Big Four international beauty pageants

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Big Four is a group of four female international beauty pageants according to Missosology. These are Miss World (founded in 1951), Miss Universe (1952), Miss International (1960) and Miss Earth (2001).

The criteria for the Big Four inclusion is based on specific standards such as the pageant's global prominence and prestige approved by worldwide media; the quality and quantity of crowned delegates recognized by international franchisees and pageant aficionados; the winner's post-pageant activities; the pageant's longevity, consistency, and history; the sincerity of the pageant's specific cause, platform, and advocacy; the overall pre-pageant activities, production quality and global telecast; the enormity of Internet traffic; and the extent of popularity amongst pageant fans across the globe.[1][2][3]

The pageants[edit]

Miss World pageant is the oldest surviving major international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951.[4][5] Since his death in 2000, Morley's wife, Julia Morley, co-chairs the pageant.[6]

Miss Universe is an annual international beauty contest that is run by the Miss Universe Organization.[7][8][9] The contest was founded in 1952 by California clothing company Pacific Mills. The pageant became part of Kayser-Roth and then Gulf+Western Industries, before being acquired by Donald Trump in 1996.[10][11]

Miss International, also called "Miss International Beauty",[12] this pageant is not based on looks alone. Contestants are expected to serve as "Ambassadors of Peace and Beauty", showing tenderness, benevolence, friendship, beauty, intelligence, ability to take action, and great international sensibility. The ultimate goal of the Miss International beauty pageant is to promote world peace, goodwill, and understanding.[13]

Miss Earth is an annual pageant organised by Philippine-based Carousel Productions through the Miss Earth Foundation. The non-profit organisation describes itself with "aims to increase the awareness levels and knowledge on current environmental issues and what actions can be done by power of broadcasting and other media campaigns locally, nationally and globally". Apart from a strong emphasis on environmental protection programs, Miss Earth also aims to showcase and promote various tourist destinations.[14]

Most successful countries[edit]

The first country to win all four pageants was Brazil, when it won Miss Earth 2004.

In winning Miss Earth 2005, Venezuela became the second country to win all four pageants. With victory at Miss Earth 2013, Venezuela also became the first country to win all four of the pageants multiple times, and also the only country that has had at least one crown during 4 consecutive years.

The third country worldwide, and the first country in Asia, to win all four pageants was the Philippines when it won Miss World 2013.

Venezuela is the most successful country in the history of the Big Four pageants, having won 7 Miss Universe titles (1979-2013), 6 Miss World titles (1955-2011), 6 Miss International titles (1985-2010) and 2 Miss Earth titles (2005, 2013) for a total of 21 victories, followed by the Philippines having 2 Miss Universe titles (1969, 1973), 1 Miss World title (2013), 5 Miss International titles (1964-2013) and 2 Miss Earth titles (2008, 2014) for a total of 10 victories to be the second country to win all the crown in the history.

In 2013, only two countries won the big 4 pageants- Venezuela, which brought home Miss Universe and Miss Earth titles and Philippines, which won the Miss World and Miss International crown.

These are the countries which have won all the titles of the Big Four pageants:

Country/territory Miss World[15] Miss Universe[16] Miss International[17] Miss Earth[18] Wins
1 Brazil 1971 1963, 1968 1968 2004, 2009 6
2 Venezuela 1955, 1981, 1984, 1991, 1995, 2011 1979, 1981, 1986, 1996, 2008, 2009, 2013 1985, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2010 2005, 2013 21
3 Philippines 2013 1969, 1973 1964, 1970, 1979, 2005, 2013 2008, 2014 10

Note: 1first country to win all four. 2second country to win all four. 3third country to win all four.

Big Four pageant winners by year[edit]

Year Miss World[15] Miss Universe[16] Miss International[17] Miss Earth[18]
2015 December 19 TBA November 5 December 5
2014 Rolene Strauss
 South Africa
Paulina Vega
 Colombia
Valerie Hernandez
 Puerto Rico
Jamie Herrell
 Philippines
2013 Megan Young
 Philippines
Gabriela Isler
 Venezuela
Bea Santiago
 Philippines
Alyz Henrich
 Venezuela
2012 Yu Wenxia
 China PR
Olivia Culpo
 USA
Ikumi Yoshimatsu
 Japan
Tereza Fajksova
 Czech Republic
2011 Ivian Sarcos
 Venezuela
Leila Lopes
 Angola
Fernanda Cornejo
 Ecuador
Olga Alava
 Ecuador
2010 Alexandria Mills
 United States
Ximena Navarrete
 Mexico
Elizabeth Mosquera
 Venezuela
Nicole Faria
 India
2009 Kaiane Aldorino
 Gibraltar
Stefania Fernandez
 Venezuela
Anagabriela Espinoza
 Mexico
Larissa Ramos
 Brazil
2008 Ksenia Sukhinova
 Russia
Dayana Mendoza
 Venezuela
Alejandra Andreu
 Spain
Karla Henry
 Philippines
2007 Zhang Zilin
 China PR
Riyo Mori
 Japan
Priscila Perales
 Mexico
Jessica Trisko
 Canada
2006 Taťána Kuchařová
 Czech Republic
Zuleyka Rivera
 Puerto Rico
Daniela di Giacomo
 Venezuela
Hil Hernández
 Chile
2005 Unnur Vilhjálmsdóttir
 Iceland
Natalie Glebova
 Canada
Lara Quigaman
 Philippines
Alexandra Braun
 Venezuela
2004 María Julia Mantilla
 Peru
Jennifer Hawkins
 Australia
Jeymmy Vargas
 Colombia
Priscilla Meirelles
 Brazil
2003 Rosanna Davison
 Ireland
Amelia Vega
 Dominican Republic
Goizeder Azúa
 Venezuela
Dania Prince
 Honduras
2002 Azra Akın
 Turkey
Oxana Fedorova (dethroned)
 Russia
Justine Pasek
 Panama
Christina Sawaya
 Lebanon
Dzejla Glavovic (dethroned)
 Bosnia & Herzegovina
Winfred Omwakwe
 Kenya
2001 Agbani Darego
 Nigeria
Denise Quiñones
 Puerto Rico
Małgorzata Rożniecka
 Poland
Catharina Svensson
 Denmark
2000 Priyanka Chopra
 India
Lara Dutta
 India
Vivian Urdaneta
 Venezuela
No Pageant Held
(Founded 2001)
1999 Yukta Mookhey
 India
Mpule Kwelagobe
 Botswana
Paulina Gálvez
 Colombia
1998 Linor Abargil
 Israel
Wendy Fitzwilliam
 Trinidad & Tobago
Lía Victoria Borrero Gonzalez
 Panama
1997 Diana Hayden
 India
Brook Lee
 USA
Consuelo Adler
 Venezuela
1996 Irene Skliva
 Greece
Alicia Machado
 Venezuela
Fernanda Alves
 Portugal
1995 Jacqueline Aguilera
 Venezuela
Chelsi Smith
 USA
Anne Lena Hansen
 Norway
1994 Aishwarya Rai
 India
Sushmita Sen
 India
Christina Lekka
 Greece
1993 Lisa Hanna
 Jamaica
Dayanara Torres
 Puerto Rico
Agnieszka Pachałko
 Poland
1992 Julia Kourotchkina
 Russia
Michelle McLean
 Namibia
Kirsten Davidson
 Australia
1991 Ninibeth Leal
 Venezuela
Lupita Jones
 Mexico
Agnieszka Kotlarska
 Poland
1990 Gina Tolleson
 United States
Mona Grudt
 Norway
Silvia de Esteban
 Spain
1989 Aneta Kręglicka
 Poland
Angela Visser
 Netherlands
Iris Klein
 Germany
1988 Linda Pétursdóttir
 Iceland
Porntip Nakhirunkanok
 Thailand
Catherine Alexandra Gude
 Norway
1987 Ulla Weigerstorfer
 Austria
Cecilia Bolocco
 Chile
Laurie Tamara Simpson
 Puerto Rico
1986 Giselle Laronde
 Trinidad & Tobago
Bárbara Palacios Teyde
 Venezuela
Helen Fairbrother
 England
1985 Hólmfríður Karlsdóttir
 Iceland
Deborah Carthy Deu
 Puerto Rico
Nina Sicilia
 Venezuela
1984 Astrid Carolina Herrera
 Venezuela
Yvonne Ryding
 Sweden
Ilma Urrutia
 Guatemala
1983 Sarah-Jane Hutt
 United Kingdom
Lorraine Downes
 New Zealand
Gidget Sandoval
 Costa Rica
1982 Mariasela Álvarez
 Dominican Republic
Karen Baldwin
 Canada
Christie Ellen Claridge
 United States
1981 Pilín León
 Venezuela
Irene Sáez
 Venezuela
Jenny Annette Derek
 Australia
1980 Gabriella Brum (resigned)
 FRG
Kimberley Santos
 Guam
Shawn Weatherly
 USA
Lorna Chávez
 Costa Rica
1979 Gina Swainson
 Bermuda
Maritza Sayalero
 Venezuela
Melanie Marquez
 Philippines
1978 Silvana Suárez
 Argentina
Margaret Gardiner
 South Africa
Katherine Patricia Ruth
 United States
1977 Mary Stävin
 Sweden
Janelle Commissiong
 Trinidad & Tobago
Pilar Medina
 Spain
1976 Cindy Breakspeare
 Jamaica
Rina Messinger
 Israel
Sophie Perin
 France
1975 Wilnelia Merced
 Puerto Rico
Anne Marie Pohtamo
 Finland
Lidija Manić
 Yugoslavia
1974 Helen Morgan (resigned)
 United Kingdom
Anneline Kriel
 South Africa
Amparo Muñoz Quesada
 Spain
Karen Brucene Smith
 United States
1973 Marjorie Wallace
 United States
Margarita Moran
 Philippines
Anneli Björkling
 Finland
1972 Belinda Green
 Australia
Kerry Anne Wells
 Australia
Linda Hooks
 Britain
1971 Lúcia Petterle
 Brazil
Georgina Rizk
 Lebanon
Jane Cheryl Hansen
 New Zealand
1970 Jennifer Hosten
 Grenada
Marisol Malaret
 Puerto Rico
Aurora Pijuan
 Philippines
1969 Eva Rueber-Staier
 Austria
Gloria Diaz
 Philippines
Valerie Susan Holmes
 Britain
1968 Penelope Plummer
 Australia
Martha Vasconcellos
 Brazil
Maria da Glória Carvalho
 Brazil
1967 Madeline Hartog-Bel
 Peru
Sylvia Hitchcock
 USA
Mirta Teresita Massa
 Argentina
1966 Reita Faria
 India
Margareta Arvidsson
 Sweden
Cancelled
1965 Lesley Langley
 United Kingdom
Apasra Hongsakula
 Thailand
Ingrid Finger
 Germany
1964 Ann Sidney
 United Kingdom
Corinna Tsopei
 Greece
Gemma Cruz
 Philippines
1963 Carole Crawford
 Jamaica
Ieda Maria Vargas
 Brazil
Guðrún Bjarnadóttir
 Iceland
1962 Catharina Lodders
 Netherlands
Norma Beatriz Nolan
 Argentina
Tania Verstak
 Australia
1961 Rosemarie Frankland
 United Kingdom
Marlene Schmidt
 Germany
Stam van Baer
 Netherlands
1960 Norma Cappagli
 Argentina
Linda Bement
 USA
Stella Márquez
 Colombia
1959 Corine Rottschäfer
 Netherlands
Akiko Kojima
 Japan
No Pageant Held
(Founded 1960)
1958 Penelope Coelen
 South Africa
Luz Marina Zuluaga
 Colombia
1957 Marita Lindahl
 Finland
Gladys Zender
 Peru
1956 Petra Schürmann
 Germany
Carol Morris
 USA
1955 Susana Duijm
 Venezuela
Hillevi Rombin
 Sweden
1954 Antigone Costanda
 Egypt
Miriam Stevenson
 USA
1953 Denise Perrier
 France
Christiane Martel
 France
1952 May Louise Flodin
 Sweden
Armi Kuusela
 Finland
1951 Kiki Håkansson
 Sweden
No Pageant Held
(Founded 1952)

Big Four pageant winners by year[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sashfactor.info/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=2004
  2. ^ International Beauty Pageant Ranking
  3. ^ http://missosology.org/big4/
  4. ^ "Tianjin Miss World China Pageant comes to a close". China Daily. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "Miss Universe on August 23". Timesofmalta.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Pageant News Bureau – Miss World: A long, glittering history". Pageant.com. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  7. ^ Washington Post: Trump and Rosie Argue Over Miss USA
  8. ^ Miss Venezuela Stefania Fernandez is Miss Universe 2009
  9. ^ Miss Universe crown eludes Africa 55 times
  10. ^ Miss Universe Pageant Defends Credibility Amid Criticism Show is Degrading, Unprofessional
  11. ^ Channel-i to telecast Miss Universe 2004 live!
  12. ^ "Miss Germany Tops Beauties". The Hartford Courant. 14 August 1965. Retrieved 16 November 2010. Ingrid Fiffi Finger, was named Miss International Beauty Friday. 
  13. ^ History of Miss International. Miss-international.org. Retrieved on 2010-10-21.
  14. ^ rai samson. "Miss Earth® Foundation | About Us". Missearthfoundation.org. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  15. ^ a b "History". Missworld.com. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  16. ^ a b "Contestant Profiles". Miss Universe. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  17. ^ a b "Miss International Beauty Pageant 2014". Miss-international.org. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  18. ^ a b "The Miss Earth Pageant". Missearth.tv. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 

External links[edit]