June 13, 1878|
North Brookfield, Massachusetts
|Died: December 19, 1943
|May 6, 1901, for the Cincinnati Reds|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 20, 1911, for the Brooklyn Dodgers|
|Runs batted in||193|
William Aloysius "Bill" Bergen (June 13, 1878 – December 19, 1943) was a Major League Baseball catcher in the early 20th century. Bergen was born in North Brookfield, Massachusetts, on June 13, 1878. He played eleven seasons in the National League, three with the Cincinnati Reds and eight with the Brooklyn Dodgers/Superbas.
At the plate
Bergen was a fine defensive catcher whose dubious claim to fame was his offensive ineptitude. No one played in the major leagues as long as Bill Bergen and hit so poorly. Bergen had 3,028 career at-bats, during which he compiled a batting average of .170, a record low for players with more than 2,500 plate appearances. Pitchers are traditionally the weakest-hitting player in the lineup, yet three hurlers with more than 2,500 plate appearances accrued higher career batting averages than Bergen: Pud Galvin with .201, Bobby Mathews with .203, and Cy Young with .210. Among position players (non-pitchers), the next lowest career batting average is Billy Sullivan with .213 (a remarkable .043 differential). Bergen's career on-base percentage (OBP) was .194—he is the only player with at least 500 at-bats who tallied an OBP under .200. During five of his major league seasons, both his OBP and slugging percentage were under .200. He hit only two home runs in his career—and both were inside-the-park. In 1909, Bergen hit .139, the lowest average in history for a player with the minimum number of plate appearances to qualify for the batting title. Throughout his 3,228 career plate appearances, Bergen was never hit by a pitch, a major league record that stood for over 85 years until broken by Mark Lemke in 1997.
In 1909, Bergen set another record for futility with a span of 46 consecutive at-bats without a base hit, the longest streak ever by a position player (non-pitcher). The record stood until 2011 when it was broken by Eugenio Vélez (who also, coincidentally, played for the Dodgers). From 1904 to 1911, Dodger pitchers as a group outhit Bergen, .169 to .162.
Behind the plate
Despite his lack of batting skills, Bergen remained an active major leaguer for so long because he played in an era when pitching dominated and he was a first-rate defensive catcher. In 1908, The Sporting News called him one of the best catchers in the game. Charles Faber, in his book Baseball Ratings, called Bergen the third-best defensive catcher in history, behind Gabby Hartnett and Pop Snyder, and ahead of Johnny Edwards and Roy Campanella. Total Baseball ranks Bergen the fifth-best defensive catcher of all-time. By the measure of win shares, Bergen was the second best defensive catcher in the majors during his career, trailing only Ossee Schreckengost of the Philadelphia Athletics.
Bergen ranks ninth on the all-time list for assists by a catcher with 1,444, despite never being a full-time player. His .989 fielding percentage in 1908 set a record (since broken) for catchers. On August 23, 1909, he threw out six St. Louis Cardinals who attempted to steal bases, a record that stands. His career percentage for throwing out base-stealers was 47.3%, as compared to a league average of 45% in that timeframe. He led the league in Caught Steals in 1906 and 1909.
Bergen tallied 100 assists as a catcher in nine seasons (in seven of which he caught less than 100 games), leading the league in 1904, 1906, and 1909. By comparison, the following Hall of Fame catchers reached 100 assists in a season the following number of times (despite in most cases playing far more games each season than Bergen) : Johnny Bench (1); Yogi Berra (0); Mickey Cochrane (0); Ray Schalk (10); Roger Bresnahan (6); Roy Campanella (0); Gary Carter (4); Bill Dickey (4); Carlton Fisk (0); Gabby Hartnett (2); Ernie Lombardi (0); Rick Ferrell (0); and Buck Ewing (4).
Most of the teams for which Bergen played were not very good, which could partly explain his being retained on rosters year after year. The Dodgers had a losing record every year Bergen was on the team, including a dismal 48–104 record in 1905. (The 1903 Cincinnati Reds were the only team he played on that finished with a winning record.) After he was released from the big leagues, Bergen played in the minor leagues until 1914. He coached and managed in minor league ball until 1920, at which point he retired from the game.
- Fangraphs list
- Bill Bergen at the SABR Bio Project, by Joe Dittmar, retrieved July 11, 2013
- Dittmar: Bergen's Hitless Streak Was 45, Not 46, SABR article retrieved July 11, 2013
- Pepper 50
- Pepper 51
- Catcher stats
- Pepper 48
- "Bill Bergen’s Awesome Record of Baseball Futility, By LYNN ZINSER, The New York Times, August 3, 2011
- 1903 Cincinnati Reds at Baseball-Reference.com
- "Fear Strikes Out: Mental Illness Turns Star Catcher Into an Axe Murderer"