Bikas K Chakrabarti
|Bikas K. Chakrabarti|
14 December 1952|
|Institutions||Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata
|Alma mater||University of Calcutta|
Bikas Kanta Chakrabarti (born in Calcutta on December 14, 1952) is an Indian physicist. He is a professor of Physics at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata and Visiting Professor of Economics, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata. He is married, has two sons and lives in Kolkata.
Chakrabarti received his Ph. D. degree from Calcutta University (Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics) in 1979. After that he visited (as post-doctoral fellow) Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne. He joined the faculty of the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics in 1983, where he presently is Senior Professor (Former Director). He is also a Visiting Professor of Economics in Indian Statistical Institute.
He has authored/co-authored more than 175 papers in Physics, Economics and interdisciplinary journals, 7 reviews [1 European Physical Journal B, 2 Physics Reports & 4 Reviews of Modern Physics (out of a total 34 reviews published in RMP so far, authored/coauthored by at least one scientist from India, since 1929; Source: Journal Search, Affiliation: India —Errata excluded)] and 8 books [2 Cambridge University Press, 2 Oxford University Press, 2 Springer, 2 Wiley-VCH].
He is Editorial Board member of JOURNALS: *European Physical Journal B: Condensed Matter & Complex Systems (present), *Indian Journal of Physics (present), *Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination (Official Journal of the Association of Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents) (present), *Journal of Magnetism & Magnetic Materials (present), *Natural Science (past), *Pramana (journal) (past), *Scientific Reports (present).
He is Editor of BOOK SERIES: *Physics of Society: Econophysics & Sociophysics (with Mauro Gallegati, Alan Kirman & H. Eugene Stanley) of Cambridge University Press, *Statistical Physics of Fracture & Breakdown (with Purusatam Ray) of Wiley.
Some of Chakrabarti's recent citations include
♦ Feature article on "The Physics of our Finances", saying "So in 2000, Bikas Chakrabarti's team in the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics in Kolkata, India ... (introduced another model with distributed savings, and with) this tweak, the model correctly reproduced the whole wealth distribution curve ... If these simple models do capture something of the essence of the real-world economics, then they offer some good news.", p. 41, New Scientist, 28 July 2012.
♦ Special issue on "Econophysics: Perspectives & Prospect", saying "The physicists, however, did not present a parallel perspective of this social science, at least not until recently when eminent physicists like Eugene H. Stanley, Bikas K. Chakrabarti, J. Doyne Farmer, Jean-Philippe Bouchaud and many others having joined the fray to create this new field which has now started to gain academic respect. ... ", in the Editorial and "... So he (Bikas) started to have meetings on econophysics and I think the first one was probably in 1995 (he decided to start it in 1993–1994). Probably the first meeting in my life on this field that I went to was this meeting. In that sense Kolkata is — you can say — the nest from which the chicken was born ...", said H. Eugene Stanley in his interview (pp. 73-78) with one Editor of IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review, Vol. 2 (July 2013), © 2013 Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, SAGE Publications.
♦ FOCUS article "Breakthrough in Quantum Computation", saying "A new class of quantum computers utilizing quantum tunneling has been achieved (as pioneered by D-wave with their 128 superconducting logic elements). The idea of computation using quantum annealing technique was first mooted by a group of Calcutta based scientists ..." in its Editorial Note and "... The seminal proposal (of Bikas Chakrabarti & his team from Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Calcutta) was taken up by other groups in the world ...", wrote Indrani Bose in Science & Culture (Indian Science News Association), Vol. 79 (Sept-Oct, 2013) pp. 381-382. See the FOCUS article (arxiv version) "Quantum Annealing & Computation: A Brief Documentary Note", Science & Culture, Vol. 79 (Nov-Dec, 2013) pp. 485-500.
- For recent discussions, see Nature Physics, Vol. 10 (March 2014) pp. 218-224 & the collection of 'Discussion & Debate' papers on "Quantum Annealing: The Fastest Route to Quantum Computation", in European Physical Journal: Special Topics, Vol. 224 (January 2015) pp. 1-222.
- Heim et al. (ETH Group) in Science, Vol. 348 (April 2015) pp. 215-217 (arxiv version) say "Quantum annealing [Ray, Chakrabarti & Chakrabarti, Physical Review B, vol. 39 (1989) 11828, ..., Das & Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 80 (2008) 1061] uses quantum tunneling instead of thermal excitations to escape from local minima, which can be advantageous in systems with tall but narrow barriers, which are easier to tunnel through than to thermally climb over.".
- Mandra et al. (Harvard Univ. Group) in their Physical Review A Vol. 92 (December 2015) 062320 start their paper with the opening sentence "In 2001, Farhi et al. proposed a new paradigm to carry out quantum computation ... that builds on previous results developed by the statistical & chemical physics communities in the context of quantum annealing techniques [Ray, Chakrabarti & Chakrabarti, Physical Review B, vol. 39 (1989) 11828, ...].".
- Boixo et al. (Google, NASA Ames, D-Wave Group) in their Nature Communications (January 2016) start the paper with the sentence "Quantum annealing [Finnila et al. 1994, ...] is a technique inspired by classical simulated annealing [Ray, Chakrabarti & Chakrabarti, Physical Review B, vol. 39 (1989) 11828] that aims to take advantage of quantum tunnelling.".
Awards and distinctions
- Young Scientist Award of Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (1984)
- Professeur Invité, University of Paris, UP13, Lab-PMTM, CNRS (1988)
- Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India (1997)
- Fellow, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore (Elected, 1997)
- Fellow, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (Elected, 2003)
- Honorary Visiting Professor, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata (2007- )
- Outstanding Referee Award of the American Physical Society (2010)
- Professeur Invité, École Centrale Paris (2010)
- J C Bose National Fellow, Department of Science and Technology (India) (2011-2020)
Important books and reviews
- Quantum Ising Phases and Transitions in Transverse Ising Models, Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Amit Dutta and Parangama Sen, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (1996).
- Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Solids, Bikas K. Chakrabarti and L. Gilles Benguigui, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1997).
- Econophysics: An Introduction, Sitabhra Sinha, Arnab Chatterjee, Anirban Chakraborti and Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Wiley-VCH, Berlin (2011).
- Econophysics of Income & Wealth Distributions, Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Anirban Chakraborti, Satya R. Chakravarty and Arnab Chatterjee, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2013).
- Quantum Ising Phases and Transitions in Transverse Ising Models, Sei Suzuki, Jun-ichi Inoue and Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (2013).
- Sociophysics: An Introduction, Parangama Sen and Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2014).
- Quantum Phase Transitions in Transverse Field Spin Models: From Statistical Physics to Quantum Information, Amit Dutta, Gabriel Aeppli, Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Uma Divakaran, Thomas Felix Rosenbaum & Diptiman Sen, Cambridge University Press, Delhi (2015).
- Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown & Earthquake, Soumyajyoti Biswas, Purusattam Ray & Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Wiley-VCH, Berlin (2015).
- Dynamic Transitions and Hysteresis, B. K. Chakrabarti & M. Acharyya, Reviews of Modern Physics 71 (1999) 847-859.
- Quantum Annealing and Analog Quantum Computations, A. Das & B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 80 (2008) 1061-1081.
- Failure Processes in Elastic Fiber Bundles, S. Pradhan, A. Hansen & B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 82 (2010) 499-555.
- Statistical Physics of Fracture, Friction and Earthquakes, H. Kawamura, T. Hatano, N. Kato, S. Biswas & B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 84 (2012) 839-884.
- Statistical Mechanics of Competitive Resource Allocation using Agent-Based Models, A. Chakraborti, D. Challet, A. Chatterjee, M. Marsili, Y.-C. Zhang & B. K. Chakrabarti, Physics Reports 552 (2015) 1-25.