Bihar Legislative Assembly

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Bihar Legislative Assembly
16th Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Leader of Assembly
Nitish KumarJD(U)
Since 20 November 2015
Leader of Opposition
Nand Kishore YadavBJP
Since 8 November 2015
Deputy CM
Tejashwi YadavRJD
Since 20 November 2015
Seats 243
Political groups

Grand Alliance

JD(U) (71)
RJD (80)

INC (27)
Political groups


BJP (53)
LJP (2)
RLSP (2)
HAM (1)

CPI(ML) Liberation (3)

Independent (4)[1]
Last election
12 October to 5 November 2015
Next election
Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2020
Meeting place
The Bihar State Assembly

The Bihar Vidhan Sabha (Hindi: बिहार विधानसभा), also known as the Bihar Legislative Assembly, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.


The Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937. The Assembly had a strength of 152 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr Sri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the House and the Chief Minister and Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha was elected the first Deputy Leader of the Assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 324 to 243 members. The current Nitish Kumar government is a minority, powered by the Congress, RJD and CPI to majority status.


The Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people.

There are three sessions (Budget, Monsoon, Winter) every year.

Current assembly[edit]

Current assembly elections were held in October–November 2015.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cabinet expansion not needed: JD(U)". The Times of India. 13 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-10. 

External links[edit]