Bihari Muslims

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Bihari Muslim
Total population
(~24 million)
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan Bangladesh United States Canada Australia
Languages
UrduHindiBhojpuri[1]
Religion
Allah-green.svg Islam (Sunni and Shi'a)
Related ethnic groups
Bihari peoplesIndian Muslims

Bihari Muslims are people originating and tracing descent from the Indian state of Bihar who practice Islam as their religion. Bihari Muslims mainly practice Sunni Islam of the Hanafi creed, though a small Shia minority exists.

Origin[edit]

About 3 million Bihari Muslims migrated to Pakistan and Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) after independence.

Society[edit]

Muslims are spread throughout the State of Bihar, but are mainly concentrated in some districts, especially Kishanganj, Katihar, Araria, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Madhubani, Sitamarhi, Champaran, Siwan, Samastipur, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Begusarai, Nawada, Gaya, Jehanabad and Muzaffarpur.

Distribution by district[edit]

[2]

Number District Population (2011) Muslim population Percentage
1 Kishanganj 1,296,348 1,011,151 78%
2 Katihar 2,392,638 1,017,495 43%
3 Araria 2,158,608 887,972 41%
4 Purnia 2,543,942 935,239 37%
5 Darbhanga 3,295,789 748,971 23%
6 Sitamarhi 2,682,720 568,992 21%
7 West Champaran 3,043,466 646,597 21%
8 East Champaran 3,939,773 755,005 19%
9 Bhagalpur 2,423,172 423,246 18%
10 Madhubani 3,575,281 641,579 18%
11 Siwan 2,714,349 494,176 18%
12 Gopalganj 2,152,638 367,219 17%
13 Supaul 1,732,578 302,120 17%
14 Sheohar 515,961 80,076 16%
15 Muzaffarpur 3,746,714 573,951 15%
16 Saharsa 1,508,182 217,922 14%
17 Begusarai 2,349,366 313,713 13%
18 Banka 1,608,773 190,051 12%
19 Gaya 3,473,428 403,439 12%
20 Jamui 1,398,796 170,334 12%
21 Nawada 1,809,696 204,457 11%
22 Madhepura 1,526,646 173,605 11%
23 Aurangabad 2,013,055 221,436 11%
24 Kaimur 1,289,074 123,048 10%
25 Khagaria 1,280,354 131,441 10%
26 Rohtas 2,450,748 246,760 10%
27 Samastipur 3,394,793 355,897 10%
28 Saran 3,248,701 337,767 10%
29 Vaishali 2,718,421 259,158 10%
30 Jehanabad 1,514,315 124,149 8%
31 Munger 1,337,797 98,791 7.4%
32 Patna 4,718,592 366,164 8%
33 Bhojpur 2,243,144 163,193 7%
34 Nalanda 2,370,528 176,871 7%
35 Sheikhpura 525,502 37,755 7%
37 Buxar 1,402,396 86,382 6%
38 Lakhisarai 802,225 35,378 4%

Sum total of this table is 14,780,500 Muslims out of 83.0 millions total population in 2001 census, hence Muslims were 17.81% of total population in Bihar. In 2011 census, total population grew to 103.9985 millions, of which 18.964% or 19,922,048 were Muslims. During 2001-2011, Muslims grew by 33.433%, while non-Muslims grew by 23.537%. District-wise break up by religions for 2011 is not available.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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