Bilingual communes in Poland

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The bilingual status of gminas (communes) in Poland is regulated by the Act of 6 January 2005 on National and Ethnic Minorities and on the Regional Languages, which permits certain gminas with significant linguistic minorities to introduce a second, auxiliary language to be used in official contexts alongside Polish. So far 44 gminas have done this:[1]


German language as auxiliary language in 22 municipalities in Opole and Silesia Voivodeships (slightly outdated map from 2010)

Polish/German bilingual gminas (Gemeinden) in

Other gminas in Opole Voivodeship and Silesian Voivodeship which would be permitted by the Act to make German an auxiliary language are Olesno and Pawłowiczki.


Kashubian language in gminas.png

Polish/Kashubian bilingual gminas in Pomeranian Voivodeship:


Polish/Lithuanian bilingual gmina in Podlaskie Voivodeship:


Jezyk białoruski w gminach.png

Polish/Belarusian bilingual gmina in Podlaskie Voivodeship:

  • Hajnówka-urban gmina (Гайнаўка) on 3 December 2007
  • Gmina Czyże (Гміна Чыжы) on 8 February 2010
  • Gmina Hajnówka-rural gmina (Гміна Гайнаўка) on 28 May 2010
  • Gmina Narewka (Гміна Нараўка) on 16 September 2009
  • Gmina Orla (Гміна Орля) on 7 May 2009


Polish/Lemko bilingual names of localities in Małopolskie Voivodeship:



  1. ^ "Map on page of Polish Commission on Standardization of Geographical Names" (PDF). Retrieved 20 June 2015. 

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