Agencia EFE delineated them in 2019 as the "four most influential beauty pageants in the world".[13][14][15]

The Big Four pageants

Hundreds of thousands of beauty contests are held annually,[16] but the Big Four are considered the most prestigious,[17] widely covered and broadcast by media.[18] The Wall Street Journal,[2] BBC News,[19] CNN,[20][21] Xinhua News Agency,[22] and global news agencies such as Reuters,[23][24] Associated Press[25] and Agence France-Presse[26][27] collectively refer to the four major pageants as "Big Four" namely:

Miss World Miss Universe Miss International Miss Earth
Formation July 29, 1951; 70 years ago (1951-07-29) June 28, 1952; 69 years ago (1952-06-28) August 12, 1960; 61 years ago (1960-08-12) April 3, 2001; 20 years ago (2001-04-03)[49]
Headquarters London, United Kingdom[50] New York City, United States[51] Tokyo, Japan[52] Manila, Philippines[53]
Advocacy
  • Advocate humanitarian issues and be a voice to affect positive change in the world[55][56]
  • Achieve a world where women can live with positivity, inner strength, and individuality[57]
President
Organization
  • Miss World Limited[65]
  • International Cultural Association[67]

In April 2008, Cynthia Kanema of Zambia earned the distinction of the first woman to have participated the world's top four beauty pageants: Miss World 2003, Miss International 2004, Miss Universe 2005, and Miss Earth 2005.[69] In 2011, Miss South Africa Bokang Montjane became the second woman to have competed in all of the Big Four pageants: Miss Earth 2007 (Top 16), Miss International 2009, Miss Universe 2011, Miss World 2011 (Top 7).[70][71]

Most victorious countries/territory

The first country to win all four major international pageant titles was Brazil, when it won Miss Earth 2004.[72] Brazil has won two Miss Universe crowns, two Miss Earth crowns, one Miss World crown, and one Miss International crown.[73]

In winning Miss Earth 2005, Venezuela became the second country to win titles for each of the Big Four pageants.[74] It has produced seven Miss Universe titles, eight Miss International titles, six Miss World titles, and two Miss Earth titles.[75] By winning Miss Earth 2013, Venezuela became the first and so far only country to win all four pageants multiple times.[76]

After winning Miss World 2013, the Philippines was the third country to win all titles of the Big Four pageants.[74][77] The Philippines currently has six Miss International crowns, four Miss Earth crowns, four Miss Universe crowns, and one Miss World crown.[75] By winning Miss World 2013, Miss International 2013, Miss Earth 2014, Miss Earth 2015, and Miss Universe 2015, the Philippines achieved the feat in a span of only three calendar years.[33] The country continued its streak after winning Miss International 2016, Miss Earth 2017, and Miss Universe 2018, and currently holds the distinction of longest streak of wins in all four major beauty pageants with a streak of six successive years.[78][79][80][81]

After winning Miss Earth 2019, Puerto Rico became the first territory to win all titles of the Big Four pageants.[82] It currently has five Miss Universe crowns and two of each in Miss World and Miss International.[83][84]

After winning Miss Earth 2020, the United States became the fourth country to win in all titles of the Big Four pageants. It currently has eight Miss Universe crowns, three crowns in Miss World, and three crowns in Miss International.[85][86]

The following countries and territory have won each Big Four pageant at least once:

Country/Territory Miss World[75][73][87] Miss Universe[75][73][88] Miss International[75][73][89] Miss Earth[75][73][90] Total wins
 Brazil 6
 Philippines 15
 Puerto Rico 10
 United States 15
 Venezuela 23

Longest streak of wins

The Philippines holds the longest streak of winning at least one of the Big Four pageant titles in a single year with wins in six consecutive years from 2013 to 2018 (Miss World 2013 and Miss International 2013, Miss Earth 2014, Miss Universe 2015 and Miss Earth 2015, Miss International 2016, Miss Earth 2017, and Miss Universe 2018),[33][78][81] and is currently the only country in the world to win at least once in all of the Big Four pageant titles in any of its titles streak. Venezuela ranks second overall in streak of Big Four pageant wins, lasting four consecutive years from 2008 to 2011 (Miss Universe 2008,[91][92] Miss Universe 2009,[93][94] Miss International 2010,[95][96] Miss World 2011).[97][98]

Multiple wins in the same year

France became the first nation to win at least 2 of the Big 4 beauty pageant titles in the same year, winning in 1953 (Miss Universe and Miss World),[99][100][101] followed by Brazil in 1968 (Miss Universe and Miss International),[102] Australia in 1972 (Miss Universe and Miss World),[103] Venezuela in 1981 (Miss Universe and Miss World) as well as in 2013 (Miss Universe and Miss Earth), India in 1994 and 2000 (Miss Universe and Miss World), Ecuador in 2011 (Miss International and Miss Earth), and the Philippines in 2013 (Miss World and Miss International) and 2015 (Miss Universe and Miss Earth).[75]

Back-to-back wins

In Miss World, three back-to-back victories have been recorded.[104] In its first two editions, Sweden recorded back-to-back with Kiki Hakansson and May-Louise Flodin in Miss World 1951 and Miss World 1952, respectively.[104] United Kingdom contestants Ann Sidney and Lesley Langley duplicated this feat in Miss World 1964 and Miss World 1965, respectively.[104] The most recent back-to-back Miss World victories came from India, with Yukta Mookhey in Miss World 1999 and Priyanka Chopra in Miss World 2000 edition.[104][105]

In Miss Universe, Venezuela is currently the only country to win back-to-back in Miss Universe 2008 and Miss Universe 2009.[106][107][108] Stefanía Fernandez won the Miss Universe 2009 title in which Venezuela earned a Guinness World Records to have the first Miss Universe winner succeeded by her compatriot, Miss Universe 2008 Dayana Mendoza.[109]

In Miss Earth, the victory of Angelia Ong in Miss Earth 2015, succeeding Jamie Herrell, Miss Earth 2014, made the Philippines to date the only country to win back-to-back in the Miss Earth pageant.[105][110][111]

Big Four pageant winners by year

Year Miss World[87] Miss Universe[88] Miss International[89] Miss Earth[90]
2022 TBA TBA TBA 2022 TBA
2021 December 16, 2021 December 12, 2021 Cancelled[a] Destiny Wagner[112][113]
 Belize
2020 Cancelled[a] Andrea Meza[114][115]
 Mexico
Lindsey Coffey[116][117]
 United States
2019 Toni-Ann Singh[118][119]
 Jamaica
Zozibini Tunzi[120][121]
 South Africa
Sireethorn Leearamwat[122][123]
 Thailand
Nellys Pimentel[124][125]
 Puerto Rico
2018 Vanessa Ponce[126][127]
 Mexico
Catriona Gray[128][129]
 Philippines
Mariem Velazco[130][131]
 Venezuela
Nguyễn Phương Khánh[132][133]
 Vietnam
2017 Manushi Chhillar[134][135]
 India
Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters[136][137]
 South Africa
Kevin Lilliana[138][139]
 Indonesia
Karen Ibasco[140][141]
 Philippines
2016 Stephanie Del Valle[142][143]
 Puerto Rico
Iris Mittenaere[144][145]
 France
Kylie Verzosa[146][147]
 Philippines
Katherine Espín[148][149]
 Ecuador
2015 Mireia Lalaguna[150][151]
 Spain
Pia Wurtzbach[152][153]
 Philippines
Edymar Martínez[154][155]
 Venezuela
Angelia Ong[156][157]
 Philippines
2014 Rolene Strauss[158][159]
 South Africa
Paulina Vega[160][161]
 Colombia
Valerie Hernandez[162][163]
 Puerto Rico
Jamie Herrell[164][165]
 Philippines
2013 Megan Young[166][167]
 Philippines
Gabriela Isler[168][169]
 Venezuela
Bea Santiago[170][171]
 Philippines
Alyz Henrich[172][173]
 Venezuela
2012 Yu Wenxia[174][175]
 China
Olivia Culpo[176][177]
 United States
Ikumi Yoshimatsu[b][178][179]
 Japan
Tereza Fajksová[180][181]
 Czech Republic
2011 Ivian Sarcos[182][183]
 Venezuela
Leila Lopes[184][185]
 Angola
Fernanda Cornejo
 Ecuador
Olga Álava[186][187]
 Ecuador
2010 Alexandria Mills[188][189]
 United States
Ximena Navarrete[190][191]
 Mexico
Elizabeth Mosquera[192][193]
 Venezuela
Nicole Faria[194][195]
 India
2009 Kaiane Aldorino[196][197]
 Gibraltar
Stefania Fernandez[198][199]
 Venezuela
Anagabriela Espinoza[200][201]
 Mexico
Larissa Ramos[202][203]
 Brazil
2008 Ksenia Sukhinova[204]
 Russia
Dayana Mendoza[205][206]
 Venezuela
Alejandra Andreu[207][208]
 Spain
Karla Henry[209][210]
 Philippines
2007 Zhang Zilin[211][212]
 China
Riyo Mori[213][214]
 Japan
Priscila Perales[215][216]
 Mexico
Jessica Trisko[217][218]
 Canada
2006 Taťána Kuchařová[219][220]
 Czech Republic
Zuleyka Rivera[221][222]
 Puerto Rico
Daniela di Giacomo[223][224]
 Venezuela
Hil Hernández[225][226]
 Chile
2005 Unnur Vilhjálmsdóttir[227][228]
 Iceland
Natalie Glebova[229][230]
 Canada
Lara Quigaman[231][232]
 Philippines
Alexandra Braun[233][234]
 Venezuela
2004 María Julia Mantilla[235][236]
 Peru
Jennifer Hawkins[237][238]
 Australia
Jeymmy Vargas[239][240]
 Colombia
Priscilla Meirelles[72][241]
 Brazil
2003 Rosanna Davison[242][243]
 Ireland
Amelia Vega[244][245]
 Dominican Republic
Goizeder Azúa[246][247]
 Venezuela
Dania Prince[248][249]
 Honduras
2002 Azra Akın[250][251]
 Turkey
Oxana Fedorova[c][252][253]
 Russia
Christina Sawaya[254][255]
 Lebanon
Dzejla Glavovic[c][256][257]
 Bosnia & Herzegovina
Justine Pasek[d][258][259]
 Panama
Winfred Omwakwe[d][260][261]
 Kenya
2001 Agbani Darego[262][263]
 Nigeria
Denise Quiñones[264][265]
 Puerto Rico
Małgorzata Rożniecka[266][267]
 Poland
Catharina Svensson[268][269]
 Denmark
2000 Priyanka Chopra[270][271]
 India
Lara Dutta[272][273]
 India
Vivian Urdaneta[274][275]
 Venezuela
Founded 2001
1999 Yukta Mookhey[276][277]
 India
Mpule Kwelagobe[278][279]
 Botswana
Paulina Gálvez[280][281]
 Colombia
1998 Linor Abargil[282][283]
 Israel
Wendy Fitzwilliam[284][285]
 Trinidad and Tobago
Lía Borrero[286][287]
 Panama
1997 Diana Hayden[288][289]
 India
Brook Lee[290][291]
 United States
Consuelo Adler[292][275]
 Venezuela
1996 Irene Skliva[293][294]
 Greece
Alicia Machado[295][296]
 Venezuela
Fernanda Alves[297][298]
 Portugal
1995 Jacqueline Aguilera[299][300]
 Venezuela
Chelsi Smith[301][302]
 United States
Anne Lena Hansen[303][304]
 Norway
1994 Aishwarya Rai[305][306]
 India
Sushmita Sen[307][308]
 India
Christina Lekka[309][310]
 Greece
1993 Lisa Hanna[311][312]
 Jamaica
Dayanara Torres[313][314]
 Puerto Rico
Agnieszka Pachałko[315][266]
 Poland
1992 Julia Kourotchkina[316][317]
 Russia
Michelle McLean[318][319]
 Namibia
Kirsten Davidson[304]
 Australia
1991 Ninibeth Leal[320][321]
 Venezuela
Lupita Jones[322][323]
 Mexico
Agnieszka Kotlarska[324][325]
 Poland
1990 Gina Tolleson[326][327]
 United States
Mona Grudt[328][329]
 Norway
Silvia de Esteban[330][331]
 Spain
1989 Aneta Kręglicka[332][333]
 Poland
Angela Visser[279][334]
 Netherlands
Iris Klein[304]
 Germany
1988 Linda Pétursdóttir[335][336]
 Iceland
Porntip Nakhirunkanok[337][338]
 Thailand
Catherine Gude[304]
 Norway
1987 Ulla Weigerstorfer[339][340]
 Austria
Cecilia Bolocco[341][342]
 Chile
Laurie Simpson[343][344]
 Puerto Rico
1986 Giselle Laronde[345][346]
 Trinidad and Tobago
Bárbara Palacios[347][348]
 Venezuela
Helen Fairbrother[349][304]
 England
1985 Hólmfríður Karlsdóttir[350][351]
 Iceland
Deborah Carthy-Deu[352][353]
 Puerto Rico
Nina Sicilia[354][355]
 Venezuela
1984 Astrid Carolina Herrera[356][357]
 Venezuela
Yvonne Ryding[358][359]
 Sweden
Ilma Urrutia[360][361]
 Guatemala
1983 Sarah-Jane Hutt[362][363]
 United Kingdom
Lorraine Downes[364][365]
 New Zealand
Gidget Sandoval[366][367]
 Costa Rica
1982 Mariasela Álvarez[368][369]
 Dominican Republic
Karen Baldwin[370]
 Canada
Christie Claridge[367]
 United States
1981 Pilín León[371][372]
 Venezuela
Irene Sáez[373][374]
 Venezuela
Jenny Derek[375][367]
 Australia
1980 Gabriella Brum[e][376][377]
 Germany
Shawn Weatherly[378][379]
 United States
Lorna Chávez[367][366]
 Costa Rica
Kimberley Santos[f][380][381]
 Guam
1979 Gina Swainson[382][383]
 Bermuda
Maritza Sayalero[384][385]
 Venezuela
Melanie Marquez[386][387]
 Philippines
1978 Silvana Suárez[388][389]
 Argentina
Margaret Gardiner[390][391]
 South Africa
Katherine Ruth[392][393][75]
 United States
1977 Mary Stävin[394][395]
 Sweden
Janelle Commissiong[396][397]
 Trinidad and Tobago
Pilar Medina[398][399]
 Spain
1976 Cindy Breakspeare[400][401]
 Jamaica
Rina Messinger[402][403]
 Israel
Sophie Perin[404][405]
 France
1975 Wilnelia Merced[406][407]
 Puerto Rico
Anne Marie Pohtamo[362][408]
 Finland
Lidija Manić[409][410]
 Yugoslavia
1974 Helen Morgan[e][411][412]
 United Kingdom
Amparo Muñoz[g][413][414]
 Spain
Brucene Smith[415][416]
 United States
Anneline Kriel[f][417][418]
 South Africa
1973 Marjorie Wallace[b][419][420]
 United States
Margie Moran[421][422]
 Philippines
Anneli Björkling[423][424]
 Finland
1972 Belinda Green[425][426]
 Australia
Kerry Anne Wells[427][428]
 Australia
Linda Hooks[75][429]
 United Kingdom
1971 Lúcia Petterle[430][431]
 Brazil
Georgina Rizk[432][433]
 Lebanon
Jane Hansen[434][367]
 New Zealand
1970 Jennifer Hosten[435][436]
 Grenada
Marisol Malaret[437][438]
 Puerto Rico
Aurora Pijuan[439][440]
 Philippines
1969 Eva Rueber-Staier[441][442]
 Austria
Gloria Diaz[443][444]
 Philippines
Valerie Holmes[445]
 United Kingdom
1968 Penelope Plummer[446][447]
 Australia
Martha Vasconcellos[448][449]
 Brazil
Maria Carvalho[450][451]
 Brazil
1967 Madeleine Hartog-Bel[452][453]
 Peru
Sylvia Hitchcock[454][455]
 United States
Mirta Massa[456][367]
 Argentina
1966 Reita Faria[457][458]
 India
Margareta Arvidsson[459][460]
 Sweden
Cancelled[h]
1965 Lesley Langley[461][462]
 United Kingdom
Apasra Hongsakula[463][464]
 Thailand
Ingrid Finger[citation needed]
 Germany
1964 Ann Sidney[465][466]
 United Kingdom
Corinna Tsopei[467][468]
 Greece
Gemma Cruz[469][470]
 Philippines
1963 Carole Crawford[471][472]
 Jamaica
Iêda Maria Vargas[428][473]
 Brazil
Guðrún Bjarnadóttir[474][416]
 Iceland
1962 Catharina Lodders[475][476]
 Netherlands
Norma Nolan[477][478]
 Argentina
Tania Verstak[479][480]
 Australia
1961 Rosemarie Frankland[481][363]
 United Kingdom
Marlene Schmidt[482][483]
 Germany
Stanny van Baer[484][485]
 Netherlands
1960 Norma Cappagli[486][487]
 Argentina
Linda Bement[488][489]
 United States
Stella Márquez[490][491]
 Colombia
1959 Corine Rottschäfer[492][493]
 Netherlands
Akiko Kojima[494][495]
 Japan
Founded 1960
1958 Penelope Coelen[496][497]
 South Africa
Luz Marina Zuluaga[498][499]
 Colombia
1957 Marita Lindahl[500][501]
 Finland
Gladys Zender[502][503]
 Peru
1956 Petra Schürmann[504][505]
 Germany
Carol Morris[506][507]
 United States
1955 Susana Duijm[508][509]
 Venezuela
Hillevi Rombin[510]
 Sweden
1954 Antigone Costanda[511][512]
 Egypt
Miriam Stevenson[513][489]
 United States
1953 Denise Perrier[514][515]
 France
Christiane Martel[513][516]
 France
1952 May Louise Flodin[517][518]
 Sweden
Armi Kuusela[519][520]
 Finland
1951 Kiki Håkansson[521][522]
 Sweden
Founded 1952

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Competition was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic
  2. ^ a b Dethroned, no replacement
  3. ^ a b Dethroned, replaced by first runner-up
  4. ^ a b Originally first-runner-up, replaced dethroned winner
  5. ^ a b Resigned, replaced by first runner-up
  6. ^ a b Originally first runner-up, replaced original winner who resigned
  7. ^ Resigned, no replacement
  8. ^ Competition was cancelled due to dispute of the organizers

References

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