Bijelo Brdo culture

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The Bijelo Brdo culture[1][2] or Bjelo-Brdo culture[3] is an early medieval archaeological culture flourishing in the 10th and 11th centuries in Central Europe. It represents a synthesis of the culture introduced in the Carpathian Basin by the conquering Hungarians around 900 and of earlier cultures existing in the territory (in present-day Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia) before the Hungarian conquest.[4] Female dress accessories, including "jewellery of plaited wire, two-piece sheetwork pendants, snake-head bracelets and S-shaped temple-reings" (P. M. Barford),[4] are the most characteristic items of the culture.[3] The culture disappeared around 1100, most probably not independently of laws adopted under Kings Ladislaus I and Coloman of Hungary which prescribed the burial of dead in graveyards developed near churches.[3]

Initially it was thought that the poorer Hungarian(Magyar) gravesites were Slavic and that only the rich horse-warrior burials were Hungarian. This view was challenged in the 1940s and is now rejected by Hungarian scholars, who see the poorer burials as Magyar commoners, such as Béla Szőke.[5]

It is named after an archeological site, a medieval graveyard found near the village of Bijelo Brdo, Croatia and excavated since 1895.[6] The dating at 7th Century of Site 1 was established by Zdenko Vinski.[7]

Map showing the basic territory of Bijelo Brdo culture (10th-12th century), according to the book of Russian archaeologist Valentin Vasilyevich Sedov.[8][9] By this view, the area of the village of Bijelo Brdo itself is excluded from this territory.

According to the Russian archaeologist Valentin Vasilyevich Sedov, the basic territory of Bijelo Brdo culture included territory of present-day Hungary, southern Slovakia and part of Serbian Vojvodina.[8]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Engel 2001, p. 17.
  2. ^ Spinei 2003, p. 57.
  3. ^ a b c Curta 2006, p. 192.
  4. ^ a b Barford 2001, p. 231.
  5. ^ Geary, Klaniczay, Patrick (2013). Manufacturing Middle Ages (First ed.). Brill. p. 221 Extra |pages= or |at= (help). ISBN 9004244867. Retrieved 01-08-2015.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ Vodanović, Brkić & Demo 2005.
  7. ^ Bože Mimica Slavonija u XX. stoljeću 2009 Page 332 "Nalazište Bijelo Brdo I. arheološki je pouzdano datirao Zdenko Vinski (1913-1996) u sredinu ili drugu polovicu 7. stoljeća."
  8. ^ a b Valentin Vasiljevič Sedov, Sloveni u ranom srednjem veku, Novi Sad, 2013, pages 419-421.
  9. ^ http://www.dodaj.rs/f/3d/PP/bVFVG7O/bijelobrdo.jpg

References[edit]