Bilaval

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bilaval
Late 18th century miniature of the Bilavala Ragini
ThaatBilaval
TypeSampurna (7 by 7 )
ArohanaSa Re Ga ma, Ga Pa, Dha Ni Dha Ni Sa'
AvarohanaSa' Ni Dha, Pa, ma Ga, Ma Re Sa
Pakad
  • Ga Re, Ga Pa Dha Pa, ma Ga, ma Re Sa
  • Ga Re Ga Pa, Dha Ni Sa'
  • Sa' Ni Dha Pa, ma Ga Ma Re Sa
VadiDha
SamavadiGa
SynonymBilawal
Equivalent

Bilaval or Bilawal (IAST: Bilāval) is a raga and the basis for the eponymous thaat (musical mode) in Hindustani classical music. Raga Bilaval is named after Veraval, Gujarat.[1]

Bilaval has been the standard for North Indian music since the early 19th century. Its tonal relationships are comparable to the Western music C major scale. Bilaval appears in the Ragamala as a ragini of Bhairav but today it is the head of the Bilaval thaat. The Ragamala[disambiguation needed] names Bilaval as a Putra (son) of Bhairav but no relationship between these two ragas are made today. Bilaval is a morning raga that is intended to be sung with a feeling of deep devotion and repose and is often performed during the hot months.[citation needed] The Bilaval is equivalent to the Carnatic raga melakarta, Sankarabharanam, as well as the Western Ionian mode (major scale), and contains the notes S R G M P D N S'. The pitches of Bilaval thaat are all shuddha (natural). Flat (komal) or sharp (tivra) pitches always occur regarding the interval pattern in Bilaval thaat.

Bilaval raga is in the Sikh tradition of northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture Granth, the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.[2] Every raga has a set of strict rules that govern the number of notes that can be used, which notes can be used, and their interplay that must be adhered to for the composition of a tune. Bilaval is the thirty-fourth raga to appear in the series of sixty compositions in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The composition in this raga appears on 64 pages from page numbers 795 to 859.

The Indian National Anthem Jana Gana Mana is sung in the raga Gaud Sarang. It is believed that the National Anthem of India is sung in raga Alhaiya Bilaval[3] but this is not the case. There is a svara that changes the raga of Jana Gana Mana. In the national anthem, the tivra Madhyam svara is used. Raga Alhaiya Bilaval does not employ the tivra Madhyama svara; raga Alhaiya Bilaval is the raga of all Shuddha Svaras and no other types of svaras.[4] Raga Gaud Sarang has the tivra Madhyama svara.[5]

Aroha and avaroha[edit]

Arohana/Arohi: Sa, Re, Ga, ma, Pa, Dha, Ni, Sa'

Avrohana/Avarahi: Sa' Ni Dha, Pa, ma Ga, Ma, Re Sa

Vadi and samavadi[edit]

Vadi: Dha

Samavadi: Ga

Pakad or chalan[edit]

  1. Ga Re, Ga Ma Dha Pa, Ma Ga, Ma Re Sa
  2. Ga Pa Ni Dha Ni Sa
  3. Ga Re Ga Pa, Ni Dha Ni Sa
  4. Sa Ni Dha Pa Ga Ma Re Sa

Samay (time)[edit]

Morning: First pahar of the day (6-9 AM)

Film songs in Tamil[edit]

Song Movie Composer Singer
"Chandrodhayam Idhile" Kannagi S.V. Venkatraman P.U. Chinnappa
"Madi Meethu" Annai Illam K V Mahadevan T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
"Manam Padaithen" Kandhan Karunai P. Susheela
"Aththaan En Aththaan" Paava Mannippu Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy
"Kaadhellenum Vadivam Kanden" Bhagyalakshmi
"Kaana Vandha Kaatchiyenna"
"Enna Enna Vaarththaigalo" Vennira Aadai
"Ore Raagam Ore Thaalam" Manapanthal
"Kaatru Vandhal" Kathiruntha Kangal P.B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela
"Kanpadume Pirar Kanpadume" P. B. Sreenivas
"Paadadha Paatellam" Veerathirumagan
"Maadi Mele Maadikati" Kadhalikka Neramillai
"Enna Paarvai" K.J. Yesudas, P. Susheela
"Kaadhalika Neramillai" Sirkazhi Govindarajan
"Roja Malare Raajakumari" Veerathirumagan P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela
"Poga Poga Theriyum" Server Sundaram
"Andru Vandhadhum" Periya Idathu Penn T.M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
"Naan Maanthoppil" Enga Veettu Pillai
"Aandavan Padachan" Nichaya Thaamboolam T.M. Soundararajan
"Adho Andha Paravai Pola" Aayirathil Oruvan
"Naan Kavignanum Ilai" Padithal Mattum Podhuma
"Moondrezhuthil En Moochu" Dheiva Thaai
"Kadhal Embadhu" Paadha Kaanikkai P.B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela, L.R. Eswari, J.P. Chandrababu
"Epo Vechikalam" Bandha Pasam J.P. Chandrababu
"Enna Paravai Sirakadithu" Karthigai Deepam R. Sudarsanam T.M. Soundararajan(ver 1), P. Susheela(ver 2)
"Pudhu Naadagathil" Ooty Varai Uravu M. S. Viswanathan T. M. Soundararajan
"Kettavarellam Paadalam" Thangai
"Anubhavi Raja Anubhavi" Anubavi Raja Anubavi P. Susheela, L.R. Eswari
"Maanendru Pennukoru" P. Susheela
"Naan Paadum Paatile" Bhavani
"Love Birds" Anbe Vaa
"Maharaja Oru Maharaani" Iru Malargal T.M. Soundararajan, Shoba Chandrasekhar
"Enni Irundhadhu" (Ragam Neelambari Touches) Andha 7 Naatkal Malaysia Vasudevan, Vani Jairam
"Vidiya Vidiya Solli" Pokkiri Raja S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Susheela
"Dil Dil Dil Manadhil" Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu
"Aadungal Paadungal" Guru Ilaiyaraaja S.P. Balasubrahmanyam
"Pudhucheri Katcheri" Singaravelan
"Thene Thenpaandi" Udaya Geetham
"Nilaave Vaa" Mouna Ragam
"Yerikkarai Poongaatre Nee Pora Vazhi" Thooral Ninnu Pochchu K.J. Yesudas
"Thaalattudhe Vaanam" Kadal Meengal P. Jayachandran, S. Janaki
"Pudhu Maapilaiku" Apoorva Sagodharargal S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, S.P. Sailaja
"Aalapol Vellapol" Ejamaan S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, K. S. Chithra
"Paarthathenna Paarvai" Naangal
"Indha Minminiku" Sigappu Rojakkal Malaysia Vasudevan, S. Janaki
"Malaiyaala Karaiyoram" Rajadhi Raja Mano
"Germaniyin Senthen Malare" Ullasa Paravaigal S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
"Anjali Anjali Anjali" Anjali Sathya, Karthik Raja, Yuvan Shankar Raja,

Bhavatharini, Venkat Prabhu, Premji Amaran, Parthi Bhaskar,Hari Bhaskar,Vaishnavi

"Thulli Ezhunthathu" Geethanjali Ilaiyaraaja
"Kanmani Anbodu Kadhalan" Gunaa Kamal Haasan, S. Janaki
"Kuzhaloodhum Kannanuku" Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu K.S. Chithra
"Dillu Baru Jaane" Kalaignan Mano, K. S. Chithra
"Nila Kaayum Neeram" Chembaruthi Mano, S. Janaki
"Paattu Poove"
"April Mayilae" Idhayam Ilaiyaraaja, Deepan Chakravarthy, S.N.Surendar
"Naan Erikarai" Chinna Thayee K.J. Yesudas, Swarnalatha
"Maalai En Vethanai" Sethu Unni Krishnan, Arunmozhi, S.N.Surendar
"Thendrale" Kadhal Desam A. R. Rahman Mano, Unni Krishnan
"O Vennila" Unni Krishnan
"Kandukondain Kandukondain" (Ragam Nalinakanthi Touches also) Kandukondain Kandukondain Hariharan, Mahalakshmi Iyer
"Maanooththu Manthaiyile" Kizhakku Cheemayile S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, Sasirekha
"Ini Achcham Achcham Illai" Indira Sujatha Mohan, Anuradha Sriram, G.V. Prakash, Shweta Mohan, Esther
"Thoda Thoda Malarndhadhenna" S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, K.S. Chithra
"Kangalil Enne" Uzhavan
"Pennalla Pennalla" S.P. Balasubrahmanyam
"Moongilile Paatisaikum Kaatralaiyai" Raagam Thedum Pallavi T. Rajendar
"Mazhaiyum Neeye" Azhagan Maragadha Mani
"Sa Sa Sa Sani Thapa Niveathaa" Nee Pathi Naan Pathi
"Naadodi Paattu Paada" Harichandra Agosh
"Enna Kathai Solla" Annanagar Mudhal Theru Chandrabose S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, K.S. Chithra
"Shenbaga Poovai" Paasamalargal V.S. Narasimhan S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, Sujatha Mohan
"Nalam Nalamariya Aval" Kadhal Kottai Deva S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Anuradha Sriram
"Pulveli Pulveli" Aasai K.S. Chithra, Unni Krishnan(Humming only)
"Yeno Yeno" Appu Hariharan, Sujatha, Harini
"Sollathae" Sollamale Bobby Hariharan, K. S. Chithra
"Aval Ulaghazhagi" Lesa Lesa Harris Jayaraj Karthik
"Rakita Rakita Rakita" Jagame Thanthiram Santhosh Narayanan Dhanush, Santhosh Narayanan
"Kadhale Kadhale" Konjam Koffee Konjam Kaadhal Phani Kalyan Prasanna, Neha Nair

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Delvoye, Françoise (2013). New Developments in Asian Studies. Routledge. p. 344. ISBN 978-1-136-17470-4. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  2. ^ Singha, H.S. (2000). The Encyclopedia of Sikhism (over 1000 Entries). Hemkunt Publishers. p. 10. ISBN 978-81-7010-301-1. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  3. ^ India Today Web Desk New (27 December 2018). "Lesser known facts on Jana Gana Mana, India's National Anthem". India Today. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Raag Alhaiya Bilawal – Hindustani Classical Music – Tanarang.com". www.tanarang.com. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  5. ^ www.tanarang.com https://web.archive.org/web/20200701205356/http://www.tanarang.com/english/gaud-sarang_eng.htm. Archived from the original on 1 July 2020. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

References[edit]

  • Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.

External links[edit]