Oradea, capital of Bihor County
Location of Bihor County in Romania
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Oradea|
|• Type||County Board|
|• President of the County Board||Sándor Pásztor (UDMR)|
|• Prefect2||Claudiu Pop|
|• Total||7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi)|
|Area rank||6th in Romania|
|Highest elevation||1,849 m (6,066 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Rank||11th in Romania|
|• Density||76/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x594|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-BH|
|GDP||US$ 5.82 billion (2008)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 9,708 (2008)|
|GDP/capita at purchasing power parity||US$ 17,152 (2009)|
|1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a civil servant. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or firing) from the civil service
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
The origin of the name Bihor is uncertain, except that it likely takes its name from an ancient fortress in the current commune of Biharia. It possibly came from vihor, the Serbian word for "whirlwind" (вихор), or Slavic biela hora, meaning "white mountain." Another theory is that Biharea is of Daco-Thracian etymology (bi meaning "two" and harati "take" or "lead"), possibly meaning two possessions of land in the Duchy of Menumorut. Another theory is that the name comes from bour, the Romanian term for aurochs (from the Latin word bubalus). The animal once inhabited the lands of northwestern Romania. Under this theory, the name changed from buar to buhar and to Bihar and Bihor.
In October 31, 2011, Bihor had a population of 575,398 and the population density was 72/km2 (186/sq mi).<
99.4% of the county's population are Christian and of these:
- Romanian Orthodox – 59.7%
- Reformed – 18.1%;
- Catholic – 11.5% (Roman Catholic – 9.2%; Greek Catholic – 2.3%)
- Pentecostal – 5.7%;
- Baptists – 3.7%;
- Adventist – 0.3%;
This county has a total area of 7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi). In the East side of the County there are the Apuseni Mountains with heights up to 1,800 m (5,906 ft). The heights decrease westwards, passing through the hills an ending in the Romanian Western Plain – the eastern side of the Pannonian plain.
- Sălaj County, Cluj County and Alba County in the East.
- Hungary in the West – Hajdú-Bihar County.
- Satu Mare County in the North.
- Arad County in the South.
Bihor is one of the wealthiest counties in Romania, with a GDP per capita well above the national average. Recently, the economy has been driven by a number of construction projects. Bihor has the lowest unemployment rate in Romania and among the lowest in Europe, with only 2.4% unemployment, compared to Romania's average of 5.1%.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Textile industry.
- Food and beverages industry.
- Mechanical components industry.
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The city of Oradea.
- The Apuseni Mountains:
- Băile Felix Resort.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Bihor County was adopted in 1998, and is a quarterly shield featuring a castle (for the Castle of Bihar), five wheat stalks with a ribbon, and a scroll with the text of Deșteaptă-te, române!, covered with a fess featuring three fish. It was subject to redesign in 2013 after it was discovered by a local teacher that the text on the scroll was erroneously written in Greek, rather than Cyrillic (the original alphabet used to write the poem's text) or the Latin alphabet. The county has no significant history with Greece.
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party||17|
|Social Democratic Party||9|
|Democratic Alliance of Hungarians||7|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||2|
Bihor County has four municipalities, six towns and 91 communes.
- Avram Iancu
- Boianu Mare
- Cociuba Mare
- Criștioru de Jos
- Girișu de Criș
- Hidişelu de Sus
- Husasău de Tinca
- Lazuri de Beiuș
- Lugașu de Jos
- Sânnicolau Român
- Suplacu de Barcău
- Uileacu de Beiuș
- Vadu Crișului
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bihor County.|
- "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Numele Bihorului. Etimologie şi controverse.". Oradea Mea. 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- Romanian 2002 Census
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Recensamantul Populatiei si Locuintelor 2011: Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune
- Romania and Bihor County Census, 2002, (in Hungarian) 
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- Totorean, Adriana (23 April 2013). "Blazon greşit: Stema judeţului Bihor va fi refăcută, deoarece conţine un detaliu penibil". Ebihoreanul (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.