Bill Atkinson

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Bill Atkinson
Born 1951 (age 63–64)
Nationality American
Education University of California, San Diego
University of Washington
Occupation Engineer, Inventor
Known for Part of the Apple Macintosh development team; conceived, designed and implemented HyperCard, the first popular hypermedia system.

Bill Atkinson (born 1951) is an American computer engineer and photographer. Atkinson worked at Apple Computer from 1978 to 1990. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, San Diego, where Apple Macintosh developer Jef Raskin was one of his professors. Atkinson continued his studies as a graduate student in neurochemistry at the University of Washington, nearly getting a PhD [1].

Atkinson was part of the Apple Macintosh development team,[2] and was the creator of the ground-breaking MacPaint application, among others. He also designed and implemented QuickDraw, the fundamental toolbox that the Lisa and Macintosh used for graphics. QuickDraw's performance was essential for the success of the Macintosh's graphical user interface. He also was one of the main designers of the Lisa and Macintosh user interfaces. Atkinson also conceived, designed and implemented HyperCard, the first popular hypermedia system.

Around 1990, General Magic's founding, with Bill Atkinson as one of the three co-founders, met the following press in Byte magazine:

The obstacles to General Magic's success may appear daunting, but General Magic is not your typical start-up company. Its partners include some of the biggest players in the worlds of computing, communications, and consumer electronics, and it's loaded with top-notch engineers who have been given a clean slate to reinvent traditional approaches to ubiquitous worldwide communications.[3]

In 2007 Atkinson began working as an outside developer with Numenta, a startup working on computer intelligence. On his work there Atkinson said, "what Numenta is doing is more fundamentally important to society than the personal computer and the rise of the Internet."[4]

Some of Atkinson's noteworthy contributions to the field of computing include:

Atkinson now works as a nature photographer. Actor Nelson Franklin portrayed him in the 2013 film, Jobs.


  1. ^ Walter Isaacson. The Innovators. 
  2. ^ Lemmons, Phil (February 1984). "An Interview: The Macintosh Design Team". BYTE (interview). p. 58. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Halfhill, Tom R.; Reinhardt, Andy (February 1994). "Just Like Magic?". Byte Magazine. Archived from the original on July 13, 1997. 
  4. ^ Schonfeld, Erick (March 6, 2007). "Jeff Hawkins and the Brain". Business 2.0 (CNN). Archived from the original on 25 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  5. ^ Isaacson, Walter (2011). "Steve Jobs". Simon & Schuster. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 

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