Big Four international beauty pageants

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The Big Four is a term that refers to the four major international beauty pageants for women.[1][2] These are Miss World, Miss Universe, Miss International and Miss Earth.[3][4][5] The group was first described by the China Daily newspaper in 2004 as "the world's four major beauty contests",[6] and the Chosun Ilbo newspaper in 2010 described them as "the world's top four beauty pageants".[7]

The Big Four pageants[edit]

The Wall Street Journal,[1] BBC News,[8] and global news agencies such as Reuters,[9] Agence France-Presse,[10][11] collectively refer to the four major pageants as "Big Four" namely:

Miss World pageant is the oldest surviving major international beauty pageant.[12][13] It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951.[14][15] Since his death in 2000, Morley's wife, Julia Morley, co-chairs the pageant.[16][17]

Miss Universe is an annual international beauty contest that is run by the Miss Universe Organization.[18][19][20] The contest was founded in 1952 by California clothing company Pacific Mills.[21][22] The pageant became part of Kayser-Roth and then Gulf+Western Industries, before being acquired by Donald Trump in 1996 [23][24] and is currently owned by WME/IMG.[17][25]

Miss International, also called "Miss International Beauty".[26] The contestants are expected to serve as "Ambassadors of Peace and Beauty", showing tenderness, benevolence, friendship, beauty, intelligence, ability to take action, and great international sensibility. The ultimate goal of the Miss International beauty pageant is to promote world peace, goodwill, and understanding.[17][27][28]

Miss Earth is an annual pageant organised by Philippine-based Carousel Productions through the Miss Earth Foundation.[29][30] The non-profit organization aims to promote awareness levels and knowledge on current environmental issues and what actions can be done by power of broadcasting and other media campaigns globally where the annual winners are expected to spend a year delivering talks to schools and other organizations and work on projects with other institutions, including Greenpeace, World Wildlife Foundation, and United Nations Environment Program.[17][31][32][33]

Most victorious countries[edit]

The first country to win all four major international pageant titles was Brazil, when it won Miss Earth 2004.[34] Brazil has won two Miss Universe crowns, two Miss Earth crowns, one Miss World crown, and one Miss International crown.[35]

In winning Miss Earth 2005, Venezuela became the second country to win titles for each of the Big Four pageants. It has produced seven Miss Universe titles, seven Miss International titles, six Miss World titles, and two Miss Earth titles.[36] By winning Miss Earth 2013, Venezuela became the first country to win all four pageants multiple times.[37]

The third country to win all titles of the Big Four pageants was the Philippines after winning Miss World 2013.[38] The Philippines currently has six Miss International crowns, three Miss Universe crowns, three Miss Earth crowns, and one Miss World crown.[39] By winning Miss World 2013, Miss International 2013, Miss Earth 2014 and 2015, and Miss Universe 2015, the Philippines became the fastest country to win all four major titles by achieving the feat in a span of only three calendar years. And by winning Miss International 2016, the Philippines has the longest winning streak of any Asian country.[17] In a period of three days from October 27–29, 2016, Philippines is the only country who held three of the Big-4 crowns: Pia Wurtzbach was Miss Universe 2015 (until January 30, 2017), Kylie Verzosa is the newly crowned Miss International 2016 (October 27, 2016) and Angelia Ong was Miss Earth 2015 (until October 29, 2016). No other country has ever achieved such a feat before.

The following countries have won all the titles of the Big Four pageants:

COUNTRY MISS WORLD[35][40] MISS UNIVERSE[35][41] MISS INTERNATIONAL[35][42] MISS EARTH[35][43] # of WINS
Venezuela 1955, 1981, 1984, 1991, 1995, 2011[44] 1979, 1981, 1986, 1996,
2008, 2009, 2013
1985, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2010, 2015 2005, 2013 22
Philippines 2013 1969, 1973, 2015 1964, 1970, 1979, 2005, 2013, 2016[44] 2008, 2014, 2015 13
Brazil 1971 1963, 1968 1968 2004, 2009 6

Big Four pageant winners by year[edit]

Year Miss World[40] Miss Universe[41] Miss International[42] Miss Earth[43]
2016 Stephanie Del Valle
 Puerto Rico
Iris Mittenaere
 France
Kylie Verzosa
 Philippines
Katherine Espín
 Ecuador
2015 Mireia Lalaguna
 Spain
Pia Wurtzbach
 Philippines
Edymar Martínez
 Venezuela
Angelia Ong
 Philippines
2014 Rolene Strauss
 South Africa
Paulina Vega
 Colombia
Valerie Hernandez
 Puerto Rico
Jamie Herrell
 Philippines
2013 Megan Young
 Philippines
Gabriela Isler
 Venezuela
Bea Santiago
 Philippines
Alyz Henrich
 Venezuela
2012 Yu Wenxia
 China PR
Olivia Culpo
 USA
Ikumi Yoshimatsu
 Japan
Tereza Fajksova
 Czech Republic
2011 Ivian Sarcos
 Venezuela
Leila Lopes
 Angola
Fernanda Cornejo
 Ecuador
Olga Alava
 Ecuador
2010 Alexandria Mills
 United States
Ximena Navarrete
 Mexico
Elizabeth Mosquera
 Venezuela
Nicole Faria
 India
2009 Kaiane Aldorino
 Gibraltar
Stefania Fernandez
 Venezuela
Anagabriela Espinoza
 Mexico
Larissa Ramos
 Brazil
2008 Ksenia Sukhinova
 Russia
Dayana Mendoza
 Venezuela
Alejandra Andreu
 Spain
Karla Henry
 Philippines
2007 Zhang Zilin
 China PR
Riyo Mori
 Japan
Priscila Perales
 Mexico
Jessica Trisko
 Canada
2006 Taťána Kuchařová
 Czech Republic
Zuleyka Rivera
 Puerto Rico
Daniela di Giacomo
 Venezuela
Hil Hernández
 Chile
2005 Unnur Birna Vilhjálmsdóttir
 Iceland
Natalie Glebova
 Canada
Lara Quigaman
 Philippines
Alexandra Braun
 Venezuela
2004 María Julia Mantilla
 Peru
Jennifer Hawkins
 Australia
Jeymmy Vargas
 Colombia
Priscilla Meirelles
 Brazil
2003 Rosanna Davison
 Ireland
Amelia Vega
 Dominican Republic
Goizeder Azúa
 Venezuela
Dania Prince
 Honduras
2002 Azra Akın
 Turkey
Oxana Fedorova (dethroned)
 Russia
Justine Pasek
 Panama
Christina Sawaya
 Lebanon
Dzejla Glavovic (dethroned)
 Bosnia & Herzegovina
Winfred Omwakwe
 Kenya
2001 Agbani Darego
 Nigeria
Denise Quiñones
 Puerto Rico
Małgorzata Rożniecka
 Poland
Catharina Svensson
 Denmark
2000 Priyanka Chopra
 India
Lara Dutta
 India
Vivian Urdaneta
 Venezuela
No Pageant Held
(Founded 2001)
1999 Yukta Mookhey
 India
Mpule Kwelagobe
 Botswana
Paulina Gálvez
 Colombia
1998 Linor Abargil
 Israel
Wendy Fitzwilliam
 Trinidad & Tobago
Lía Victoria Borrero Gonzalez
 Panama
1997 Diana Hayden
 India
Brook Lee
 USA
Consuelo Adler
 Venezuela
1996 Irene Skliva
 Greece
Alicia Machado
 Venezuela
Fernanda Alves
 Portugal
1995 Jacqueline Aguilera
 Venezuela
Chelsi Smith
 USA
Anne Lena Hansen
 Norway
1994 Aishwarya Rai
 India
Sushmita Sen
 India
Christina Lekka
 Greece
1993 Lisa Hanna
 Jamaica
Dayanara Torres
 Puerto Rico
Agnieszka Pachałko
 Poland
1992 Julia Kourotchkina
 Russia
Michelle McLean
 Namibia
Kirsten Davidson
 Australia
1991 Ninibeth Leal
 Venezuela
Lupita Jones
 Mexico
Agnieszka Kotlarska
 Poland
1990 Gina Tolleson
 United States
Mona Grudt
 Norway
Silvia de Esteban
 Spain
1989 Aneta Kręglicka
 Poland
Angela Visser
 Netherlands
Iris Klein
 Germany
1988 Linda Pétursdóttir
 Iceland
Porntip Nakhirunkanok
 Thailand
Catherine Alexandra Gude
 Norway
1987 Ulla Weigerstorfer
 Austria
Cecilia Bolocco
 Chile
Laurie Tamara Simpson
 Puerto Rico
1986 Giselle Laronde
 Trinidad & Tobago
Bárbara Palacios Teyde
 Venezuela
Helen Fairbrother
 England
1985 Hólmfríður Karlsdóttir
 Iceland
Deborah Carthy Deu
 Puerto Rico
Nina Sicilia
 Venezuela
1984 Astrid Carolina Herrera
 Venezuela
Yvonne Ryding
 Sweden
Ilma Urrutia
 Guatemala
1983 Sarah-Jane Hutt
 United Kingdom
Lorraine Downes
 New Zealand
Gidget Sandoval
 Costa Rica
1982 Mariasela Álvarez
 Dominican Republic
Karen Baldwin
 Canada
Christie Ellen Claridge
 United States
1981 Pilín León
 Venezuela
Irene Sáez
 Venezuela
Jenny Annette Derek
 Australia
1980 Gabriella Brum (resigned)
 FRG
Kimberley Santos
 Guam
Shawn Weatherly
 USA
Lorna Chávez
 Costa Rica
1979 Gina Swainson
 Bermuda
Maritza Sayalero
 Venezuela
Melanie Marquez
 Philippines
1978 Silvana Suárez
 Argentina
Margaret Gardiner
 South Africa
Katherine Patricia Ruth
 United States
1977 Mary Stävin
 Sweden
Janelle Commissiong
 Trinidad & Tobago
Pilar Medina
 Spain
1976 Cindy Breakspeare
 Jamaica
Rina Messinger
 Israel
Sophie Perin
 France
1975 Wilnelia Merced
 Puerto Rico
Anne Marie Pohtamo
 Finland
Lidija Manić
 Yugoslavia
1974 Helen Morgan (resigned)
 United Kingdom
Anneline Kriel
 South Africa
Amparo Muñoz Quesada
 Spain
Karen Brucene Smith
 United States
1973 Marjorie Wallace
 United States
Margarita Moran
 Philippines
Anneli Björkling
 Finland
1972 Belinda Green
 Australia
Kerry Anne Wells
 Australia
Linda Hooks
 United Kingdom
1971 Lúcia Petterle
 Brazil
Georgina Rizk
 Lebanon
Jane Cheryl Hansen
 New Zealand
1970 Jennifer Hosten
 Grenada
Marisol Malaret
 Puerto Rico
Aurora Pijuan
 Philippines
1969 Eva Rueber-Staier
 Austria
Gloria Diaz
 Philippines
Valerie Susan Holmes
 United Kingdom
1968 Penelope Plummer
 Australia
Martha Vasconcellos
 Brazil
Maria da Glória Carvalho
 Brazil
1967 Madeline Hartog-Bel
 Peru
Sylvia Hitchcock
 USA
Mirta Teresita Massa
 Argentina
1966 Reita Faria
 India
Margareta Arvidsson
 Sweden
Cancelled
1965 Lesley Langley
 United Kingdom
Apasra Hongsakula
 Thailand
Ingrid Finger
 Germany
1964 Ann Sidney
 United Kingdom
Corinna Tsopei
 Greece
Gemma Cruz
 Philippines
1963 Carole Crawford
 Jamaica
Ieda Maria Vargas
 Brazil
Guðrún Bjarnadóttir
 Iceland
1962 Catharina Lodders
 Netherlands
Norma Beatriz Nolan
 Argentina
Tania Verstak
 Australia
1961 Rosemarie Frankland
 United Kingdom
Marlene Schmidt
 Germany
Stam van Baer
 Netherlands
1960 Norma Cappagli
 Argentina
Linda Bement
 USA
Stella Márquez
 Colombia
1959 Corine Rottschäfer
 Netherlands
Akiko Kojima
 Japan
No Pageant Held
(Founded 1960)
1958 Penelope Coelen
 South Africa
Luz Marina Zuluaga
 Colombia
1957 Marita Lindahl
 Finland
Gladys Zender
 Peru
1956 Petra Schürmann
 Germany
Carol Morris
 USA
1955 Susana Duijm
 Venezuela
Hillevi Rombin
 Sweden
1954 Antigone Costanda
 Egypt
Miriam Stevenson
 USA
1953 Denise Perrier
 France
Christiane Martel
 France
1952 May Louise Flodin
 Sweden
Armi Kuusela
 Finland
1951 Kiki Håkansson
 Sweden
No Pageant Held
(Founded 1952)

References[edit]

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External links[edit]