Big crested mastiff bat

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Big crested mastiff bat
Promops centralis.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Molossidae
Genus: Promops
Species:
P. centralis
Binomial name
Promops centralis
Thomas, 1915
Promops centralis map.svg

The big crested mastiff bat (Promops centralis), is a bat species from South and Central America.

Taxonomy[edit]

It was described as a new species in 1915 by British zoologist Oldfield Thomas. The holotype had been collected by George F. Gaumer, and was presented to Thomas via Osbert Salvin.[2]

Description[edit]

It can be differentiated from the other species of Promops, the brown mastiff bat, by its longer forearm. The brown mastiff bat has a forearm length less than 50 mm (2.0 in), while the big crested mastiff bat has one greater than 51.5 mm (2.03 in). It has a dental formula of 1.1.2.32.1.2.3 for a total of 30 teeth.[3]

Biology and ecology[edit]

It is a social animal, roosting in small colonies of up to 6 individuals during the day. These roosts consist of the space underneath tree bark, the undersides of palm leaves, or tree hollows.[3] It navigates and detects prey using echolocation. Its search calls have an average duration of 20.6 ms, with a starting frequency of 23.0 kHz, an ending frequency of 25.6 kHz, and a peak frequency of 24.7 kHz.[4]

Range and habitat[edit]

The big crested mastiff bat is found in Central and South America. It is found in the following countries: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. It is found at a range of elevations, from sea level to 1,800 m (5,900 ft) above sea level.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Solari, S. (2019). "Promops centralis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2019: e.T88087651A22036112. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T88087651A22036112.en.
  2. ^ Thomas, Oldfield (1915). "The Annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany, and geology". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 16 (91): 61–64. doi:10.1080/00222931508693686.
  3. ^ a b Gardner, A. L. (2008). Mammals of South America, Volume 1: Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats. 1. University of Chicago Press. p. 434–435. ISBN 978-0226282428.
  4. ^ González-Terrazas, Tania P.; Víquez, Luis R.; Ibarra-Macías, Ana; Ruíz, Adrián Tonatiuh; Torres-Knoop, Leonora; Jung, Kirsten; Tschapka, Marco; Medellín, Rodrigo A. (2016). "New records and range extension of Promops centralis (Chiroptera: Molossidae)". Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad. 87 (4): 1407–1411. doi:10.1016/j.rmb.2016.10.008.