|• Mayor||Nagy Gizella (since 2008) (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)|
|Area||58,50 km2 (2,260 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Biharia (Hungarian: Bihar) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania. It is composed of two villages, Biharia and Cauaceu (Hegyközkovácsi). In 2002 it had 5,870 inhabitants, of whom 85.87% were Hungarians, 12.12% Romanians and 1.73% Roma.
The village is first mentioned in 1067 as Byhoriensis, later as Bychor in 1213, as Bihar in 1332, and again, in 1349 as Byhor. It has a complex political history with periods of Ottoman rule, periods of Habsburg Monarchy, Principality of Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary and Kingdom of Romania. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, it became part of the Kingdom of Hungary within Austria-Hungary.
After break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the commune became part of Romania. As a result of the Second Vienna Award it returned to Hungary between 1940 and 1944. Since then it has been part of Romania.
- Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010
- scribd.com - Cetatea Bihariei, judeţul Bihor; retrieved on June 30, 2012 (Romanian)
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