Bilge Kul Qadir Khan

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Bilge Kul Qadir Khan
Khagan of Karakhanids
Reign840 – ?
SuccessorBazir Arslan Khan
DiedUnknown
IssueOghulcak Khan
Bazir Arslan Khan
HouseKarakhanid dynasty
ReligionTengrism

Bilge Kul Qadir Khan (Chinese: 阙毗伽·卡迪尔汗; pinyin: Quēpíjiākǎdíěrhàn; Uyghur: بىلگە كۆل قادىرخان‎) or Bilge Kul Qara Khan[1] was the first known ruler of Karakhanids.[2]

Tribal affinity[edit]

There are different theories on tribal identity of Bilge Kul khagan. According to Western historiography, he was a ruler of Isfijab, a descendant of Karluk yabghu. He was from Edgish tribe, a part of Chigils[3][4] or a Yagma. According to Pritsak, he claimed title "Khaqan" after fall of Uyghur khaganate since he was from Ashina dynasty.[5][6][7] However Wei Liangtao claims, he was in fact Pang Tegin, a ruler of remnants of Uyghur ruling dynasty in Khotan.[8]Qian Baiquan doubted that.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1869-1930., Bartolʹd, V. V. (Vasiliĭ Vladimirovich) (1998). Ti︠u︡rki : dvenadt︠s︡atʹ lekt︠s︡iĭ po istorii turet︠s︡kikh narodov Sredneĭ Azii. Almaty: Zhalyn. ISBN 978-5610011455. OCLC 47047380.
  2. ^ Jamal al-Qarshi, Muhammad ibn 'Umar 14th Cent; Jawhar, Isml ibn ammd (1869). Al-Surah min al-Sihah. Robarts - University of Toronto. Kashzhar.
  3. ^ 1940-, Kochnev, Boris Dmitrievich (2006). Numizmaticheskai︠a︡ istorii︠a︡ Karakhanidskogo kaganata, 991-1209 gg. Nastich, V. N. Moskva: Sofii︠a︡. ISBN 978-5955005546. OCLC 127918156.
  4. ^ O., Karaev (1983). Istorii︠a︡ karakhanidskogo kaganata : X-nachalo XIII vv. Izd-vo "Ilim. OCLC 299764682.
  5. ^ Sinor, Denis; Dénes, Sinor (1990). The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 351. ISBN 9780521243049.
  6. ^ Findley, Carter V. (2005). The Turks in World History. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 75. ISBN 9780195177268.
  7. ^ Pritsak, Omeljan (1953). "DIE KARACHANIDEN". Der Islam. 31 (1). doi:10.1515/islm.1953.31.1.17. ISSN 0021-1818.
  8. ^ Wei, Liangtiao (1982). "About the History of the Karahan Dynasty, Literature and Research (关于喀喇汗王朝的史科, 文献及研究情况)". Academic Journal of Xinjiang University. 1: 43–55.
  9. ^ Qian, Baiquan (1982). "Was the Karakhanid dynasty established by Pang Tegin? The problems of the westwards movement of Uygurs and Pang Tegin. (喀喇汗王朝是庞特勤创建的吗 ? 回鹘西迁和庞特勤问题)". Studies on Northwestern Ethnic Minorities. 2.