Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
CT scan of the chest showing bilateral lymphadenopathy in the mediastinum due to sarcoidosis.

Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy is a bilateral enlargement of the lymph nodes of pulmonary hila. It is a radiographic term for the enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes and is most commonly identified by a chest x-ray.


The following are causes of BHL:[1]


  1. ^ M. Longmore; I. Wilkinson; T. Turmezei; CK. Cheug (2007). Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine 7th Edition. United States, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 179. ISBN 0-19-856837-1.
  2. ^ a b c d Criado, E; Sánchez, M; Ramírez, J; Arguis, P; De Caralt, TM; Perea, RJ; Xaubet, A (October 2010). "Pulmonary sarcoidosis: typical and atypical manifestations at high-resolution CT with pathologic correlation". Radiographics. 30 (6): 1567–1586. doi:10.1148/rg.306105512. PMID 21071376.
  3. ^ Urbanksi, G; Rivereau, P; Artru, L; Fenollar, F; Raoult, D; Puéchal, X (June 2012). "Whipple disease revealed by lung involvement: a case report and literature review". Chest. 141 (6): 1595–1598. doi:10.1378/chest.11-1812. PMID 22670021.
  4. ^ Beers, Mark (2006). The Merck Manual.
  5. ^ Suwatanapongched, T; Gierada, DS (December 2006). "CT of thoracic lymph nodes. Part II: diseases and pitfalls". The British Journal of Radiology. 79 (948): 999–1000. doi:10.1259/bjr/82484604. PMID 16641412.
  6. ^ Leung, CC; Yu, IT; Chen, W (May 2012). "Silicosis". The British Journal of Radiology. 379 (9830): 2008–2018. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60235-9. PMID 22534002.
  7. ^ a b Chong, S; Lee, KS; Chung, MJ; Han, J; Kwon, OJ; Kim, TS (January–February 2006). "Pneumoconiosis: comparison of imaging and pathologic findings". Radiographics. 26 (1): 59–77. doi:10.1148/rg.261055070. PMID 16418244.
  8. ^ Owlia, MB; Mehrpoor, G (May 2009). "Adult-onset Still's disease: a review". Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. 63 (5): 207–221. doi:10.4103/0019-5359.53169. PMID 19584494.