Bilisht

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Bilisht
Administrative Unit
Bilishti.jpg
Bilisht is located in Albania
Bilisht
Bilisht
Coordinates: 40°37′39″N 20°59′24″E / 40.62750°N 20.99000°E / 40.62750; 20.99000Coordinates: 40°37′39″N 20°59′24″E / 40.62750°N 20.99000°E / 40.62750; 20.99000
Country  Albania
County Korçë
Municipality Devoll
Government
 • Administrator Valter Miza
Elevation 922 m (3,025 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Administrative Unit 6,250
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal Code 7006
Area Code (0)811

Bilisht (Albanian: Bilisht; Macedonian: Билишта, Bilišta) is a town and a former municipality in Korçë County, south-eastern Albania. At the 2015 local government reform it became a subdivision and the seat of the municipality Devoll.[1] It was the seat of the former Devoll District. The population at the 2011 census was 6,250.[2] The town is 9 km from the border with Greece at Kapshticë. The closest Greek town across the border is Krystallopigi in the Florina regional unit. Bilisht is at about 880-970 meters above the sea level and has a continental climate with cool summers and cold winters. The football club is Bilisht Sporti.

Geography[edit]

The town of Bilisht is the most southeastern city of Albania. It is located to the east of the Devoll Valley, about 880-970m above sea level in a hilly relief that stretches from the Devoll River bed to Kokogllava hill over the city and covers an area of 1.4km2. With average altitude 925 m above sea level Bilishti is the second highest city in Albania after Erseka (1020m above sea level).

The city has a very favorable geographic position as it passes through the motorway link connecting Albania with Greece via the Kapshtica customs that is 7km east of it. In the north the town is bordered by Bitincka (3km east of it), east bounded by the hills of Kokogllava (1140m above sea level), Stranra (1280m above sea level), Sellcat (Early residence near Bilishti) and Vernikun, (5km east), south is bordered by Vishocica (3km south), while west is bordered by Devolli River and villages like Poloska (4km), Kuçi (3km), Babani (5.5km ) And Hoçishti (6.5 km). Bilishti has a population of about 12,000 and is the capital of the Municipality of Devolli.

Climate[edit]

The climate in Bilisht is Mediterranean transient, but with remarkable continental influence. The high sea level (930m), as well as the distance from the sea, makes the summer in Bilisht to be warm and fresh, with a cold and snowy winter, as well as with the fall of fresh autumn.

The average annual temperature is 9.9 degrees. The hottest month of the year is July with an average of 19.5 degrees C, where the highest and lowest temperatures range from 14 degrees in the night and 26.6 degrees during the day. The coldest month is January with an average of 0.2 degrees, with average temperatures ranging from -3.6 degrees at night and 4.1 degrees during the day. The maximum temperature was reached in July 1988 (39 degrees) while the minimum was reached in January 2012 (-20 degrees). The annual temperature range is 19.3 degrees.

Bilishti precipitation is lower than in other cities of Albania as a result of the strong continental and mountain ranges that surround this area. The average annual rainfall is 780mm. The largest amount of rainfall is reached in the spring and fall months: November (100mm) and October (89mm). Most of the precipitation is Maji where on average there are 15 days of rainfall and 16 days of dryness. The dryest months are August (39mm) and Korriku (40mm). The highest number of dry days is August, where on average there are 23 dry days and 8 days of rainfall In the second half of autumn snowfall begins Which falls until April. During the winter the largest amount of snowfall falls, mainly in January (4 days on average) and February (5 days on average). Usually snow precipitation may be present even in the spring months.

The frosts in Bilisht are present during the 8 months of the year, the month with the highest number of frosts is January (19 days), while the month with fewer days with frost is May (0.1 days) and October (1.3 days)

The wind at Bilisht is mainly blowing from the west and the north, the month with the highest wind speed is February with Mars (9km / h), while the lowest speed is August at 6km / h. The largest windmill is Mars, where the average wind speed averages 5km / h over the course of 15 days, while the less windy month is October, where the wind averaged 5km / h in 7 days.

Sunny days and sunset: The most sunny month is August, where on average there are 13 sunny days and 17 days partly cloudy or wintry, while the waning month is Maji where on average 25 days are cloudy or partly cloudy and 6 days with Sun.

History[edit]

The Treaty of San Stefano nearly put Bilisht and the entire Devoll area in Bulgarian territory, but, due to being superseded by the Treaty of Berlin, the town remained within the Ottoman Empire.

In 1911, the town was recorded as having 106 Bulgarian residents.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Bilisht is home to an Albanian majority and a Macedonian minority. At the 2011 Albanian local elections, the Macedonian minority succeeded in electing one councilor to the 17-member city council.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law nr. 115/2014[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ 2011 census results
  3. ^ Trajchev, Georgi. Български селища в днешна Албания, в: Отецъ Паисий, 15-31 юли 1929 година, стр.213.
  4. ^ "List of elected councilors (2011 local elections of Albania)" (in Albanian). Central Election Commission of Albania. 2011. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 

External links[edit]