|Founded||July 1, 1963|
|Commissioner||Tom Wistrcill (since November 16, 2018)|
|No. of teams||10 (+2 football affiliates)|
|Region||Western United States|
The Big Sky Conference (BSC) is a collegiate athletic conference affiliated with the NCAA's Division I with football competing in the Football Championship Subdivision. As of 2023[update], full member institutions are located in the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. Two affiliate members from California are football–only participants.
Initially conceived for basketball, the Big Sky was founded 60 years ago on July 1, 1963, with six members in four states; four of the charter members have been in the league from its founding, and a fifth returned in 2014 after an 18-year absence.
The name "Big Sky" came from the popular 1947 western novel by A. B. Guthrie Jr.; it was proposed by Harry Missildine, a sports columnist of the Spokesman-Review just prior to the founding meetings of the conference in Spokane in February 1963, and was adopted with the announcement of the new conference five days later.
Starting in 1968, the conference competed at the highest level (university division) in all sports except football (college division). The sole exception was Idaho, in the university division for football through 1977 (except 1967, 1968). Football moved to the new Division I-AA in 1978, which was renamed Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) in 2006.
Women's sports were added 35 years ago in 1988, moving from the women's-only Mountain West Athletic Conference (1982–88).
The 2012–13 season marked the completion of a half century of athletic competition and a quarter century sponsoring women's collegiate athletics. Before the season the league introduced a new logo to celebrate this.
The 25th season of women's athletics also marked a first for the league, as Portland State won the league's inaugural softball championship. From 1982 to 1988, women's sports were conducted in the Mountain West Athletic Conference.
The Big Sky sponsors championships in sixteen sports, including men's and women's cross country, golf, indoor and outdoor track and field, basketball, and tennis. There are also championships in football, and in women's volleyball, soccer, and softball. It is one of two Division I all-sports conferences to not sponsor baseball, the other being the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference.
Current full members
|Eastern Washington University||Cheney, Washington||1882||Public||12,607||$28.9||Eagles||1987|
|University of Idaho||Moscow, Idaho||1889||11,814||$461.4||Vandals||1963,
|Idaho State University||Pocatello, Idaho||1901||12,805||$75||Bengals||1963|
|University of Montana||Missoula, Montana||1893||10,104||$241.6||Grizzlies[b]||1963|
|Montana State University||Bozeman, Montana||1893||16,766||$232||Bobcats||1963|
|Northern Arizona University||Flagstaff, Arizona||1899||22,791||$225.9||Lumberjacks||1970|
|University of Northern Colorado||Greeley, Colorado||1889||12,862||$100.5||Bears||2006|
|Portland State University||Portland, Oregon||1946||27,285||$98||Vikings||1996|
|California State University, Sacramento||Sacramento, California||1947||31,181||$92.9||Hornets||1996|
|Weber State University||Ogden, Utah||1889||27,465||$219.5||Wildcats||1963|
|California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, California||1901||Public||21,812||Mustangs||2012||football||Big West (BWC)|
|University of California, Davis||Davis, California||1905||38,369||Aggies|
Former full members
|Boise State University||Boise, Idaho||1932||Public||26,155||Broncos||1970||1996||Big West (BWC)
|Mountain West (MW)|
|California State University, Northridge||Northridge, California||1958||38,511||Matadors||1996||2001||Big West (BWC)|
|Gonzaga University[a]||Spokane, Washington||1887||Catholic
|7,421||Bulldogs||1963||1979||West Coast (WCC)|
|University of Nevada||Reno, Nevada||1874||Public||21,034||Wolf Pack||1979||1992||Big West (BWC)
|Mountain West (MW)|
|University of North Dakota||Grand Forks, North Dakota||1883||13,772||Fighting Hawks||2012||2018||Summit|
|Southern Utah University||Cedar City, Utah||1897||14,330||Thunderbirds||2012||2022||Western (WAC)|
Former affiliate members
Big Sky sport
|Binghamton University, SUNY||Vestal, New York||1946||Public||17,768||Bearcats||2014||2023||men's golf||America East||Northeast (NEC)|
|University of Hartford||West Hartford, Connecticut||1877||Nonsectarian||6,792||Hawks||2014||2023||men's golf||Commonwealth Coast (CCC)[a]|
- Currently an NCAA Division III athletic conference.
Full members Assoc. members (football only) Full members (except football) Assoc. members (other sports) Other conference Other conference
NCAA Division I national championships as of 2021.
† Northern Arizona is the only Big Sky program to win D1 team national titles outside of the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS).
As of the 2022–23 school year, the Big Sky sponsors championships in seven men's and nine women's NCAA-sanctioned sports. Each core member institution is required to participate in all of the 13 core sports.
Men's core sports are basketball, cross country, football, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field, and tennis. Women's core sports are basketball, cross country, golf, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field, tennis, and volleyball.
Cal Poly and UC Davis participate as football-only affiliates, otherwise participating in the Big West Conference. The Mustangs and Aggies were welcomed by the BSC in September 2010 in response to both nationwide conference realignment and an expansion of the FCS playoff bracket at the time, according to then-commissioner Doug Fullerton.
Both Binghamton and Hartford of the America East Conference were affiliates in men's golf only from 2014 to 2023. Before the 2014–15 school year, the latter two schools had participated in men's golf alongside five full Big Sky members in the single-sport America Sky Conference. The return of Idaho brought the number of members participating in men's golf to six, which led to the Big Sky adding men's golf and absorbing the America Sky Conference. Both schools left after the 2022-23 athletic season, after Binghamton moved their program to the Northeast Conference and Hartford reclassified to Division III and joined the Commonwealth Coast Conference.
The Big Sky is unusual among Division I all-sports conferences in not sponsoring baseball, a distinction that it shares only with the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference, and which it held alone prior to the 2022–23 school year. The conference originally sponsored baseball in 1964, with all members participating. When Boise State and Northern Arizona arrived for the 1971 season, competition was split into two divisions of four teams each, with the winners in a best-of-three championship series. Montana State and Montana soon dropped the sport and by the 1973 season, only six teams remained but the divisions were kept, and Boise State moved over to the North Division for two years.
In May 1974, the Big Sky announced its intention to discontinue five of its ten sponsored sports. It retained football, basketball, cross-country, track, and wrestling, and dropped conference competition in baseball, golf, tennis, swimming, and skiing. Of the eleven Big Sky baseball titles, four each went to Idaho and Gonzaga, and three to Weber State. Gonzaga won the final title in 1974 over Idaho State in three games, after losing the first game in Pocatello. Southern division champion Idaho State chose to end its baseball program weeks following the conference's announcement, and Gonzaga, Idaho, and Boise State joined the new Northern Pacific Conference (NorPac) for baseball in 1975. Boise State and Idaho competed in the NorPac for six seasons, then discontinued baseball after the 1980 season.
In 2016, North Dakota announced in April that it was their last baseball season. Since then, only Northern Colorado and Sacramento State have competed in the sport, both as affiliate members in the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) until Northern Colorado baseball moved to the Summit League after the 2021 season.
Through the 1987 season, the conference sponsored wrestling. Boise State and Idaho State dominated in most years, winning ten and eight conference titles, respectively. BSU won seven consecutive from 1974 to 1980. Montana State and Weber State also had some good years; Montana won their only conference title in the last year Big Sky sponsored the sport.
|Track and field (Indoor)||
|Track and field (Outdoor)||
Men's sponsored sports by school
|Football||Golf||Tennis||Track and field
|Track and field
- Affiliates Cal Poly and UC Davis.
Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Sky Conference which are played by Big Sky schools:
|Northern Colorado||Summit||No||No||Big 12|
|Sacramento State||WAC||No||Big West||No|
Women's sponsored sports by school
|Golf||Soccer||Softball||Tennis||Track and field
|Track and field
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Sky Conference which are played by Big Sky schools:
|Sacramento State||Big West||MPSF||The American||No||No|
|School||Football stadium||Capacity||Basketball arena||Capacity|
|Cal Poly||Mustang Memorial Field||11,075||Football-only member|
|Eastern Washington||Roos Field||8,600||Reese Court||6,000|
|Idaho||Kibbie Dome||16,000||Idaho Central Credit Union Arena||4,200|
|Idaho State||Holt Arena||12,000||Reed Gym||3,040|
|Montana||Washington–Grizzly Stadium||25,203||Dahlberg Arena||7,321|
|Montana State||Bobcat Stadium||20,767||Brick Breeden Fieldhouse||7,250|
|Northern Arizona||Walkup Skydome||10,000||Walkup Skydome||7,000|
|Northern Colorado||Nottingham Field||8,533||Bank of Colorado Arena||2,992|
|Portland State||Hillsboro Stadium||7,600||Viking Pavilion||3,094|
|Sacramento State||Hornet Stadium||21,195||Hornets Nest||1,012|
|UC Davis||UC Davis Health Stadium||10,367||Football-only member|
|Weber State||Stewart Stadium||17,500||Dee Events Center||11,500|
Current NBA players
- Idaho and Idaho State
- Idaho and Montana
- Idaho State and Weber State
- Montana and Montana State
- Weber State and Southern Utah
- Eastern Washington and Montana
- Northern Arizona and Southern Utah
- Weber State and Utah State/Utah/BYU/Utah Valley
- Eastern Washington and Gonzaga
- Idaho and Washington State Cougars, Battle of the Palouse
- Idaho and Boise State
- Idaho State and Wyoming
- Montana and Wyoming
- Montana State and Wyoming
- Sacramento State and UC Davis
- Portland State and Portland
- Northern Colorado and Colorado State
- Northern Colorado and Denver
2021-22 Home Game Attendance Averages
(Includes Away Games)
Protected football rivalries
Because there are 12 teams in the conference, but each team only plays eight conference football games per year, the conference has set two "protected rivalry" games for each team. These rivalry match-ups are played every season, while football games against other conference teams are played twice every three years. Many of the protected rivalries are traditional, due to the teams either being in the same state or within close geographical proximity. As of July 2022, the following rivalries are protected through 2024.
|School||Rival 1||Rival 2|
|UC Davis||Cal Poly||Sacramento State|
|Cal Poly||UC Davis||Sacramento State|
|Eastern Washington||Idaho||Montana State|
|Idaho||Idaho State||Eastern Washington|
|Idaho State||Idaho||Weber State|
|Montana||Montana State||Portland State|
|Montana State||Montana||Eastern Washington|
|Northern Arizona||Weber State||Northern Colorado|
|Northern Colorado||Northern Arizona||Portland State|
|Portland State||Montana||Northern Colorado|
|Sacramento State||UC Davis||Cal Poly|
|Weber State||Idaho State||Northern Arizona|
|Cal Poly||UC Davis||1939||Battle for the Golden Horseshoe||UC Davis||UC Davis leads 22–20–2|
|Eastern Washington||Montana||1938||EWU-UM Governor's Cup||Eastern Washington||Montana leads 27–17–1|
|Eastern Washington||Portland State||1968||Dam Cup||Eastern Washington||Tied 20–20–1|
|Idaho||Idaho State||1916||Battle of the Domes||Idaho||Idaho leads 30–13|
|Idaho||Montana||1903||Little Brown Stein||Montana||Idaho leads 55–28–2|
|Montana||Montana State||1897||Brawl of the Wild||Montana||Montana leads 72–40–5|
|UC Davis||Sacramento State||1954||Causeway Classic||Sacramento State||UC Davis leads 46–21|
|Idaho||Boise State||1971||Governor's Cup||Boise State||Boise State leads 22–17-1||Last competed for in 2010|
|Idaho||Washington State||1894||Battle of the Palouse||Washington State||Washington State leads 73-16-3||Last played in 2022|
|Southern Utah||Northern Arizona||1983||Grand Canyon Rivalry||Northern Arizona||Northern Arizona leads 13–9||Last played in 2021|
|Southern Utah||Weber State||1984||Beehive Bowl||Weber State||Weber State leads 19–8||Last played in 2021|
- Jack Friel (1963–71)
- John Roning (1971–77)
- Steve Belko (1977–81)
- Ron Stephenson (1981–95)
- Doug Fullerton (1995–2016)
- Andrea Williams (2016–2018)
- Ron Loghry (interim, 2018)
- Tom Wistrcill (2018–present)
- Pullman, Washington (1963–1971)
- Boise, Idaho (1971–1995)
- Ogden, Utah (1995–2019)
- Farmington, Utah (2019–present)
Big Sky championships
|1964||Montana State||no tournament||—|
|1966||Weber State, Gonzaga||—|
|1967||Gonzaga, Montana State||—|
|1969||Weber State||West||1||Round of 16|
|1972||Weber State||West||1||Round of 16|
|1974||Idaho State (playoff over Montana)||West||0|
|1975||Montana||West||1||Round of 16|
|1976||Weber State, Boise State, Idaho State||Boise State||West||0|
|1977||Idaho State||Idaho State||West||2||Round of 8|
|1979||Weber State||Weber State||7||Midwest||1||Round of 32|
|1980||Weber State||Weber State||7||West||0|
|1982||Idaho||Idaho||3||West||1||Round of 16|
|1983||Nevada, Weber State||Weber State||9||West||0|
|1986||Northern Arizona, Montana||Montana State||16||West||0|
|1987||Montana State||Idaho State||16||West||0|
|1988||Boise State||Boise State||14||West||0|
|1994||Weber State, Idaho State||Boise State||14||West||0|
|1995||Weber State, Montana||Weber State||14||Southeast||1||Round of 32|
|1996||Montana State||Montana State||13||West||0|
|1998||Northern Arizona||Northern Arizona||15||West||0|
|1999||Weber State||Weber State||14||West||1||Round of 32|
|2000||Montana, Eastern Washington||Northern Arizona||15||West||0|
|2001||Cal State Northridge||Cal State Northridge||13||Midwest||0|
|2003||Weber State||Weber State||12||Midwest||0|
|2004||Eastern Washington||Eastern Washington||15||East||0|
|2006||Northern Arizona||Montana||12||Midwest||1||Round of 32|
|2007||Weber State, Northern Arizona||Weber State||15||West||0|
|2008||Portland State||Portland State||16||Midwest||0|
|2009||Weber State||Portland State||13||East||0|
|2011||Northern Colorado||Northern Colorado||15||West||0|
|2014||Weber State||Weber State||16||West||0|
|2015||Montana, Eastern Washington||Eastern Washington||13||South||0|
|2016||Weber State||Weber State||15||East||0|
|2017||North Dakota||North Dakota||15||West||0|
|2021||Southern Utah||Eastern Washington||14||West||0|
|2022||Montana State||Montana State||14||West||0|
|2023||Eastern Washington||Montana State||14||East||0|
- Prior to 1976, each NCAA regional had a third place game (won 1969; lost 1972, 1975)
- The only Big Sky team to reach the Elite Eight in the NCAA tournament was Idaho State in 1977
- The only Big Sky team to earn a bye in the NCAA tournament was Idaho in 1982
- Through 2023, the Big Sky has yet to have an at-large team in the NCAA tournament
Championships (by school)
|Cal State Northridge||1996–2001||1||1||2001|
The best finish by a Big Sky team came in 1977, when the Idaho State Bengals of Jim Killingsworth advanced to the Elite Eight, with a one-point upset of UCLA in the Sweet Sixteen in Provo, Utah. Two days later, the Bengals led UNLV by a point at halftime, but lost by seventeen and finished at 25–5.
Seeding was introduced in 1979 when it expanded to forty teams, and the highest seed granted a Big Sky team was in 1982: ranked eighth in the final polls with a 26–2 record, the Idaho Vandals under Don Monson were seeded third in the West regional. After a first round bye, they beat Lute Olson's Iowa Hawkeyes in nearby Pullman in overtime, but lost to second-seeded (and fourth-ranked) Oregon State in the regional semifinals (Sweet Sixteen), also played in Provo. (Idaho had defeated OSU by 22 points in December in the Far West Classic at Portland.)
Other Big Sky teams that advanced to regional semifinals (Sweet Sixteen) include the Weber State Wildcats in 1969 and 1972, when the total field was 25 teams, and the Montana Grizzlies under Jud Heathcote in the 32-team field in 1975. The Griz fell to UCLA by just three points, who went on to win another title in John Wooden's final year as head coach. (A year later, Heathcote was hired at Michigan State with Monson as an assistant for the first two years; in his third season, the Spartans won the national title in 1979.)
Since 1982, only three teams from the Big Sky have advanced within the NCAA tournament, and none past the round of 32. Weber State won in 1995 and 1999, coached by Ron Abegglen, and Montana in 2006, led by alumnus Larry Krystkowiak. Prior to Idaho in 1982, the Big Sky had been seeded seventh (Weber State, 1979 & 1980; and Idaho, 1981); the highest seed for the conference since 1982 is ninth (Weber State, 1983), and the highest since expanding to 64 teams in 1985 is twelfth (Weber State in 2003; Montana in 2006).
Through 2022, the Big Sky has yet to receive an at-large bid to the NCAA tournament. The first NIT appearance for the conference was Idaho in 1983; two Big Sky teams advanced to the NIT's round of 16: Weber State (1984) and Boise State (1987).
|Season||Tournament champion||Tournament Runner-Up|
|1999||Cal State Northridge||Portland State|
|2000||Montana||Cal State Northridge|
|2002||Weber State||Montana State|
|2003||Weber State||Montana State|
|2006||Northern Arizona||Weber State|
|2007||Idaho State||Northern Arizona|
|2010||Portland State||Montana State|
|2012||Idaho State||Northern Colorado|
|2017||Montana State||Idaho State|
|2019||Portland State||Eastern Washington|
|2022||Montana State||Northern Arizona|
- Mountain West Athletic Conference (MWAC) through 1988 season
Bold = National Champions
Football championships (by school)
|School||member years||total titles||Last won|
|Cal State Northridge||1996–2001||0|
All-time school records by wins for current teams
This list goes through the 2020 season.
This list includes former member North Dakota and excludes current member Idaho. Records do not match NCAA record book.
Overall Big Sky Conference champions
|Boise State Broncos (1970–1996)||Cal State Northridge Matadors (1996–2001)||Eastern Washington Eagles (1987– )||Gonzaga Bulldogs (1963–1979)||Idaho State Bengals (1963– )||Montana State Bobcats (1963– )||Northern Arizona Lumberjacks (1970– )||Portland State Vikings (1996– )||Sacramento State Hornets (1996– )||Idaho Vandals (1963–1996)||Nevada Wolf Pack (1979–1992)||Northern Colorado Bears (2006– )||Montana Grizzlies (1963– )||Weber State Wildcats (1963– )|
|Women's Basketball (RS/Tourn)||1/0||1/1||1/1||–||3/3||3/1||1/1||1/1||–||1/1||–||1/0||21/20||2/2|
|Men's Cross Country||2||–||–||–||5||2||18||–||–||2||3||–||8||7|
|Women's Cross Country||–||–||–||–||–||4||15||–||–||1||–||–||2||4|
|Men's Indoor Track and Field||2||–||–||–||5||–||12||–||2||1||1||–||–||5|
|Women's Indoor Track and Field||6||3||–||–||1||1||7||–||2||1||–||–||1||4|
|Men's Outdoor Track and Field||1||–||–||–||12||1||15||–||–||4||2||–||1||9|
|Women's Outdoor Track and Field||6||3||–||–||1||1||7||–||3||1||–||–||1||5|
|Men's Swimming (1963–74)||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||2||–||–||8||–|
|Men's Skiing (1963–74)||1||–||–||–||–||4||–||–||–||2||–||–||3||–|
- "Idaho, six others study basketball league". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. June 1, 1962. p. 8.
- "Six intermountain colleges move toward athletic ties". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. October 30, 1962. p. 8.
- "Teams meet in basketball". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. November 25, 1962. p. 6, sports.
- Missildine, Harry (February 26, 1963). "Six western schools create Big Sky athletic conference". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). p. 12.
- "Big Sky is ready for league action". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). February 26, 1963. p. 13.
- Missildine, Harry (February 20, 1963). "The conference should band smoothly". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). p. 12.
- "Officials view sports loop". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). February 25, 1963. p. 13.
- "Big Sky steps up". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). May 24, 1968. p. 12.
- "Idaho off probation, loop titles dwindle". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). May 5, 1974. p. 13.
- "Baseball axed in Big Sky". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). May 29, 1974. p. 15.
- [httsp://bigskyconf.com/story.aspx?filename=gen_0530133147&file_date=5/30/2013&path=general "Big Sky Set to Celebrate Anniversaries"]. Big Sky Conference. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- "Big Sky Conference". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- Voisinavoisin, Ailene (September 8, 2010). "Big Sky, horizons open for UCD". The Sacramento Bee. pp. C1.
- Aird, Donovan (September 8, 2010). "Big Sky felt it needed to make a statement in conference realignment". The Tribune (San Luis Obispo, CA). pp. S1.
- Burton, Roy (June 4, 2014). "WSU joins friends/foes as Big Sky brings back men's golf". Standard-Examiner. Ogden, Utah. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Big Sky baseball: split loop planned". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). May 19, 1970. p. 13.
- "Vandals list baseball play". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). January 28, 1971. p. 22.
- "Big Sky baseball altered; MSU out, NAU in playoffs". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. May 19, 1971. p. 13.
- "Key games: Big Sky Conference". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). April 23, 1973. p. 17.
- "Vandals Arizona-bound". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). May 29, 1969. p. 13.
- "Baseball champions". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "Gonzaga blasts ISU for conference title". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). May 22, 1974. p. 15.
- "Idaho (State) drops baseball". Ellensburg Daily Record. (Washington). June 5, 1974. p. 9.
- "Idaho, Gonzaga join new baseball circuit". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. June 24, 1974. p. 16.
- "Boise State drops baseball program". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. May 6, 1980. p. C1.
- Goodwin, Dale (May 13, 1980). "Baseball's 'out' at Idaho". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). p. 19.
- "UND to reduce number of sports after 2015-16 season". University of North Dakota. Archived from the original on June 30, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- "Gameday at Northern Colorado". University of Northern Colorado. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
Stadium Capacity: 8,533
- "The Nest-Basketball, Volleyball, Gymnastics". Sacramento State Athletics. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- "Damian Lillard | Portland Trail Blazers | NBA.com". NBA.com. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
- "2021-2022 NCAA MBB Overall (PDF) – Big Sky Conference". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
- "Big Sky Announces Future Football League Schedules for 2022-24". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
- "Big Sky shakes up protected football rivalries". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. August 5, 2021. Retrieved December 26, 2022.
- Gogola, Frank (July 31, 2021). "Montana, Montana State get new protected rivals in Big Sky Conference play for 2022-24 seasons". 406 MT Sports. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
- "Friel named Big Sky loop commissioner". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. June 8, 1963. p. 2.
- "Frosh can play Sky frosh grid sport: but not Idaho". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. November 25, 1970. p. 12.
- Payne, Bob (May 19, 1971). "New Big Sky commissioner Roning sees fine future". Spokesman-Review. p. 10.
- Newnham, Blaine (January 6, 1977). "A chance in the Sky". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 1C.
- "New Big Sky boss balks at expansion". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. May 21, 1981. p. 26.
- "Changing Big Sky prepares for final fling". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Associated Press. September 1, 1995. p. 1B.
- Staff, Missoulian. "Big Sky commissioner Doug Fullerton to retire in June". Missoulian.com. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- "Big Sky announces new commissioner". Big Sky Conference. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "Coaching Legend Would Have Loved Today's Basketball Team | CAHNRS Alumni & Development | Washington State University".
- "Big Sky Conference Moves League Office to Farmington". Big Sky Conference.
- "2020 NCAA Football Records (FCS Records)" (PDF).