Big Valley Rancheria
The Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo and Pit River Indians, with a reservation located in Lake County, California, near the town of Finley. They conduct tribal business from Lakeport, California.
The tribe formed its current governmental system under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1935 and ratified its constitution on 15 January 1936. Tribal membership is open to any descendant of the tribal members listed on the official 1935 census rolls, regardless of blood quantum. Today tribal enrollment is estimated to be 225.
The traditional language of the tribe is Eastern Pomo, also known as Bahtssal or Clear Lake Pomo. The tribe has been able to hold Eastern Pomo language classes, bring together elders with younger tribal members for lessons, and document elders speaking both in audio and video recordings.
Economic development for the tribe has been possible through the creation of the Konocti Vista Casino, which is located near Lakeport, on the shores of Clear Lake. The Big Valley Band also owns a hotel, marina, RV park, the Ku-Hu-Gui Cafe, and the Point Bar as part of the casino resort.
The tribe has an annual Tule Boat Festival with boat building, environmental programs and races among the participating tribes.
Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians is a self-governing Native American tribe, with four active members on tribal council. Council positions include; Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Treasurer, and Secretary. The tribe is federally recognized, with an estimated 696 members. Tribal government has the power to write and enforce its own ordinances; such as, regulation of commerce, tax, and set up judiciary and police enforcement systems and other powers delegated to local government. The tribe often models its own government after that of the local county government. Being that the tribe is in close proximity to the ocean, they work closely with the EPA to ensure that their lands are maintained.
Language and Traditions
The tribe speaks Eastern Pomo Language also known as Bahtssal, which was bordered by Patwin and Yuki languages. Very few fluent speakers remain. The tribe is providing continuous efforts to revitalize and maintain their language. Further history of language can be found here. The tribe also participates in an annual Tule Boat Festival, which began in 2001 and is now on its 15th year. The festival exhibits the tradition of gathering supplies, building the boat, and ultimately uniting a community to come together and teach those around them. The festival includes multiple racing teams and divisions, providing an opportunity for all community members to race.
Big Valley Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians is a self-sustaining tribe. They offer many opportunities to support their tribal community; such as job opportunities, volunteer hours, tribal youth programs, housing, transportation and more. The tribe also owns a casino, hotel, RV park, camp ground, and smoke shop.
- California Indians and Their Reservations. Archived 2010-01-10 at the Wayback Machine San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2009 (retrieved 24 Feb 2009)
- Constitution and By-Laws for the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria 1 April 1935 (retrieved 24 Feb 2009)
- Eastern Pomo Language. Archived 2012-10-02 at the Wayback Machine Big Valley Rancheria. 2003 (retrieved 24 Feb 2009)
- Konocti Vista Casino Resort, Marina and RV Park. 500 Nations. (retrieved 24 Feb 2009)
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Big Valley Rancheria
- Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians
- Constitution and By-Laws for the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria