|Basque Country Unite
Euskal Herria Bildu
|European Parliament group||European United Left–
Nordic Green Left
|Congress of Deputies||
2 / 350
|Senate of Spain||
1 / 266
|European Parliament (Spanish seats)||
1 / 54
21 / 75
|Parliament of Navarre||
8 / 50
|Members of provincial parliaments in the Basque Autonomous Community||
39 / 153
|Town councilors in Southern Basque Country||
1,195 / 3,085
|Politics of Spain
EH Bildu (short for Basque: Euskal Herria Bildu, also EHB, rendered as Basque Country Unite or Basque Country Gather) is a left-wing Basque nationalist and pro-independence political coalition active in the Spanish autonomous communities of Basque Autonomous Community and Navarre.
EHB's predecessor Bildu ("Gather") was launched on 3 April 2011 to participate in the May 2011 local elections It was formed as a reaction to the Supreme Court of Spain's ruling in March 2011 that barred the new left-wing Basque nationalist (Abertzale left) Sortu party from electoral participation. Bildu was an alliance of the centre-left Eusko Alkartasuna, left-wing Alternatiba and independents of the left-wing nationalist spectrum, many of whom former members or supporters of the outlawed Batasuna party.
EHB was launched on 10 June 2012 in San Sebastián by five founding components: Eusko Alkartasuna, Aralar, Alternatiba, Sortu, and independents of the Abertzale left (groups and independent individuals from the Basque leftist-nationalist milieu, many of whom had been members of Batasuna), all of whom had been previously members of the Amaiur coalition. On 3 July 2012 Laura Mintegi was chosen as candidate for Lehendakari in the 2012 Basque parliamentary election. Mintegi, a professor at the University of the Basque Country, formerly stood as a candidate for Herri Batasuna.
Formation of Bildu
Bildu was formed as a response to the March 2011 ruling by the Supreme Court of Spain that banned a new Basque party called Sortu from being registered. Bildu was a coalition of the social-democratic Eusko Alkartasuna, Alternatiba (a splinter group of Ezker Batua) and independent individuals from the Basque leftist-nationalist environment, originating from the outlawed Batasuna party. Bildu was banned by the Supreme Court as well, due to their alleged ties to Batasuna, the alleged political wing of ETA. The decision to ban Bildu resulted in street protests in Bilbao and other cities. However, on 5 May 2011, exactly the day the election campaign started off, the Constitutional Court of Spain lifted the ban and Bildu was allowed to take part in elections.
2011 regional and local elections
At the 2011 local elections Bildu received 26% of the vote in the Basque region, coming second only to the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV). The party won seats in most of the councils of the Southern Basque Country, including San Sebastián (where it came up first), Bilbao, Vitoria-Gasteiz and Pamplona.
2011 general election
For the 2011 general election Eusko Alkartasuna, Alternatiba and their allies formed a new alliance, under the name Amaiur, along with Aralar, previously part of Nafarroa Bai, and other abertzale (i.e., Basque nationalist) groups.
2012 Basque Parliament Elections
In the election for the Basque Parliament that took place on 21 October 2012, EH Bildu the second most seats after the more established EAJ-PNV. The coalition party won 21 out of 75 seats with 25% of the popular vote. No single party won a majority in this election.
2014 European Parliament election
In the 2014 European Parliament election EH Bildu participated as part of the list The Peoples Decide (LPD), comprising left-wing nationalist and separatist parties from several autonomous regions of Spain. On the first position of that list was EHB member Josu Juaristi who was elected member of the European parliament. He joined the group of the European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bildu.|
- Alonso, Sonia; Cabeza, Laura; Gómez, Braulio (April 13, 2015). "Disentangling peripheral parties’ issue packages in subnational elections" (doc). Comparative European Politics. doi:10.1057/cep.2015.15. ISSN 1472-4790. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
In the Basque Country, for example, the extreme left-wing EH-Bildu and the centre-right PNV present a similar identity-competence balance
- "Basque party snubs vote condemning Paris attack". TheLocal.es. 9 January 2015.
- Tim Lewis (22 March 2015). "Another Country: Inside The Basque Region". Esquire.
- Sanjay Jeram; Daniele Conversi (2014). Deliberation and Democracy at the End of Armed Conflict: Postconflict Opportunities in the Basque Country. Democratic Deliberation in Deeply Divided Societies: From Conflict to Common Ground (Palgrave Macmillan). p. 53.
- David Lublin (2014). Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success. Oxford University Press. p. 197.
- Santiago Pérez-Nievas; Teresa Mata López (2013). "The 2012 Basque Country Regional Election: Back to Nationalist Rule in the Context of the Economic Crisis" (PDF). Asociación Española de Ciencia Política y de la Administración (AECPA).
- Ryan Barnes (10 January 2013). "Basque and Catalan Nationalism: An Evolution". Fair Observer.
- (Spanish) "Bildu presenta las bases de su programa electoral para el 22-M", Gara, 2011-04-03. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "Spanish Constitutional Court lifts ban on Bildu". Xinhua News. Retrieved 2011-05-24.
- "New Basque Coalition Bildu Surges in Basque Local Elections". Eitb.com. Retrieved 2011-05-24.