Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited

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Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited (formerly Bihar State Electricity Board)
Statutory Board
IndustryGeneration, Transmission & Distribution of Electricity
HeadquartersVidyut Bhawan, Bailey Road, Patna, India
Area served
Key people
Pratyaya Amrit, IAS
(Chairman & Managing Director)
Number of employees
14,850 (2012)
ParentEnergy Department, Government of Bihar

Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited (BSPHCL), formerly Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) is a state-owned electricity regulation board operating within the state of Bihar in India.[1][2] Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) was established in 1958 as a statutory corporation under the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948. As of November 2012, BSEB has nearly 1,700 officers and 14,850 employees. The derated capacity comes to just 530 MW. The BSEB was unbundeled on August 2, 2011.[3] Power Finance Corporation was the main consultant for BSEB's restructuring.[4][5]

BSEB formally started functioning as 5 companies on 01 November 2012 namely:

Electricity generation capacity in Bihar[edit]

The installed electricity generation capacity in Bihar was 3832.54 MW on August 31, 2015. This is 10% of India’s power capacity and 25% of the East India.[9] Bihar reported a peak power demand of 3,500 MW in 2014-15. The per capita power consumption in Bihar is 144 kilo watt hour (kwh), 85% lower than the all-India average of 927 kwh. Peak power availability in Bihar was lowest at 4000 MW in 2014-15.[10]

Thermal power plants in Bihar[edit]

On 17 April 2018, Bihar state cabinet, headed by chief minister Nitish Kumar, gave its nod to handing over of Barauni Thermal Power Station, Kanti Thermal Power Station and Nabinagar Supercritical Thermal Power Project to National Thermal Power Corporation.[11]

Barauni Thermal Power Station[edit]

Unit No. 1, 2 & 3 of 15MW each and Unit No. 4 & 5 of 50 MW each are retired as they are very old to be maintained.[12]

Unit 6 of 110 MW is under renovation and maintenance being executed by Bharat Heavy Electricals which also originally supplied equipments for units 6 & 7. Unit 7 too was renovated by BHEL and is now operational.[13]

There is an ongoing plan for new capacity addition of 500 MW (2x250 MW) to this plant. In March 2013, Central Government assured to provide coal linkage to Barauni Thermal Power Plant.[14]

New Unit 8 of 250MW was inaugurated in January 2018. Unit 9 of 250MW is expected to be operational by June 2018.

Kanti Thermal Power Station[edit]

MTPS is located in Kanti, Muzaffarpur. It is now a joint venture of BSEB and NTPC since 2006.

Unit 1 & 2 of 110 MW originally commissioned in 1985-86 and went down in 2002-2003 are under renovation which being executed by Bharat Heavy Electricals which was also originally supplied equipments these two units. Unit-1 got renovated and is working at full capacity since November 2013.

There is plan for new capacity addition of 390 MW (2x195 MW) to this plant as part of stage-2. The stage-2 is under implementation. The plant is now renamed as George Fernandes Thermal Power Plant Station(GFTPS).[15][16]

NTPC Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station[edit]

This 2340 MW (4x210 MW, 3x500 MW) NTPC plant is located in Kahalgaon, Bhagalpur, Bihar.

NTPC Barh Super Thermal Power Plant[edit]

Around 3,300MW of coal-generated power is being added at Barh near Patna in Bihar, India. Barh has been named a mega power project, and is owned by Indian energy company NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation). The project comprises two stages. The EPC contractor for State-1 of 1,980MW (3x660 MW) is Russian firm TPE, and for Stage-2 of 1,320MW (2x660 MW) is BHEL. Stage-1 being built with equipment from TPE is delayed as TPE is asking for more money. In November, 2013, 660 MW unit of state-2 being built by BHEL got synchronised with the grid.[17] Commercial operation started in November 2014 after resolving faults.

Nabinagar Super Thermal Power Project[edit]

Nabinagar Power Generation Company Ltd(NPGCL), a 50:50 joint venture of NTPC Ltd and BSEB, is setting up the 4,380 MW (660 MW X 3),[18] which will start generating electricity from December 2017. The project's generation capacity initially was to be 3960 MW but in 2016, the production capacity was increased to 4380 MW.[19] Nabinagar Supercritical Thermal Power Project (STPP) in Nabinagar, Aurangabad, Bihar.[20][21][22] BHEL won a 2,854-crore contract for supply of the steam generator package for three coal-fired thermal units of 660 MW each with supercritical parameters.TRF Ltd, a Tata Group company, has won a 360.47-crore order from Nabinagar Power Generating Company Pvt. Ltd for designing, engineering, manufacturing, supplying, erecting, testing and commissioning of a coal handling plant for a 3 x 660MW coal-based super thermal power project coming up at Nabinagar. The coal handling plant will be designed to run at a capacity of 3,630 tonne per hour. In March 2013, Alstom was awarded a contract worth approximately $115 million by Bharat Heavy BHEL, to supply components for three units of 660 MW supercritical boilers of NPGCL.Alstom India will supply transformers for NTPC’s Supercritical Nabinagar Power Project, by winning a Rs 105 crore order that covers design, engineering, manufacture, supply, testing, erection and commissioning of generator transformers and associated power transformers and shunt reactor. The Nabingar power transformer package is due to be delivered by October 2017.[23]

Hydel power stations in Bihar[edit]

Koshi Hydel Power Station[edit]

Koshi Hydel Power Station which has an installed capacity of 19.2 MW (4x4.8) has been handed over to Bihar State Hydel Power Corporation on Nov 11, 2003.

Bihar Grid Company Limited[edit]

Bihar Grid Company Limited (BGCL) is a joint venture of Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited (BSPHCL) and Power Grid Corporation[24] to expand and strengthen electricity transmission in Bihar.[25][26]

Power grids in Patna[edit]

  • Fatuha (150MVA)
  • Khagaul (150MVA)
  • Mithapur (100MVA)
  • Gaighat (100MVA)
  • Katra (100MVA)
  • Jakkanpur (170MVA)
  • Digha (100MVA)
  • Sipara (100MVA)
  • Karbigahiya (132/33 KV)[27]

There are 45 power sub-stations.[28][29] The eight grids supply around 500MW of power to the state capital.[30]

Power grid substations in North Bihar[edit]

  • Muzaffarpur (400/ 220kV)
  • Purnia (400/220kV)
  • Kishanganj (220/132kV)
  • Gopalganj (220/132KV)
  • Areraj - East Champaran (400/132kV)
  • Darbhanga (400/220kV)

There are six grid substations in North Bihar.[31]

Forthcoming Power plants in Bihar[edit]

  • The first private sector thermal plant in Bihar will become operational by April 2014. The first unit of (2×640 MW) thermal power plant, situated near Bausa block in Banka district is being constructed by M/s JAS Infrastructure Capital Pvt Ltd.
  • Central Electricity Authority has recommended setting up of Bihar's first 4,000 MW ultra mega power project at Kakwara in Banka district.
  • Bihar government has reiterated its resolution to make the state self-sufficient in power by 2015.[32][33][34]
  • Three, 1320 MW thermal power plants at Chausa (Buxar), Kajra and Pirpaiti (Bhagalpur) are in various stages of constructions.[35]
  • Chausa Power Plant in Buxar district is facing land acquisition related problem as of August 2014.[36] Satluj Jalvidhyut Nigam is establishing a 1230 MW thermal power unit at Chausa in Buxar district.[37]

Other projects[edit]

Upcoming Bihar thermal power plants

   JAS Infrastructure Capital Pvt. Ltd (2 x 640 MW )
   Siriya, Banka district, Bihar
   Nalanda Power (2000 MW )
   Pipranait South, Bhagalpur District
   Kanti Bijlee Utpadan Nigam (2×250 MW)
   Stage II - Kanti,
   Muzafarpur district
   Bihar State Electricity Board (2×250 MW)
   Barauni, Begusarai district, Bihar
   Piranpaiti Bijilee (2×660 MW)
   Piranpaiti, Bhagalpur district
   Lakhisarai Bijilee (2×660 MW)
   Kajra, Lakhisarai district, Bihar
   Buxar Bijilee (1320 MW)
   Chausa, Buxar District, Bihar
   NTPC (2×660 MW)
   Barh STPS, Patna District

Nuclear power plant[edit]

Government of India has decided to reduce the capacity of the proposed nuclear power plant at Rajauli, Nawada by half.[citation needed]

Energy Park[edit]

Karbigahia Thermal Power Station will be developed as the first-ever 'Energy Park' in Bihar.[38]

Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana[edit]

In September 2012, 43 projects of rural electrification have been sanctioned for Bihar under Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).[citation needed]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Bihar gets coal block for thermal power projects The Economics Times. Retrieved July 5, 2013
  2. ^ Huge business opportunities beckon in power sector in Bihar - Economic Times
  3. ^ Bihar to take PPP route to trim T&D losses | Business Standard
  4. ^ Bseb Plan size subsidy The Times of India. Retrieved Nov 03,2012
  5. ^ high tension wires power supply power board The Times of India. Retrieved July07, 2013
  6. ^ "High alert issued in Bihar as cyclone Phailin set to hit state - Times Of India". 2013-10-12. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  7. ^ "vide Bihar State Electricity Reforms Transfer Scheme, 2012 vide notification 17 dated 30.10.2012. (reference: BERC tariff Order 15.03.2013)" (PDF).
  8. ^ "Replace all old electric wires by December 2019: Nitish Kumar".
  9. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "Patna to hand over 3 power plants to NTPC".
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Land acquisition a major hurdle".
  19. ^ "Nabinagar plant may start power generation by year end".
  20. ^
  21. ^ Bihar big leap towards ‘power’ - Times Of India
  22. ^ NTPC boss soothes Pankri nerves
  23. ^ Debjoy Sengupta (2013-10-21). "Alstom India will supply transformers for NTPC's Supercritical Nabinagar Power Project - Economic Times". Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-08-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Ahead of Bihar polls, Nitish cabinet approves 16 schemes to push power sector".
  26. ^
  27. ^ "Nitish lauds 'power-ful' all-women team".
  28. ^ "Gift of power for festival". 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  29. ^ CM opens four power grid stations - Times Of India
  30. ^
  31. ^ "Two more grid substations to come up in north Bihar".
  32. ^ Bihar to be self sufficient in power by 2015 - Business
  33. ^ Bihar to buy 1,000 MW to provide power to all by 2015 |
  34. ^ Additional power supply to light up more areas in Bihar this year | Business Line
  35. ^ "Nitish Kumar hints at Bihar becoming a power surplus state". 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  36. ^
  37. ^ "Bihar CM Nitish Kumar says power condition has improved in Bihar".
  38. ^ "Bihar's first-ever energy park soon - Times Of India". 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-11-05.