Bill Alexander (painter)
Wilhelm Alexander 
2 April 1915
|Died||24 January 1997 (aged 81)|
William Alexander (born Wilhelm Alexander; 2 April 1915 – 24 January 1997), known as Bill Alexander on his TV show, was a German painter, art instructor, and television host. He was the creator and host of The Magic of Oil Painting (1974–82) television series that ran on PBS in the United States. He co-wrote The Art of Bill Alexander and … (1987–95), a series of books on wet-on-wet oil painting, based on different PBS series of the same form. He also taught the television painter Bob Ross his signature "quick" wet-on-wet technique.
Apprenticed as a carriage maker, Alexander was drafted into the Wehrmacht during World War II. Captured by Allied troops, he painted portraits of Allied officers' wives and he soon made his way to the United States.
Later, known as Bill Alexander, he began hosting television shows focused on painting education and his methods. He is best known for the television program The Magic of Oil Painting which ran on PBS in the US from 1974 to 1982. He teamed with other artists on several different PBS series of the format The Art of Bill Alexander and … that ran from 1984 to 1992. These artists started with Lowell Speers and included Robert Warren, Sharon Perkins and Diane André. Alexander and the second featured artist would alternate episodes, with both painters using the wet-on-wet method. This series was turned into a series of books "as seen on television".
Relations with Bob Ross
TV host and prolific painter Bob Ross studied under Alexander, from whom he learned his wet-on-wet technique, a method of painting rapidly using progressively thinner layers of oil paint. Ross mentioned in the very first episode of the The Joy of Painting that he had learned the technique from Bill Alexander, calling it "the most fantastic way to paint that you've ever seen". Ross also dedicated the first episode of the second season to Alexander, explaining that "I feel as though he gave me a precious gift, and I'd like to share that gift with you [the viewer]".
As Ross's popularity grew, his relationship with Alexander became increasingly strained. In a 1991 interview with The New York Times, Alexander said of Ross, "He betrayed me. I invented 'wet on wet'. I trained him, and he is copying me -- what bothers me is not just that he betrayed me, but that he thinks he can do it better." Alexander refers here to the fact that Bob Ross used some of his individual patter like "happy little trees" and borrowed some of his unique peculiarities.
Art historians have pointed out that the "wet-on-wet" (or alla prima) technique actually originated in Flanders during the 15th century, and was used by Frans Hals, Diego Velázquez, Caravaggio, Paul Cezanne, John Singer Sargent, and Claude Monet, among many others. However, Alexander invented the step of priming the canvas with a liquid white paint (before starting to paint) and designed the style of palette knife employed, which is larger, firmer, and has one straight edge. Both inventions are fundamental for his wet-on-wet technique.
- Alexander, W. (1983). The Bill Alexander Story: An Autobiography. Kendall Hunt. ISBN 0840329903.
- Alexander, W. (1989). Secrets to the Magic of Oil Painting. Walter Foster.
- Alexander, W. (1990). The Magic of Oil Painting. Walter Foster. ISBN 0929261372.
- Alexander, William (1997). Landscapes: Learn to Paint Step by Step. Walter Foster. ISBN 0929261607.
- Robert Phillip Jones (27 October 2015). "Bob Ross, Bill Alexander - beyond the pale?". painters-online.co.uk. Painters Online. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Alexander, William (1983). The Bill Alexander Story: An Autobiography. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt Pub Co. p. 244. ISBN 0-8403-2990-3.
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- Stanley, A. (22 December 1991). "Bob Ross, the Frugal Gourmet of Painting". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
- Taubes, F. (1980). Mastery of Alla Prima Painting. F&W Pub. pp. 22–24. ISBN 0891340297.
- Gury, A. (2009). Alla Prima: A Contemporary Guide to Traditional Direct Painting. Watson-Guptill. p. 16. ISBN 0823098346.
- "The Bill Alexander Story - Chapter Four: Becoming a Happy Painter". Alexander Art.
- on 's channelYouTube