Bijawar State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
|2,520 km2 (970 sq mi)|
|This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bijawar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 928.|
The native state of Bijawar covered an area of 2520 km2 (973 sq. m.) in the Bundelkhand Agency. Forests covered nearly half the total area of the state, which was believed to be rich in minerals, but lack of transport facilities had hindered the development of its resources.
The state takes its name from the chief town, Bijawar, which was founded by Bijai Singh, one of the Gond chiefs of Garha Mandla, in the 17th century. The first ruler of the state was Bir Singh Deo (1765–93). It was conquered in the 18th century by Chhatarsal, the founder of Panna, by whose descendants it is still held.
Bijawar became a British protectorate on 27 Mar 1811 and the rule of the territory was confirmed to Ratan Singh in 1811 by the British government for the usual deed of allegiance. In 1857 Bham Pratap Singh rendered signal services to the British during the Revolt of 1857, being rewarded with certain privileges and a hereditary salute of eleven guns. In 1866 he received the title of Maharaja, and the prefix Sawai in 1877. Bhan Pratap was succeeded on his death in 1899 by his adopted son, Sanwant Singh, a son of the Maharaja of Orchha.
The state acceded to India on 1 January 1950, and became part of the state of Vindhya Pradesh, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956.
- 1765 – 1793 Bir Singh Deo
- 1793 – 1802 Himmat Bahadur (usurper)
- 1802 – 1810 Keshri Singh
- 1811 – 1833 Ratan Singh
- 1833 – 1847 Lakshman Singh
- 1847 – 1877 Bham Pratap Singh
- 1877 – 1899 Bham Pratap Singh
- 1900 – 1940 Savant Singh
- 1940 – 1947 Govind Singh
- 1947 – 1983 Govind Singh