|17.5 million in Bihar alone|
|Regions with significant populations|
|• India • Pakistan• Bangladesh • United States • United Kingdom • Canada • Australia|
|• Urdu • Hindi • Surjapuri • Maithili • Bhojpuri|
|• Islam (Sunni and Shi'a)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|• Bihari peoples • Indian Muslims|
The vast majority of Bihari Muslims are followers of the Sunni sect and even in pre-Mughal Bihar, all the Ulemas, Mullas and Sufis were Sunnis. There is however a significant community of Shia Muslims residing in Patna who descend from settlers from Lucknow who came in the 1800s.
In common with the rest of India, the overwhelming majority of Muslims in Bihar are descended from native converts from various caste groups. The rise in the Muslim population can traced to the early twelfth century with many conversions taking place during the rule of the Sur Empire which had its capital in Sasaram, Bihar.
Some of the Kings and chieftains of medieval Bihar were Muslim. The chieftaincy of Kharagpur Raj in modern-day Munger district was originally controlled by Hindu Rajputs. In 1615 after a failed rebellion by Raja Sangram Singh, his son Toral Mal was made to convert by the Mughal Emperor and he changed his name to Roz Afzun.
The Faujdars of Purnea (also known as the Nawabs of Purnea) created an autonomous territory for themselves under the leadership of Saif Khan and ruled in parts of Eastern Bihar in the early 1700's. They were engaged in a protracted conflict with the neighbouring Kingdom of Nepal.
Muslims are spread throughout the State of Bihar, but are mainly concentrated in some districts, especially Kishanganj, Katihar, Araria, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Madhubani, Sitamarhi, Champaran, Siwan, Samastipur, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Begusarai, Nawada, Gaya, Jehanabad and Muzaffarpur.
Distribution by district
The following table shows the Muslim population of Bihar by district:
|Number||District||Population (2001)||Muslim population||Percentage|
Sum total of this table is 14,780,500 Muslims out of 83.0 millions total population in 2001 census, hence Muslims were 16.5% of total population in Bihar. In 2011 census, total population grew to 103.9985 millions, of which 16.9% or 17,557,809 were Muslims. During 2001–2011, Muslims grew by 33.433%, while non-Muslims grew by 23.537%. District-wise break up by religions for 2011 is not available.
- Muslim Bhumihars
- Pathans of Bihar
- Shaikh of Bihar
- Muslim Kayasths
- Muslim Rajputs
- Malik clan (Bihar)
- Muslim Chhipi
- Lal Begi
- Turuk Pasi
- Muslim Rangrez
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