Bilaval

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Bilaval
Late 18th century miniature of the Bilavala Ragini
ThaatBilaval
TypeSampurna (7 by 7 )
ArohanaSa Re Ga ma, Ga Pa, Dha Ni Dha Ni Sa'
AvarohanaSa' Ni Dha, Pa, ma Ga, Ma Re Sa
Pakad
  • Ga Re, Ga Pa Dha Pa, ma Ga, ma Re Sa
  • Ga Re Ga Pa, Dha Ni Sa'
  • Sa' Ni Dha Pa, ma Ga Ma Re Sa
VadiDha
SamavadiGa
SynonymBilawal
Equivalent

Bilaval or Bilawal (IAST: Bilāval) is a raga and the basis for the eponymous thaat (musical mode) in Hindustani classical music. Raga Bilaval is named after Veraval, Gujarat.[1]

The Indian National Anthem Jana gana mana is sung in the raga Gaud Sarang. It is believed that the National Anthem of India is in raga Bilaval,[2] but it isn't like that. There is a certain svara which changes the whole raga of the Anthem. In the national anthem, the tivra Madhyama svara is employed. Raga Bilaval doesn't have the svara of tivra Madhyama (obviously, raga Bilaval is the raga of all Shuddha Svaras and no other types of svaras). [3] But raga Gaud Sarang has the tivra Madhyama svara. [4] So from this, the National Anthem of India, Jana gana mana is in raga Gaud Sarang.

Bilaval had become the basic scale for North Indian music by the early part of the 19th century. Its tonal relationships are comparable to the Western music C major scale. Bilaval appears in the Ragamala as a ragini of Bhairav, but today it is the head of the Bilaval thaat. The Ragamala names Bilaval as a putra (son) of Bhairav, but no relation between these two ragas is made today. Bilaval is a morning raga to be sung with a feeling of deep devotion and repose, often performed during the hot months[citation needed]. The Bilaval thaat is equivalent to the Carnatic melakarta raga, Dheerasankarabharanam, as well as the Western Ionian mode (major scale) and contains the notes S R G M P D N S'. The pitches of Bilaval thaat are all shuddha, or natural. Flat (komal) or sharp (tivra) of pitches always occurs with reference to the interval pattern in Bilaval thaat.

Bilaval is one of the raags that is in the Sikh tradition from northern India, and is part of the Sikh holy scripture (Granth), the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune. In the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, there are a total of 31 raga compositions. Bilaval is the sixteenth raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appear on a total of 64 pages from page numbers 795 to 859.

Aroha and Avaroha[edit]

Arohana: Sa,Re,Ga,ma,Pa, Dha,Ni,Sa'

Avrohana: Sa' Ni Dha, Pa, ma Ga, Ma , Re Sa

Vadi and Samavadi[edit]

Vadi: Dha

Samavadi: Ga

Pakad or Chalan[edit]

Ga Re, Ga Ma Dha Pa, Ma Ga, Ma Re Sa

Ga Re Ga Pa, Ni Dha Ni Sa'

Sa' Ni Dha Pa Ga Ma Re Sa

Samay (Time)[edit]

Morning: First pahar of the day (6-9 AM)

Film Songs: Tamil[edit]

Song Movie Composer Singer
Chandrodhayam Idhile Kannagi (film) S. V. Venkatraman P. U. Chinnappa
Madi Meethu Annai Illam K V Mahadevan T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
Manam Padaithen Kandhan Karunai P. Susheela
Aththaan En Aththaan Paava Mannippu Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy
Kaadhellenum Vadivam Kanden Bhagyalakshmi (film)
Kaana Vandha Kaatchiyenna
Ore Raagam Ore Thaalam Manapanthal
Vaa Endradhu Kathiruntha Kangal
Kaatru Vandhal P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela
Kanpadume Pirar Kanpadume P. B. Sreenivas
Paadadha Paatellam Veerathirumagan
Maadi Mele Maadikati Kadhalikka Neramillai
Enna Paarvai K. J. Yesudas, P. Susheela
Kaadhalika Neramillai Sirkazhi Govindarajan
Roja Malare Raajakumari Veerathirumagan P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela
Poga Poga Theriyum Server Sundaram
Andru Vandhadhum Periya Idathu Penn T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
Naan Maanthoppil Enga Veettu Pillai
Aandavan Padachan Nichaya Thaamboolam T. M. Soundararajan
Naan Kavignanum Ilai Padithal Mattum Podhuma
Moondrezhuthil En Moochu Dheiva Thaai
Kadhal Enbadhu Paadha Kaanikkai P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela, L. R. Eswari, J. P. Chandrababu
Epo Vechikalam Bandha Pasam J. P. Chandrababu
Pudhu Naadagathil Ooty Varai Uravu M. S. Viswanathan T. M. Soundararajan
Kettavarellam Paadalam Thangai
Anubhavi Raja Anubhavi Anubavi Raja Anubavi P. Susheela, L. R. Eswari
Maanendru Pennukoru P. Susheela
Naan Paadum Paatile Bhavani
Love Birds Anbe Vaa
Maharaja Oru Maharaani Iru Malargal T. M. Soundararajan, Shoba Chandrasekhar
Vidiya Vidiya Solli Pokkiri Raja S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Susheela
Dil Dil Dil Manadhil Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu
Aadungal Paadungal Guru (1980 film) Ilaiyaraaja S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Pudhucheri Katcheri Singaravelan
Thene Thenpaandi Udaya Geetham
Pudhu Maapilaiku Apoorva Sagodharargal (1989 film) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. P. Sailaja
Aalapol Vellapol Ejamaan S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, K. S. Chithra
Paarthathenna Paarvai Naangal
Indha Minminiku Sigappu Rojakkal Malaysia Vasudevan, S. Janaki
Malaiyaala Karaiyoram Rajadhi Raja Mano
Germaniyin Senthen Malare Ullasa Paravaigal S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Anjali Anjali Anjali Anjali (1990 film) Sathya, Karthik Raja, Yuvan Shankar Raja,

Bhavatharini, Venkat Prabhu, Premji Amaran, Parthi Bhaskar,Hari Bhaskar,Vaishnavi

Thulli Ezhunthathu Geethanjali Ilaiyaraaja
Kuzhaloodhum Kannanuku Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu K. S. Chithra
Dillu Baru Jaane Kalaignan Mano, K. S. Chithra
Nila Kaayum Neeram Chembaruthi Mano, S. Janaki
Paattu Poove
April Mayilae Idhayam Ilaiyaraaja, Deepan Chakravarthy, S.N.Surendar
Maalai En Vethanai Sethu Unni Krishnan,Arunmozhi, S.N.Surendar
Thendrale Kadhal Desam A. R. Rahman Mano, Unni Krishnan
O Vennila Unni Krishnan
Ini Achcham Achcham Illai Indira Sujatha Mohan, Anuradha Sriram, G. V. Prakash, Shweta Mohan, Esther
Thoda Thoda Malarndhadhenna S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, K. S. Chithra
Kangalil Enne Uzhavan
Pennalla Pennalla S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Kandukondain Kandukondain(Ragam Nalinakanthi Touches also) Kandukondain Kandukondain Hariharan, Mahalakshmi Iyer
Shenbaga Poovai Paasamalargal V. S. Narasimhan S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Sujatha Mohan
Nalam Nalamariya Aval Kadhal Kottai Deva S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Anuradha Sriram
Pulveli Pulveli Aasai K. S. Chithra, Unni Krishnan(Humming only)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Delvoye, Françoise (2013). New Developments in Asian Studies. Routledge. p. 344. ISBN 9781136174704.
  2. ^ https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/national-anthem-facts-952549-2016-12-27
  3. ^ http://www.tanarang.com/english/alhaiya_eng.htm
  4. ^ http://www.tanarang.com/english/gaud-sarang_eng.htm.

suho bilawal ragaya 9

References[edit]

  • Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.

External links[edit]