Big Pun in 1997
|Birth name||Christopher Lee Rios|
|Also known as||
November 10, 1971|
The Bronx, New York
|Died||February 7, 2000
White Plains, New York
Christopher Lee Rios (November 10, 1971 – February 7, 2000), better known by his stage name Big Pun (short for Big Punisher), was an American rapper. Emerging from the underground hip hop scene in The Bronx borough of New York City, in the early 1990s, he was the first Latino rapper to have an album certified platinum as a solo act. He first appeared on tracks from Fat Joe's second album "Jealous One's Envy" in 1995, and The Beatnuts' second album Stone Crazy in 1997, prior to signing to Loud Records as a solo artist. Pun's lyrics are notable for technical efficiency, having minimal pauses to take a breath, heavy use of alliteration as well as internal and multi-syllabic rhyming schemes. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest rappers of all time.
About.com ranked him #25 on its list of the 50 Greatest MCs of All Time, while MTV2 ranked him #11 on its list of the "22 Greatest MCs." In 2012, The Source ranked him #19 on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time. An article from Rolling Stone magazine states, "Pun embodied all of the traits of a master wordsmith: melody, a unique flow, an unforgettable voice, humor, and lyrics that made other MCs go back to their black and white composition notebooks."
- 1 Biography
- 2 Death
- 3 Posthumous works
- 4 Big Pun: The Legacy documentary
- 5 Discography
- 6 Filmography
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Rios was born on November 10, 1971 in The Bronx, New York City, United States, to parents of Puerto Rican descent. He grew up in the South Bronx neighborhood of the city. At the age of five, Rios broke his leg while playing in a park, which would later lead to a large settlement from the city. By all accounts from Pun's family, his early years were very difficult, including witnessing his mother's drug abuse and his father's death.
Career Beginnings 1992-1996
During the mid-1980s, he began writing rap lyrics. He later formed the underground rap group called Full-A-Clips which included rappers Lyrical Assassin, Joker Jamz and Toom. Rios made a number of recordings with the group in the early 90's, which have not been released. At this point Rios was operating under the alias Big Moon Dawg. After changing the alias to Big Punisher, Rios met fellow Puerto Rican and Bronx rapper Fat Joe in 1995 and made his commercial debut on Fat Joe's second album, Jealous One's Envy, in addition to appearing on the song, "Watch Out". He also appeared on The Beatnuts' song "Off the Books"
Capital Punishment 1997-1998
In 1996 Big Pun began recording songs for his debut album Capital Punishment. In 1997 producer Knobody's production partner Sean C took advantage of his new role as A&R at Loud Records to play Knobody's tracks to Big Pun. Suitably impressed the rapper hired Knobody to remix "I'm Not a Player". The remixed song, featuring Joe and titled "Still Not a Player", became Big Pun's first major mainstream hit and major breakthrough for Knobody. The full-length debut Capital Punishment followed in 1998, and became the first album by a solo Latino rapper to go platinum, peaking at #5 on the Billboard 200. Capital Punishment was also nominated for a Grammy.
The Terror Squad Collaboration Album 1999
Big Pun became a member of Terror Squad, a New York-based group of rappers founded by Fat Joe, with most of the roster supplied by the now-defunct Full-A-Clips who released their debut album The Album in 1999. The album did not fare well commercially but it was well received critically and the album was meant to start the foundation for all other Terror Squad members to release their solo projects.
Pun struggled with a weight problem for all of his adult life. His weight fluctuated in the early 1990s between obese and morbidly obese. Pun later enrolled in a weight-loss program in North Carolina in which he lost 80 pounds (36 kg), but he eventually quit the program before completing it, returning to New York and gaining back the weight he had lost.
On February 7, 2000, Big Pun suffered a fatal heart attack and respiratory failure while temporarily staying with his family at a Crowne Plaza Hotel in White Plains, New York, during a home renovation. Pun was pronounced dead at the hospital after paramedics could not revive him. Big Pun was at his highest weight at the time of his death: 698 pounds (317 kg). He was cremated a few days later. Big Pun is survived by his wife, Liza, and their three children, Amanda (born 1991), Vanessa (born 1993), and Christopher Jr. (born 1994).
His second album, Yeeeah Baby, completed after his death, was issued as scheduled in April 2000. It peaked at #3 on the Billboard charts and earned gold record status within three months of its release. A posthumous compilation album, Endangered Species, was released in April 2001. Endangered Species collected some of Pun's "greatest hits", previously unreleased material, numerous guest appearances, and remixed "greatest verses." As with his other albums, it also peaked in the top ten of the Billboard 200, reaching #7, but didn't sell as much as the previous Pun albums had.
Big Punisher was featured with Fat Joe on Duets: The Final Chapter, an album of tracks featuring the Notorious B.I.G., also deceased. The track "Get Your Grind On" begins with a Big Pun radio interview in which he said he would perform a duet with Biggie at the gates of heaven. Punisher was also featured on a track from the revived Terror Squad's second album, True Story, on the track "Bring 'Em Back" with Big L, also deceased.
On May 2, 2001, the New York City Council stalled plans to rename a small portion of Rogers Place in honor of Big Pun because of distaste over Big Pun's lyrics, which according to The New York Times "include profanity and references to violence and drug dealing".
Sony Music Entertainment has been considering releasing a second posthumous album featuring unreleased material, but the project is being delayed by Sony. Liza Rios also held an auction in 2005 for her deceased husband's Terror Squad medallion, citing financial difficulties in the wake of Pun's death, and again claiming to have not received any royalty checks for Pun's posthumous album sales (save for a small check from the sales of Endangered Species).
Big Pun: The Legacy documentary
A tribute documentary, Big Pun: The Legacy, was released on September 15, 2009. The film contains multiple interviews with artists, actors, close friends and others whose lives were touched by Big Pun, as well as rare exclusive performances and scene interviews with Big Pun himself. The film also features appearances by Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, Snoop Dogg, DMX, Method Man, U-God, Liza Rios, Xzibit, Cuban Link, Swizz Beatz, DJ Skribble, Chino XL, Redman, Papoose, Sticky Fingaz, Ghostface Killah, Raekwon, Killer Mike and many more. The film was directed by Vlad Yudin, and is distributed through Vivendi Universal and The Soundtrack is released through Legacy Recordings/Columbia Records.
- Studio album
1998: Capital Punishment
- Posthumous studio album
2000: Yeeeah Baby
- Collaboration album
- Compilation album
2001: Endangered Species
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions||Album|
|U.S.||U.S. R&B||U.S. Rap|
|1997||"I'm Not a Player"||57||19||3||Capital Punishment|
|1998||"Still Not a Player" (featuring Joe)||24||6||13|
|"You Came Up" (featuring Noreaga)||—||49||43|
|2000||"It's So Hard" (featuring Donell Jones)||75||19||11||Yeeeah Baby|
|"100%" (featuring Tony Sunshine)||—||64||—|
|2001||"How We Roll" (featuring Ashanti)||—||53||16||Endangered Species|
|2014||"Lyrically Fit (The Bigger They R)" (featuring Chris Rivers, Cormega, Shaquille O'Neal and Easy Mo Bee)||Bronx Legends Never Die EP|
As featured performer
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions||Album|
|US||US R&B||US Rap|
|1996||"Firewater" (Fat Joe featuring Big Pun, Raekwon, and Armaggedon)||—||116||—||Endangered Species|
|1997||"Off the Books" (The Beatnuts feat. Big Pun and Cuban Link)||86||52||12||Stone Crazy|
|"Some 1 2 Hold" (Veronica feat. Big Pun and Cuban Link)||—||101||—||Rise|
|1998||"Western Ways Part II" (Delinquent Habits feat. Big Pun and JuJu)||—||102||—||Here Come the Horns|
|"I'll Be Around" (Rah Sun feat. Big Pun and Deuce)||125||89||30||It's Not a Game|
|"Bet Ya Man Can't (Triz)" (Fat Joe feat. Big Pun, Cuban Link and Triple Seis)||—||54||37||Don Cartagena|
|1999||"From N.Y. to N.O." (Mr. Serv-On feat. Big Pun)||20||11||3||Da Next Level|
|"On Point" (Heavy D featuring 8Ball and Big Pun)||—||—||—||Heavy|
|2000||"Symphony 2000" (Truck feat. Big Pun, Kool G Rap and KRS-One)||—||—||35||Non-album single|
|"Feelin' So Good" (Jennifer Lopez feat. Fat Joe and Big Pun)||51||44||—||On the 6|
|1997||"I'm Not a Player"||David Perez Shadi|
|1998||"Twinz (Deep Cover '98)"||Chris Robinson|
|"Still Not a Player"||Darren Grant|
|"You Came Up"||Darren Grant|
|2000||"It's So Hard"||Chris Robinson|
|2001||"How We Roll"|
- Moesha (1998) - Himself (as Big Punisher)
- Thicker Than Water (1999) - Punny
- Urban Menace (1999) - Crow
- Whiteboyz (1999) - Don Flip Crew (uncredited)
- Boricua's Bond (2000) - Himself (as Big Punisher)
- Still Not a Player (2002) - Himself (archive footage)
- Big Pun Live (2002) - Himself (archive footage)
- Big Pun: The Legacy (2007) - Himself (archive footage)
- The Source. Books.google.com. 2010-11-05. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- Henry Adaso. "10 Great Rappers Who Died Too Young". About.com Entertainment.
- Top 50 MCs of Our Time: 1987 - 2007 - 50 Greatest Emcees of Our Time. Rap.about.com (1999-02-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- Mike, Trader. (2003-07-22) 22 Greatest MCs. Blogcritics. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- Valdes, Mimi (August 1998). "Pound for Pound". Vibe 6 (8): 108–111.
- Huey, Steve (2002). "Big Punisher > Biography". Retrieved 2008-12-20.
- "Big Pun Lawsuit". Dead Poetz Bio. Dead Poetz. Retrieved 2011-10-19.
- on YouTube
- Stavan, Ilan (July 29, 2014). Latin Music: Musicians, Genres, and Themes. ABC-CLIO. p. 332. ISBN 9780313343964.
- "Interview With Knobody". HitQuarters. September 27, 2005. Retrieved Jul 1, 2010.
- "Gold & Platinum - Big Pun". RIAA. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
- Pareles, Jon (2000-02-09). "Christopher Rios, 28, Rapper Recorded Under Name Big Punisher". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-20.
- Harling, Danielle (2013-06-05). "Chris Rivers". Hiphopdx.com. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- Juon, Steve (2005-12-20). "Notorious B.I.G: Duets: The Final Chapter". RapReviews.com. Retrieved 2008-12-20.
- Cardwell, Diane (2001-05-02). "Bronx: No Street For Big Pun". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-20.
- "Exclusive Hip Hop News, Audio, Lyrics, Videos, Honeys, Wear, Sneakers, Download Mixtapes". Hiphopgame.com. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- Producer Delays Release Of New Big Pun Album | Daily Hip-Hop News | SOHH.com /
- "Big Punisher > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". allmusic. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Western Ways Part II". Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles. Billboard. 1998-09-26. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "I'll Be Around". Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles. Billboard. 1998-09-26. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "I'll Be Around". Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs. Billboard. 1998-10-03. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "I'll Be Around". Hot Rap Singles. Billboard. 1998-11-07. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Symphony 2000". Hot Rap Singles. Billboard. 1999-10-30. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Chris Robinson". MVDBase.com. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- Grant, Darren (director); Big Pun (performer); Joe (performer) (2000). Still Not a Player (Music video). Loud Records.