Bijan Kumar Mukherjea

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Bijan Kumar Mukherjea
4th Chief Justice of India
In office
23 December 1954 – 31 January 1956
Nominated byRajendra Prasad
Preceded byMehr Chand Mahajan
Succeeded bySudhi Ranjan Das
Personal details
Born(1891-08-15)15 August 1891
Died1 February 1956(1956-02-01) (aged 64)

Bijan Kumar Mukherjea (Bengali :বিজন কুমার মুখার্জী) (15 August 1891 – 1 February 1956[1]) was the 4th Chief Justice of India. He was in his office from 22 December 1954 to 31 January 1956.


Joined Calcutta Bar in 1914

Junior Govt. Pleader Calcutta High Court, 1934 Senior Govt. Pleader, Calcutta Court, 1936 Judge Calcutta High Court, November 1936 – 1948 Member Bengal Boundary Commission, 1947 Judge, Federal Court/Supreme Court 14 Oct. 1948-22 Dec.1954.

Chief Justice of India 1954-31 Jan 1956

It is noteworthy that on Patanjali Sastri’s retirement in January 1954, Nehru had asked B.K. Mukherjea to take over as Chief Justice. However Mukherjea had declined, saying that Mehr Chand Mahajan was senior to him. When Nehru pressed him, the judge said he would sooner resign than usurp the highest office before his turn. Only after Mahajan retired did Mukherjea become CJI.[2]

Education and academics[edit]

After completion of his education in Hooghly College, Bengal, he joined the Surendranath Law College under the University of Calcutta.[3]

He was a M.A.(History), B.L.(Gold Medalist), M.L.(Gold Medalist), Doctor of Law.

He was an Anauth Dev Research Prizeman, Tagore Law Lecturer (Calcutta University), and also a Saraswati (Sanskrit).

Personal life[edit]

Mukherjea was born to R.D. Mukherjea and Sarat Kumari Devi. Married Labanyalata Devi and had a son Amiya Kumar Mukherjea.

Memberships and association[edit]

Fellow of the Calcutta University President of the Bengal Sanskrit Association

Associated with Scouts Movement in Bengal

Acted as District Commissioner, South Calcutta Boys Sc Association

Connected with Literary and Cultural Society Bibudha Janani Sava, Nabadwip, Gita Sava, Calcutta, St. Sahitya Parishad; Calcutta etc.


Problems & Law

Hindu Law of Religious and Charitable Trusts.


  1. ^ ""Bijan Kumar Mukherjea",". Archived from the original on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 December 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Surendranath Law College. "Alumni". Retrieved 25 February 2017.

External links[edit]

  1. Biography at Supreme Court of India website
  • More extensive bio at (in the appendix to his memory on the bottom of the page)
Legal offices
Preceded by
Mehr Chand Mahajan
Chief Justice of India
22 December 1954 – 31 January 1956
Succeeded by
Sudhi Ranjan Das