Big Stone County, Minnesota

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Big Stone County, Minnesota
Big Stone County Courthouse.jpg
Big Stone County Courthouse in Ortonville, Minnesota.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Big Stone County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1862 (created)
1874 (organized)[1]
Named for Big Stone Lake
Seat Ortonville
Largest city Ortonville
Area
 • Total 528 sq mi (1,368 km2)
 • Land 499 sq mi (1,292 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (75 km2), 5.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 5,050
 • Density 11/sq mi (4/km2)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.bigstonecounty.org

Big Stone County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,269.[2] Its county seat is Ortonville.[3]

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1862 and organized in 1874.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 528 square miles (1,370 km2), of which 499 square miles (1,290 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (5.5%) is water.[5]

Soils of Big Stone County[6]

Lakes[edit]

Source: United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Ortonville, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Ortonville have ranged from a low of 1 °F (−17 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −44 °F (−42 °C) was recorded in February 1994 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.43 inches (11 mm) in December to 3.85 inches (98 mm) in July.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
187024
18803,68815,266.7%
18905,72255.2%
19008,73152.6%
19109,3677.3%
19209,7664.3%
19309,8380.7%
194010,4476.2%
19509,607−8.0%
19608,954−6.8%
19707,941−11.3%
19807,716−2.8%
19906,285−18.5%
20005,820−7.4%
20105,269−9.5%
Est. 20165,050[9]−4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the 2000 census,[14] there were 5,820 people, 2,377 households, and 1,611 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,171 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.44% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.34% from two or more races. 0.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.7% were of German, 21.0% Norwegian, 8.0% Swedish and 6.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 2,377 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 5.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 21.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,721, and the median income for a family was $37,354. Males had a median income of $27,857 versus $20,123 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,708. About 7.80% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 58.4% 1,608 33.4% 921 8.2% 226
2012 49.7% 1,385 48.2% 1,345 2.1% 59
2008 45.6% 1,362 51.9% 1,552 2.5% 76
2004 48.4% 1,483 50.1% 1,536 1.6% 48
2000 46.0% 1,370 48.0% 1,430 6.0% 180
1996 33.0% 990 54.0% 1,619 13.1% 392
1992 30.8% 1,052 47.1% 1,610 22.2% 758
1988 41.7% 1,469 57.5% 2,026 0.9% 31
1984 47.3% 1,821 51.8% 1,994 0.8% 32
1980 47.7% 1,950 44.3% 1,814 8.0% 327
1976 33.2% 1,332 64.4% 2,581 2.4% 94
1972 43.5% 1,748 54.4% 2,185 2.1% 84
1968 41.7% 1,645 53.7% 2,119 4.6% 182
1964 31.9% 1,331 67.9% 2,831 0.2% 10
1960 42.8% 1,834 56.9% 2,437 0.3% 11
1956 44.3% 1,737 55.5% 2,180 0.2% 8
1952 51.5% 2,260 48.0% 2,107 0.6% 25
1948 34.0% 1,321 63.5% 2,466 2.6% 99
1944 42.9% 1,608 56.5% 2,120 0.6% 24
1940 43.0% 1,925 56.2% 2,517 0.9% 40
1936 27.9% 1,116 66.2% 2,648 5.9% 235
1932 21.0% 868 77.4% 3,200 1.6% 68
1928 43.2% 1,641 56.2% 2,133 0.7% 25
1924 46.1% 1,524 7.9% 260 46.0% 1,519
1920 78.2% 2,415 14.6% 451 7.3% 224
1916 44.9% 810 48.1% 869 7.0% 126
1912 14.6% 244 40.4% 677 45.1% 755[16]
1908 57.8% 965 33.8% 565 8.4% 140
1904 73.1% 1,234 18.8% 318 8.1% 136
1900 59.3% 1,081 35.3% 644 5.4% 99
1896 55.7% 1,048 39.5% 742 4.8% 91
1892 41.7% 576 36.0% 498 22.3% 308

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 53. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65 - 67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  7. ^ "United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles". Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. 
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Ortonville, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 591 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 98 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 62 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 4 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°26′N 96°25′W / 45.43°N 96.41°W / 45.43; -96.41