Big hair is a term that can refer to hairstyles that emphasize large volume or largely styled hair, especially when those styles make the hair occupy a large amount of space above and around the head. The label "big hair" for such styles originated in the late 1970s, when these styles were beginning a period of popularity; the label has been applied to similar styles that have become fashionable at various periods in history.
Actresses like Raquel Welch, Brigitte Bardot and Jane Fonda became big-haired icons in the early sixties through seventies. Women's hairstyles labelled as "big hair" became fashionable during this period, with a poster of actress Farrah Fawcett becoming an iconic example. The fashion persisted with certain regional subcultures in the southern United States, and the styles are sometimes also associated with female country music performers. It is also associated with the exaggerated stereotypical femininity associated with drag queens and similar gender performers.
For both genders, big hair became popular in the 1980s. The term is also used in the punk, glam, goth and alternative cultures and is particularly associated with fashion of the 1970s, 1980s, and early 1990s, or inspired by the period. From these origins, big hair became a feature of a number of Japanese street and alternative fashions, including Harajuku and ganguro. In the mid-1980s, rising pop star Madonna also had big hair when posing for Time Magazine photographed by Francesco Scavullo. Soon, many women emulated her look, making her one of the most iconic celebrities in 1980s fashion.
Depending on the specific style, hairstyles in the big hair categories may require a number of styling, cutting, or treatment techniques. Styling of punk and alternative big hair styles often requires backcombing (teasing) and the liberal application of styling aids such as hair spray and hair gel, often in combination with the use of hair dryers. Crimping irons, perms, hair rollers, or other techniques may also be required.
Naturally voluminous hair
Many people of various ethnicities throughout the world have naturally voluminous hair. For these people, "big hair" is not a deliberate fashion statement requiring any particular technique to achieve, but rather the default state of their hair. Some 60 percent of the world's population has naturally curly hair, which tends to be more voluminous than straight hair.
Big hair is commonly seen as artificial or trendy by white people, of whom only 15 percent have curly hair. This has often led to misunderstandings and even discrimination based on hair texture. In 2013, for example, 12-year-old Vanessa VanDyke was threatened with expulsion for wearing her hair in its natural state. School officials claimed her voluminous hair was a "distraction." In some Asian communities where the majority of people have straight hair, voluminous curly or afro-textured hair may also be seen as an oddity.
Big Hair, Don't Care, a children's book by Crystal Swain-Bates and Megan Bair, was published by Goldest Karat Publishing in 2013. The book is designed to improve self-esteem and confidence among children with naturally voluminous hair.
- "Big hair", entry in Merriam-Webster Online, accessed March 23, 2010.
- Beauty Launchpad. (2013, November 21). Hair Through History: 9 Hairstyles that Defined the 1960's. Retrieved February 22, 2017, from 
- Boldrini, Giovanna. 7 Big-Haired Beauties Of The 60s and 70s Will Make You Yearn For The Past!! Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- Oliver, Dana. (2013). 1960s Hair Icons Who Taught Us Everything About Big Hair. The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- Innes-Smith, below
- Skip Hollandsworth, "Hooray for Big Hair", Texas Monthly, December 1992, pp. 122 et. seq.
- "....tits, big hair, lots of make-up and a dick", Kate Bornstein, interview by Shannon Bell, in "Kate Bornstein: A Transgender Transsexual Postmodern Tiresias", Mental Backup p.3.
- James Innes-Smith, Big Hair (Bloomsbury USA, 2003; ISBN 1-58234-449-3)
- Tiffany Godoy and Ivan Vartanian, Style Deficit Disorder: Harajuku Street Fashion - Tokyo (Chronicle Books, 2007; ISBN 0-8118-5796-4)
- Innes-Smith, above
- "The Curly Hair Gene: Fact or Fiction?". Naturally Curly.
- "Genes and Hair Curl". GB HealthWatch.
- "Florida school threatens to expel student over ‘natural hair’". MSNBC. November 26, 2013.
- Sintumuang, Kevin (November 12, 2006). "The Curly Cue". The Washington Post.
- "Social Experiment: The Superficiality of the Chinese Culture". Chocolate Chick in China: The Adventures of an English Teacher in China. April 9, 2015.
- Swain-Bates, Crystal; Bair, Megan (2013). Big Hair, Don't Care. Goldest Karat Publishing. ISBN 9781939509109.
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