Cosby in 2011
|Born||William Henry Cosby Jr.
July 12, 1937
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, author, producer, activist|
|Spouse(s)||Camille Hanks Cosby|
|Children||5, including Erika Cosby|
|Medium||Stand-up comedy, film, television|
|Genres||Observational comedy, satire, surreal humor, deadpan|
|Influenced||Chris Rock, Richard Pryor, Eddie Murphy|
|Notable works and roles|
William Henry "Bill" Cosby Jr. (born July 12, 1937) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, author, activist, and philanthropist.
Cosby's start in stand-up comedy began at the hungry i in San Francisco, followed by landing a starring role in the 1960s television show I Spy. During its first two seasons, he was also a regular on the children's television series The Electric Company.
Using the Fat Albert character developed during his stand-up routines, Cosby created, produced, and hosted the animated comedy television series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, a show centered on a group of young friends growing up in an urban area that ran from 1972 until 1985. Throughout the 1970s, Cosby starred in a number of films, occasionally returning to film later in his career. In 1976, Cosby earned a Doctor of Education degree from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His dissertation discussed the use of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids as a teaching tool in elementary schools.
Beginning in the 1980s, Cosby produced and starred in a television sitcom, The Cosby Show; the show aired from 1984 to 1992 and was rated as the number one show in America for five years, 1984 through 1989. The sitcom highlighted the experiences and growth of an affluent African-American family. Cosby produced the Cosby Show spin-off sitcom A Different World, which aired from 1987 to 1993; starred in the sitcom Cosby from 1996 to 2000; and hosted Kids Say the Darndest Things for two seasons, from 1998 to 2000.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Stand-up career
- 3 Acting career
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Socioeconomic and political views
- 6 Works
- 7 Awards and honors
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Cosby was born on July 12, 1937 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is one of four sons of Anna Pearl (née Hite), a maid, and William Henry Cosby Sr., who served as a cook in the U.S. Navy. During much of Cosby's early childhood, his father was away in the U.S. armed forces, spending several years fighting in World War II. As a student, he described himself as a class clown. Cosby was the captain of both the baseball team and the track and field team at Mary Channing Wister Public School in Philadelphia, as well as the class president. Early on, though, teachers noted his propensity for clowning around rather than studying. At FitzSimons Junior High School, Cosby began acting in plays as well as continuing his devotion to playing sports. He went on to Philadelphia's Central High School, a magnet and university prep school. In addition, Cosby was working before and after school, selling produce, shining shoes, and stocking shelves at a supermarket to help out the family. He transferred to Germantown High School, but failed the tenth grade. Instead of repeating, he got a job as an apprentice at a shoe repair shop, which he liked, but could not see himself doing the rest of his life. Subsequently, he joined the Navy, serving at the Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, Naval Station Argentia, Newfoundland and at the Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland. During his four years in the Navy, Cosby served as a Hospital Corpsman working in physical therapy with Navy and Marine Corps personnel injured during the Korean War.
He finished his equivalency diploma via correspondence courses and was awarded a track and field scholarship to Philadelphia's Temple University in 1961. There, he studied physical education while running track and playing fullback on the university's football team.
As Cosby progressed through his undergraduate studies, he continued to hone his talent for humor, joking with fellow enlistees in the service and then with college friends. When he began bartending at a Philadelphia club to earn money, he became more aware of his ability to make people laugh. After using humor on his customers and seeing his tips increase, he then took his talent to the stage.
Cosby left Temple to pursue a career in comedy, lining up standup jobs at clubs first in Philadelphia and then in New York City, where he appeared at The Gaslight Cafe beginning in 1962. He booked dates in cities such as Chicago, Las Vegas, San Francisco, Washington, D.C.. He received national exposure on NBC's The Tonight Show in the summer of 1963. This led to a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records, who, in 1964, released his debut LP Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow...Right!, the first of a series of comedy albums.
While many comics of the time were using the growing freedom of that decade to explore material that was controversial and sometimes risqué, Cosby was making his reputation with humorous recollections of his childhood. Many Americans wondered about the absence of race as a topic in Cosby's stories. As Cosby's success grew he had to defend his choice of material regularly; as he argued, "A white person listens to my act and he laughs and he thinks, 'Yeah, that's the way I see it too.' Okay. He's white. I'm Negro. And we both see things the same way. That must mean that we are alike. Right? So I figure this way I'm doing as much for good race relations as the next guy."
Younger, well-established comics like Jerry Seinfeld have credited Cosby as an innovator both as a practitioner of the genre of standup comedy, but also as a person who paved the way for comics to break into sitcom television. Seinfeld said of Cosby: "He opened a door for all of us, for all of the networks to even consider that this was a way to create a character, was to take someone who can hold an audience just by being up there and telling their story. He created that. He created the whole idea of taking a quote-unquote 'comic' and developing a TV show just from a persona that you see onstage." Comedian Larry Wilmore also saw a connection between Cosby's standup, in the concert film Bill Cosby: Himself, and the later success of the The Cosby Show, saying: "It's clear that the concert is the template for The Cosby Show."
Cosby remains an actively touring stand-up comedian, performing at theaters throughout the United States. He performed his first TV standup special in 30 years, Bill Cosby: Far From Finished, on Comedy Central on November 23, 2013.
||This section of a biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2014)|
In 1965, Cosby was cast alongside Robert Culp in the I Spy espionage adventure series on NBC. I Spy became the first weekly dramatic television series to feature an African American in a starring role. At first Cosby and NBC executives were concerned that some affiliates might be unwilling to carry the series. At the beginning of the 1965 season, four stations declined the show; they were in Georgia, Florida, and Alabama. Viewers were taken with the show's exotic locales and the authentic chemistry between the stars, and it became one of the ratings hits of that television season. I Spy finished among the twenty most-watched shows that year, and Cosby would be honored with three consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series. When accepting his third Emmy for the show, Cosby told the audience: “Let the message be known to bigots and racists that they don’t count!”
During the run of the series, Cosby continued to do stand-up comedy performances and recorded a half-dozen record albums for Warner Bros. Records. He also began to dabble in singing, recording Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings in 1967, which provided him with a hit single with his recording of Little Ole Man (Uptight, Everything's Alright). As a single, the song sold over one million copies in the U.S. (achieving "gold" status), and hit number 4 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart. He would record several more musical albums into the early 1970s, but he continued to record primarily stand-up comedy work.
Tetragrammaton Records was a division of the Campbell, Silver, Cosby (CSC) Corporation, the Los Angeles-based production company founded by Cosby, his manager Roy Silver, and filmmaker Bruce Post Campbell. It produced films as well as records, including Cosby's television specials, the Fat Albert cartoon special and series and several motion pictures. CSC hired industry veteran Artie Mogull as President of the label and Tetragrammaton was fairly active during 1968–69 (its most successful signing was British heavy rock band Deep Purple) but it quickly went into the red and ceased trading during 1970.
Fat Albert, The Bill Cosby Show, and the 1970s
Cosby pursued a variety of additional television projects and appeared as a regular guest host on The Tonight Show and as the star of an annual special for NBC. He returned with another series in 1969, The Bill Cosby Show, a situation comedy that ran for two seasons. Cosby played a physical education teacher at a Los Angeles high school. While only a modest critical success, the show was a ratings hit, finishing eleventh in its first season. Cosby was lauded for using African-American performers such as Lillian Randolph, Moms Mabley, and Rex Ingram as characters. According to commentary on the Season 1 DVD's for the show, Cosby was at odds with NBC over his refusal to include a laugh track in the show (he felt that viewers had the ability to find humor for themselves when watching a TV show). He was originally contracted with NBC to do the show for two seasons, and he believes the show was not renewed afterwards for that reason.
After The Bill Cosby Show left the air, Cosby returned to his education. He began graduate work at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. For the PBS series The Electric Company, Cosby recorded several segments teaching reading skills to young children.
In 1972, Cosby received an MA from the University of Massachusetts Amherst and was also back in prime time with a variety series, The New Bill Cosby Show. However, this time he met with poor ratings, and the show lasted only a season. More successful was a Saturday morning show, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, hosted by Cosby and based on his own childhood. That series ran from 1972 to 1979, and as The New Fat Albert Show in 1979 and The Adventures of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids in 1984. Some schools used the program as a teaching tool, and Cosby himself wrote a dissertation on it, "An Integration of the Visual Media Via 'Fat Albert And The Cosby Kids' Into the Elementary School Curriculum as a Teaching Aid and Vehicle to Achieve Increased Learning", as partial fulfillment of obtaining his 1976 doctorate in education, also from the University of Massachusetts. Subsequently, Temple University, where Cosby had begun but never finished his undergraduate studies, would grant him his bachelor's degree on the basis of "life experience."
Also during the 1970s, Cosby and other African-American actors, including Sidney Poitier, joined forces to make some successful comedy films that countered the violent "blaxploitation" films of the era. Uptown Saturday Night (1974) and Let's Do It Again (1975) were generally praised, but much of Cosby's film work has fallen flat. Mother, Jugs & Speed (1976), costarring Raquel Welch and Harvey Keitel; A Piece of the Action, with Poitier; and California Suite, a compilation of four Neil Simon plays, were all panned. In addition, Cos (1976) an hour-long variety show featuring puppets, sketches, and musical numbers, was canceled within the year. It was during this season that ABC decided to take advantage of this phase of Cosby's career by associating with Filmation (producers of Fat Albert) in creating live-action segments starring Cosby for the 1964/1971 animated film Journey Back to Oz, which made its network premiere on Christmas 1976, and aired subsequently in syndication. Cosby was also a regular on children's public television programs starting in the 1970s, hosting the "Picture Pages" segments that lasted into the early 1980s.
The Cosby Show and the 1980s
Cosby's greatest television success came in September 1984 with the debut of The Cosby Show. The program aired weekly on NBC and went on to become the highest ranking sitcom of all time. For Cosby, the new situation comedy was a response to the increasingly violent and vulgar fare the networks usually offered. Cosby is an advocate for humor that is family-oriented. He insisted on and received total creative control of the series, and he was involved in every aspect of the series. The show had parallels to Cosby's actual family life: like the characters Cliff and Claire Huxtable, Cosby and his wife Camille were college educated, financially successful, and had five children. Essentially a throwback to the wholesome family situation comedy, The Cosby Show was unprecedented in its portrayal of an intelligent, affluent, African-American family.
Much of the material from the pilot and first season of The Cosby Show was taken from his video Bill Cosby: Himself, released in 1983. The series was an immediate success, debuting near the top of the ratings and staying there for most of its long run. The Cosby Show is one of only three American programs that have been #1 in the Nielsen ratings for at least five consecutive seasons, along with All in the Family and American Idol. People magazine called the show "revolutionary", and Newsday concurred that it was a "real breakthrough."
In 1987, Cosby attempted to return to film with the spy spoof Leonard Part 6. Although Cosby himself was producer and wrote the story, he realized during production that the film was not going to be what he wanted and publicly denounced it, warning audiences to stay away. Cosby even went so far as to personally collect the Golden Raspberry Awards the film received on Joan Rivers' late-night talk show.
1990s and 2000s
After The Cosby Show went off the air in 1992, Cosby embarked on a number of other projects, including a revival of the classic Groucho Marx game show You Bet Your Life (1992–93) along with the TV-movie I Spy Returns (1994) and The Cosby Mysteries (1994). In the mid-1990s, he appeared as a detective in black-and-white film noir-themed commercials for Turner Classic Movies. He made appearances in three more films: Ghost Dad (1990), The Meteor Man (1993), and Jack (1996). In addition, he was interviewed in Spike Lee's 4 Little Girls (1997), a documentary about the 1963 racist bombing of a church in Birmingham, Alabama.
Also in 1996, he started up a new show for CBS, Cosby, again co-starring Phylicia Rashād, his onscreen wife on The Cosby Show. Cosby co-produced the show for Carsey-Werner Productions. The show was based on the British program One Foot in the Grave. It centered on Cosby as Hilton Lucas, an iconoclastic senior citizen who tries to find a new job after being downsized and, in the meantime, gets on his wife's nerves. Madeline Kahn costarred as Rashād's goofy business partner Pauline. Cosby was hired by CBS to be the official spokesman of the WWJ-TV during an advertising campaign from 1995 to 1998. Cosby hosted a CBS special, Kids Say the Darndest Things on February 6, 1995, which was followed after as a full season show, with Cosby as host, from January 9, 1998 to June 23, 2000.
After four seasons, Cosby was canceled. Its last episode aired April 28, 2000. Kids Say the Darndest Things was terminated the same year, and Cosby continued to work with CBS through a development deal and other projects.
A series for preschoolers, Little Bill, made its debut on Nickelodeon in 1999. The network renewed the popular program in November 2000. In 2001, Cosby's agenda included the publication of a new book, as well as delivering the commencement addresses at Morris Brown College, Ohio State University, and at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Also that year, he signed a deal with 20th Century Fox to develop a live-action feature film centering on the popular Fat Albert character from his 1970s cartoon series. Fat Albert was released in theaters in December 2004. In May 2007 he spoke at the Commencement of High Point University.
A new NBC show, scheduled for summer or autumn 2015, created by Mike O'Malley and Mike Sikowitz and to have been produced by The Cosby Show's Tom Werner, was set to feature Cosby as Jonathan Franklin, the patriarch of a multi-generational family. On November 19, 2014, NBC scrapped Cosby's new show after accusations that he sexually assaulted women resurfaced. On the same day, TV Land announced in November that it was pulling reruns of The Cosby Show from its schedule and also removed clips of the show from its website.
Cosby married Camille Olivia Hanks on January 25, 1964. Together, they have had five children, Erika, Erinn, Ensa, Evin, and Ennis. Their only son, Ennis, was murdered on January 16, 1997, while changing a flat tire on the side of Interstate 405 in Los Angeles. The Cosbys have three grandchildren.
Cosby has hosted the Los Angeles Playboy Jazz Festival since 1979. Known as a jazz drummer, he can also be seen playing bass guitar with Jerry Lewis and Sammy Davis, Jr. on Hugh Hefner's 1970s talk show. His story, "The Regular Way", was featured in Playboy 's December 1968 issue. Cosby has become an active member of The Jazz Foundation of America. Cosby became involved with the foundation in 2004. For several years, he has been a featured host for its annual benefit, A Great Night in Harlem, at the Apollo Theater in New York City.
Cosby is an alumnus supporter of his alma mater, Temple University, particularly its men's basketball team, whose games Cosby frequently attends. He is also a member of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity; he was initiated in the fraternity's Beta Alpha Alpha graduate chapter in White Plains, New York, in 1988.
Shawn Upshaw paternity lawsuit
In July 1997, Cosby testified that he made private payments to Shawn Upshaw, a woman who had briefly been his lover in Las Vegas during the early 1970s. Upshaw later told Cosby that he was the father of her daughter, Autumn Jackson. Cosby denies being the father and said that he gave Upshaw a total of about $100,000 because he did not want her to publicly reveal the affair. Twenty-two-year-old Autumn Jackson was sentenced to 26 months in jail for trying to extort $40 million from Cosby. In the trial and subsequent appeal, the courts held that Jackson's belief as that she was Cosby's child—even if sincere—was irrelevant to the question of her guilt. The courts stated that the mere fact that she was Cosby's child would not have given entitled her to the $40 million she demanded, and therefore the demand was extortionate whether or not she believed herself to be Cosby's daughter. Although both Jackson and Cosby stated at various times that they were willing to undergo DNA testing to determine Jackson's paternity, the two sides never reached an agreement as to when and how to perform the test. After Jackson's conviction, Cosby provided a blood sample for testing, but Jackson refused to participate until after her sentencing. It appears[to whom?] that the test was never completed.
Sexual assault allegations
Cosby has been accused of sexual assault by over 40 women, although he has denied wrongdoing and has not faced any criminal charges. The dates of the alleged assaults span from 1965 to 2008. Seventeen of the accusers have been represented by attorney Gloria Allred. People noted "no civil lawsuits based on the allegations are currently pending due to the statute of limitations in the various jurisdictions in which they have been made." He had declined to publicly discuss the accusations in past interviews offering no comment and after an NPR interview "he told a reporter that asking him about the allegations was a mark of low integrity", he later told Florida Today, "people shouldn’t have to go through that and shouldn’t answer to innuendos." In May 2015 he responded "I have been in this business 52 years and I've never seen anything like this. Reality is a situation and I can't speak."
In January 2000, then 20-year-old actress Lachele Covington, who had played a waitress on Cosby, alleged he had groped her, the district attorney's office "decided no crime had been committed". In January 2004, Andrea Constand, a former Temple University employee, accused him of drugging and fondling her but in February 2005, Montgomery County's District Attorney said there would be no charges due to "insufficient credible and admissible evidence". Constand filed a civil claim in March 2005 with thirteen women as potential witnesses if the case went to court. Cosby settled out of court for an undisclosed amount in November 2006. Hearing that charges were not being pursued in the case, California lawyer Tamara Lucier Green, the only woman in the prior case who was publicly named came forward with allegations in February 2005 that Cosby had drugged and assaulted her in the 1970s. His lawyer said that Cosby did not know her and the events did not happen. In a July 2005 Philadelphia Daily News interview, Beth Ferrier, one of the anonymous "Jane Doe" witnesses in the Constand case alleged that in 1984 he drugged her coffee and she awoke with her clothes partially removed.
In October 2014, comedian Hannibal Buress's routine criticizing Cosby for 'talking down' to young black men about their mode of dress and lifestyle, while, according to Burress: "[Y]ou raped women", went viral after being posted on Philadelphia's website. This may have resulted in more media coverage of previous accusations, and contributed to more allegations being made. In November 2014, journalist Joan Tarshis, model Janice Dickinson, actress Louisa Moritz, Carla Ferrigno (actor Lou Ferrigno's wife), Florida nurse Therese Serignese, Playboy Playmates Victoria Valentino, and Sarita Butterfield, actress Michelle Hurd, and 11 other women also made accusations of incidents allegedly occurring between 1965 and 2004. His attorney stated that Dickinson's account differed from prior accounts she gave of the incident, and released a statement that said in part: "Mr. Cosby does not intend to dignify these allegations with any comment." A follow-up statement dismissed the allegations as unsubstantial, lacking in evidence, and an attempt to vilify Cosby. A joint statement from Cosby and Andrea Constant, who had received a civil case settlement in 2006, clarified the statement released a few days prior did not refer to Constand's case which was resolved years ago. Amid mounting pressure to cut ties with the long-time face of the university due to the now 20 cases in the public eye, in December 2014 Cosby resigned from Temple University's board of trustees. An honorary title and status of Chief Petty Officer given to Cosby in 2011 by the United States Navy, in which he had served in the 1950s, was revoked in December as a result of the allegations. NBC also scrapped a comedy he had in development.
In December 2014, Judy Huth filed a lawsuit alleging sexually assault in 1974 at the Playboy Mansion when she was 15 years old. The same month in an article by model Beverly Johnson in Vanity Fair she alleges she was drugged during an audition in 1986, and has spoken with other women who also claim to have been drugged and possibly fondled. In January 2015, Cindra Ladd, wife of former MGM/UA CEO Alan Ladd, Jr., alleged that Cosby drugged and sexually assaulted her in 1969. In May 2015 Lili Bernard claimed that Cosby sexually assaulted her in 1992. Because that state has no statute of limitations for rape, Bernard hoped charges will be brought, however media reports noted, "it wasn't clear ... if what [Bernard] says happened to her happened in New Jersey."
Socioeconomic and political views
In May 2004, after receiving an award at the celebration of the 50th Anniversary commemoration of the Brown v. Board of Education ruling—a ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court that outlawed racial segregation in schools—Cosby made public remarks critical of African Americans who put higher priorities on sports, fashion, and "acting hard" than on education, self-respect, and self-improvement, pleading for African-American families to educate their children on the many different aspects of American culture.
In the "Pound Cake" speech, Cosby asked that African-American parents teach their children better morals at a younger age. Cosby told The Washington Times, "Parenting needs to come to the forefront. If you need help and you don't know how to parent, we want to be able to reach out and touch" (DeBose, Brian).[page needed] Richard Leiby of The Washington Post reported, "Bill Cosby was anything but politically correct in his remarks Monday night at a Constitution Hall bash commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision."
Cosby again came under sharp criticism and was again largely unapologetic for his stance when he made similar remarks during a speech in a July 1 meeting commemorating the anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education. During that speech, he admonished apathetic blacks for not assisting or concerning themselves with the individuals who are involved with crime or have counter-productive aspirations. He further described those who needed attention as blacks who "had forgotten the sacrifices of those in the Civil Rights Movement."
In 2005, Georgetown University sociology professor Michael Eric Dyson wrote a book entitled Is Bill Cosby Right? Or Has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind? In the book, Dyson wrote that Cosby was overlooking larger social factors that reinforce poverty and associated crime; factors such as deteriorating schools, stagnating wages, dramatic shifts in the economy, offshoring and downsizing, chronic underemployment, and job and capital flight. Dyson suggested that Cosby's comments "betray classist, elitist viewpoints rooted in generational warfare."
Cornel West defended Cosby and his remarks, saying, "he's speaking out of great compassion and trying to get folk to get on the right track, 'cause we've got some brothers and sisters who are not doing the right things, just like in times in our own lives, we don't do the right thing... He is trying to speak honestly and freely and lovingly, and I think that's a very positive thing."
In a 2008 interview, Cosby mentioned Atlanta, Georgia; Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; Oakland, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Springfield, Massachusetts, among the cities where crime was high and young African-American men were being murdered and jailed in disproportionate numbers. Cosby stood his ground against criticism and affirmed that African-American parents were continuing to fail to inculcate proper standards of moral behavior. Cosby still lectures to black communities (usually at churches) about his frustrations with certain problems prevalent in underprivileged urban communities, such as illegal drugs; teenage pregnancy; Black Entertainment Television; high-school dropouts; anti-intellectualism; gangsta rap; vulgarity; thievery; offensive clothing; vanity; parental alienation; single-parenting; and failing to live up to the ideals of Frederick Douglass, Martin Luther King, Jr., and African-Americans who preceded Generation X.
Cosby has also been openly critical of conservative Republican politicians in regards to their views on socioeconomic and racial issues. In a 2013 CNN interview regarding voting rights, Cosby stated "this Republican Party is not the Republican Party of 1863, of Abraham Lincoln, abolitionists and slavery, is not good. I think it's important for us to look at the underlying part of it. What is the value of it? Is it that some people are angry because my people no longer want to work for free?"
- Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow...Right! (1963)
- I Started Out as a Child (1964)
- Why Is There Air? (1965)
- Wonderfulness (1966)
- Revenge (1967)
- To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With (1968)
- 200 M.P.H. (1968)
- 8:15 12:15 (1969)
- It's True! It's True! (1969)
- Sports (1969)
- Live: Madison Square Garden Center (1970)
- When I Was a Kid (1971)
- For Adults Only (1971)
- Bill Cosby Talks to Kids About Drugs (1971)
- Inside the Mind of Bill Cosby (1972)
- Fat Albert (1973)
- My Father Confused Me... What Must I Do? What Must I Do? (1977)
- Bill's Best Friend (1978)
- Bill Cosby: Himself (1982)
- Those of You With or Without Children, You'll Understand (1986)
- Oh, Baby! (1991)
- Bill Cosby: Far from Finished (TV broadcast on November 23, 2013, Blu-ray, DVD, CD and digital distribution on November 26, 2013)
- Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings (1967)
- Bill Cosby Sings Hooray for the Salvation Army Band! (1968)
- Badfoot Brown & the Bunions Bradford Funeral & Marching Band (1971)
- Charles Mingus and Friends in Concert - As master of ceremonies (Columbia, 1972)
- Bill Cosby Presents Badfoot Brown & the Bunions Bradford Funeral Marching Band (1972)
- At Last Bill Cosby Really Sings (1974)
- Bill Cosby Is Not Himself These Days (1976)
- Disco Bill (1977)
- Where You Lay Your Head (1990)
- My Appreciation (1991)
- Hello Friend: To Ennis, With Love (1997)
- Quincy Jones & Bill Cosby – The Original Jam Sessions 1969 (2004)
- Quincy Jones & Bill Cosby – The New Mixes Vol. 1 (2004)
- State of Emergency (2009)
- Keep Standing (2010)
|1967||"Little Ol' Man (Uptight—Everything's Alright)"||4||18|
|1970||"Grover Henson Feels Forgotten"||70||—|
|1976||"I Luv Myself Better Than I Luv Myself"||—||59|
|"Yes, Yes, Yes"||46||11|
|1965-1968||I Spy||Alexander Scott||TV series|
|1969||Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice||Patron at nightclub (uncredited)|
|1969||Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert||Bill / Fat Albert / Dumb Donald (voice)||TV movie|
|1969-1971||The Bill Cosby Show||Chet Kincaid||TV series|
|1971-1973||The Electric Company||Hank||TV series|
|1971||Man and Boy||Caleb Revers||TV movie|
|1972||The New Bill Cosby Show||Host||TV series|
|1972-1985||Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids||"Fat" Albert Jackson (voice)||TV series|
|1972||To All My Friends on Shore||Blue||TV movie|
|1972||Hickey & Boggs||Al Hickey|
|1974||Uptown Saturday Night||Wardell Franklin|
|1974||Journey Back to Oz||The Wizard of Oz||TV version only|
|1975||Let's Do It Again||Billy Foster|
|1976||Mother, Jugs & Speed||Mother|
|1977||A Piece of the Action||Dave Anderson|
|1978||Top Secret||Aaron Strickland||TV movie|
|1978||California Suite||Dr. Willis Panama|
|1981||The Devil and Max Devlin||Barney Satin|
|1984-1992||The Cosby Show||Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable||TV series|
|1987||Leonard Part 6||Leonard Parker|
|1987||A Different World||Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable||TV series|
|1990||Ghost Dad||Elliot Hopper|
|1992-1993||You Bet Your Life||Host||TV series|
|1993||The Meteor Man||Marvin|
|1994||The Cosby Mysteries||Guy Hanks||TV movie|
|1994-1995||The Cosby Mysteries||Guy Hanks||TV series|
|1994||I Spy Returns||Alexander Scott||TV movie|
|1996-2000||Cosby||Hilton Lucas||TV series|
|1998-2000||Kids Say the Darndest Things||Host||TV series|
|1999-2004||Little Bill||Captain Brainstorm (voice)||TV series|
|2002||Sylvia's Path||Voice||TV movie|
|2014||Bill Cosby 77||Himself|
- Cosby, Bill (1986). Fatherhood. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-23410-8. OCLC 15686687.
- Cosby, Bill (1987). Time Flies. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-24040-6. OCLC 16081611.
- Cosby, Bill (1989). Love and Marriage. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-24664-4. OCLC 18984758.
- Cosby, Bill (1991). Childhood. New York: Putnam. ISBN 978-0-399-13647-4. OCLC 23650310.
- Cosby, Bill (1998). Kids Say the Darndest Things. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-11043-2. OCLC 39498709.
- Cosby, Bill (1999). Congratulations! Now What?: A Book for Graduates. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6572-7. OCLC 40979923.
- Allen, Dwight William; Cosby, Bill (2000). American Schools: The $100 Billion Challenge. New York: IPublish.com. ISBN 978-0-7595-5000-1. OCLC 48915448.
- Cosby, Bill; Booth, George (2001). Cosbyology: Essays and Observations from the Doctor of Comedy. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6810-0. OCLC 46359836.
- Cosby, Bill (2003). I Am What I Ate ... and I'm Frightened!!!: And Other Digressions from the Doctor of Comedy. New York: HarperEntertainment. ISBN 978-0-06-054573-4. OCLC 52387894.
- Cosby, Bill; Cosby, Erika (2003). Friends of a Feather: One of Life's Little Fables. New York: Harper Entertainment. ISBN 978-0-06-009147-7. OCLC 52206847.
- Cosby, Bill; Poussaint, Alvin F. (2007). Come on, People: On the Path from Victims to Victors. Nashville: Thomas Nelson. ISBN 978-1-59555-092-7. OCLC 153581209.
- Cosby, Bill (2011). I Didn't Ask to Be Born (But I'm Glad I Was). New York: Center Street. ISBN 978-0-89296-920-3. OCLC 707964887.
Awards and honors
- 1969: Received his third Man of the Year award from Harvard University's performance group the Hasty Pudding Theatricals
- 1991: Induction into the Television Hall of Fame
- 1998: Received the Kennedy Center Honor
- 2002: The Presidential Medal of Freedom for his contributions to television
- 2002: The scholar Molefi Kete Asante included him in his book The 100 Greatest African Americans.
- 2003: The Bob Hope Humanitarian Award
- 2005: In a British poll to find the Comedian's Comedian, he was voted among the top-50 comedy acts ever by fellow comedians and comedy insiders
- 2010: Received the Lone Sailor Award by the United States Navy Memorial
- 2009: Presented with the 12th annual Mark Twain Prize for American Humor
- 2011: Made an honorary Chief Petty Officer (Hospital Corpsman) in the United States Navy The Navy revoked this award on December 4, 2014.
Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series – Primetime Emmys
1966 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1967 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1968 I Spy – Alexander Scott
Outstanding Variety Or Musical Program – Primetime Emmys
1969 The Bill Cosby Special
Best Comedy Performance – Grammy Awards
1965 I Started Out as a Child
1966 Why Is There Air?
1969 To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With
1987 Those of You with or Without Children, You'll Understand
Best Recording for Children – Grammy Awards
1972 Bill Cosby Talks to Kids About Drugs
1971 The Electric Company – Cast member
Cosby has received honorary degrees from more than a dozen colleges and universities:
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Boston University, May 18, 2014
- Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Marquette University, May 19, 2013.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Virginia Commonwealth University, December 5, 2008.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Carnegie Mellon University, May 20, 2007; he was also the keynote speaker for the commencement ceremony.
- Honorary Doctor of Music degree from Berklee College of Music, May 8, 2004. Cosby was also the host of the school's 60th Anniversary Concert in January 2006.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Baylor University, September 4, 2003, at the "Spirit Rally" for the Baylor and Central Texas communities.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Yale University, May 26, 2003.
- Honorary Degree in 2003 presented by President William Harjo LoneFight from the Sisseton Wahpeton College on the Lake Traverse Reservation for his contributions to minority education.
- Honorary Doctorate from West Chester University of Pennsylvania during the 2003 graduation ceremony.
- Honorary Doctorate from Drew University during the 2002 graduation ceremony.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Haverford College, May 2002.
- Honorary Degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the University of Cincinnati in 2001.
- Honorary Doctorate from Amherst College, May 1999. (Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa)
- Honorary Doctorate from Colgate University, May 22, 1999; he was also the keynote speaker for the commencement ceremony.
- Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Southern California, May 8, 1998.
- Cosby served as the commencement speaker and received an Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from the University of Connecticut, May 18, 1996.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Swarthmore College, 1995.
- Honorary LL.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, 1990. He also served as the commencement speaker in May 1997.
- List of comedians
- List of Omega Psi Phi brothers
- List of Temple University people
- List of University of Massachusetts Amherst alumni
- Chris Rock: Bring the Pain (TV). HBO. 1996.[page needed]
- "Classic TV & Movie Hits - The Cosby Show". Classictvhits.com. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1215) (Time Inc.). Jul 13, 2012. p. 20.
- "Bill Cosby Biography (1937–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- "A Glimpse at Bill Cosby's Virginia Roots". Genealogymagazine.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- "Bill Cosby Trivia". TV.com. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Bill Cosby and Me – Behind the Lens". The Washington Post. September 11, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- Ghare, Madhavi. "Bill Cosby Biography". Buzzle.com. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- William Morris Agency, retrieved May 31, 2006
- "Transition Profile — Bill Cosby". Veterans Careers. Military.com. Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved May 31, 2007.
- "Bill Cosby". The Kennedy Center. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby". Ebony Society of Philatelic Events and Reflections. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
- Verve Records, retrieved May 31, 2006[dead link]
- Smith, Ronald L. (1997). Cosby: The Life of a Comedy Legend. Prometheus Books. p. 57. ISBN 1-57392-126-2.
- Penn, Nathaniel (May 2013). "The 30th Anniversary of Bill Cosby: Himself —An All-Star Stand-Up Salute".
- Genzlinger, Neil (November 22, 2013). "The Art of Burning Rubber vs. Steady Wins the Race". The New York Times.
- Coatesq, Ta-Nehisi (May 2008). "‘This Is How We Lost to the White Man’: The audacity of Bill Cosby’s black conservatism". TheAtlantic.com. The Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Jackson, Andrew Grant (2015). 1965: The Most Revolutionary Year in Music. St. Martins Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-1-250-05962-8. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (September 15, 2014). "The Eternal Paternal Bill Cosby’s never-ending tour.". NewYorker.com. The New Yorker. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Cosby To Exit WB in August To Join Own Record Firm", Billboard, June 1, 1968, p.1
- "TetragrammatonAlbum Discography". Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- The first 22 pages of his dissertation are available at the UMI ProQuest Dissertation Abstracts, publication number AAT 7706369
- Holznagel. "From Dropout to Doctorate: A Bill Cosby Educational Timeline". Who2 Biographies. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
- "Bill Cosby". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle F. (October 17, 2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present (9 ed.). Ballantine Books. pp. 736–737. ISBN 0-345-49773-2.
- Bill Cosby to be Rensselaer’s Commencement Speaker
- Georgia Brown (March 16, 2007). "Five top comedy festivals around the world | Travel | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "Is there still a place in television for Bill Cosby?". Washington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "New Bill Cosby TV show scrapped by NBC". BBC News. 19 November 2014.
- "TV Land Pulls The Cosby Show From Its Lineup". TIME Magazine. November 19, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby sitcom scrapped by NBC amid growing sexual-assault allegations". Toronto Star. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Bill Cosby Comes Clean". NewsObserver. January 20, 2012.
- "Q&A: Bill Cosby Talks Family, Faith and Tim Tebow". Christian Post.
- "Bill Cosby settles lawsuit in drug, sexual assault case". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. November 9, 2006.
- Cosby, Bill (December 1968). "The Regular Way". Playboy. p. 115.
- famegame.com. 2009-13-10. URL: http://www.famegame.com/person/Bill_Cosby. Accessed: 2009-13-10. (Archived by famegame.com at http://www.famegame.com/person/Bill_Cosby)
- bmi.com. 2009-13-10. URL: http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/233021. Accessed: 2009-13-10. (Archived by bmi.com at http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/233021)
- nytimes.com. 2009-13-10. URL: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C05E5DB1031F934A25756C0A9619C8B63. Accessed: 2009-13-10. (Archived by nytimes.com at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C05E5DB1031F934A25756C0A9619C8B63)
- "Beta Alpha Alpha Chapter Lines". Beta Alpha Alpha Chapter of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Goldman, John (July 16, 1997). "Cosby Testifies About Secret Payments". Los Angeles Times.
- Weiser, Benjamin (November 16, 1999). "Judges Reinstate Conviction In Extortion of Bill Cosby". The New York Times.
- "Woman refuses test to see if Bill Cosby is her father". July 26, 1997. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Gliatto, Tom (August 11, 1997). "The Tears of Autumn". People.com. People Magazine. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- O'Connor, Lydia (April 23, 2015). "Three New Alleged Bill Cosby Victims Come Forward". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- Pelisek, Christine (April 23, 2015). "3 More Bill Cosby Accusers Come Forward, Alleging Drugging and Sexual Assaults". People Magazine. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Bill Cosby's Long List of Accusers". The Daily Beast. November 24, 2014.
- Seemayer, Zach (February 26, 2015). "Bill Cosby's Accusers: A Timeline of Alleged Sexual Assault Claims (Updated)". ET Online. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Filipa Ioannou, Ben Mathis-Lilley, and Elliot Hannon (November 21, 2014). "A Complete List of the Women Who Have Accused Bill Cosby of Sexual Assault". Slate.com. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Puente, Maria (May 1, 2015). "Cosby accuser aims for criminal charges". USAtoday.com. USA Today. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Cosby accuser aims for criminal charges". Usatoday.com. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
- Olya, Gabrielle. "Bill Cosby: The Latest on His Legal Drama". People. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "Bill Cosby defiant about answering sexual assault allegations". KFOR-TV DIGITAL DESK AND CNN WIRE. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- "Bill Cosby addresses sexual misconduct allegations for the first time". The Week. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "Actress' Bombshell: ‘Cos' Rubbed Me the Wrong Way". Nypost.com. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby Rape Claims: Lachele Covington, Cosby Show Actress, Accused Cosby of Attempted Abuse". Theepochtimes.com. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- Woolf, Nicky. "The Bill Cosby sexual abuse claims – accusation by accusation". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Cosby, Canadian woman settle lawsuit over alleged assault". November 8, 2006. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- CNN, Library (July 3, 2014). "Bill Cosby Fast Facts". CNN. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- McDonald, Soraya Nadia (October 31, 2014). "Is the world starting to turn against Bill Cosby?". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- Fiorillo, Victor (November 17, 2014). "Q&A: New Bill Cosby Accuser Joan Tarshis". Philadelphia. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- Carter, Bill (November 14, 2014). "Cosby Is Off Another Show as Rape Accusations Swirl". The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- Leopold, Todd (November 12, 2014). "Rape allegations won't go away for Bill Cosby". CNN. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Woman Details Alleged Cosby Sex Assault". Foxnews.com. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Matt Giles and Nate Jones (March 3, 2015). "A Timeline of the Abuse Charges Against Bill Cosby [Updated]". Vulture.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- McQuade, Dan (October 17, 2014). "Hannibal Buress on Bill Cosby: You're a Rapist". Phillymag.com. Philadelphia Magazine. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Braxton, Greg (November 24, 2014). "Comic Hannibal Buress is low-key on his role in Bill Cosby firestorm". Latimes.com. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Hughes, Jason (November 18, 2014). "Bill Cosby Is a ‘Serial Rapist,’ Accuser Joan Tarshis Tells CNN's Don Lemon (Video)". Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Bueno, Antoinette (November 18, 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: Janice Dickinson Details Bill Cosby Sexual Assault Accusations: He Raped Me". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Lou Ferrigno's wife Carla Ferrigno accuses Bill Cosby of assault; more come forward". Fox News. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "Therese Serignese, Florida Nurse, Says Bill Cosby Drugged And Raped Her In 1976". The Huffington Post. November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby’s legacy, recast: Accusers speak in detail about sexual-assault allegations". Washington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "Playboy bunny claims Bill Cosby tried to kiss, fondle her". NY Daily News. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby’s Long List of Accusers (So Far): 18 Alleged Sexual Assault Victims Between 1965-2004". The Daily Beast. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "7th Accuser Joins Claims of Assault by Bill Cosby". The New York Times. November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby Lawyer Disputes Janice Dickinson's Rape Claim". Variety.
- "Statement by Martin D. Singer, attorney for Bill Cosby". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby - News". billcosby.com. November 17, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Snyder, Susan (1 December 2014). "Cosby steps down from Temple board". Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- Bill Cosby's honorary chief status revoked amid controversy; Navy Times, 4 Dec 2014
- Bill Cosby Stripped of Honorary Title Given by Navy, Huff Post, Dec 4 2014
- Payne, Ed (3 December 2014). "Woman sues Bill Cosby for alleged sexual assault in 1974, when she was 15". CNN. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Bill Cosby Drugged Me. This Is My Story.". Vanity Fair. December 11, 2014.
- Fisher, Luchina (January 27, 2015). "Bill Cosby Faces New Accuser, Cindra Ladd". Good Morning America via ABC News.
- Father's Day with Bill Cosby, an American Original http://www.salem-news.com/articles/june172013/bill-cosby-ab.php
- Bill Cosby: Charity Work & Causes - Look to the Stars https://www.looktothestars.org/celebrity/bill-cosby
- "Publicists With a Cannes-Do Attitude". The Washington Post. May 19, 2004.
- "Fattah Lauds Bill Cosby as "Hometown Hero"". fattah.house.gov. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- Is Bill Cosby Right or Is the Black Middle Class Out of Touch? (Map). National Public Radio. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- Dyson, Michael Eric. The Injustice Bill Cosby Won't See (Map). The Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Cornel West radio clip played on Tavis Smiley edition "Bill Cosby: Airdate May 26, 2004"
- "Cosby to blacks: Come on people, it's time for change". Chicago Tribune. June 2, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- "http://www.bet.com/news/politics/2013/03/06/bill-cosby-sounds-off-on-the-gop.html". BET. March 6, 2013.
- TV News Desk. "VIDEO: BILL COSBY: FAR FROM FINISHED on Blu-Ray/DVD Today". Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "BIOGRAPHY OF BILL COSBY". John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Archived from the original on February 16, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
- Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). The 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.
- "Lone Sailor Award recipients". navymemorial.org.
- Mass, Chief. "MCPON Designates Bill Cosby Honorary Chief". Navy.mil. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- "BU to Confer Honorary Degree on Bill Cosby". Boston University BU Today. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- "Bill Cosby is Marquette University’s spring Commencement speaker". Marquette University Office of Marketing and Communication. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "VCU 40th Anniversary Events". Virginia Commonwealth University. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Commencement 2007: Celebrating Honors and Achievements". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Retiring College President Lee Eliot Berk and Bill Cosby Honored at Berklee College of Music's 2004 Commencement" (Press release). Berklee College of Music. May 8, 2004. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Three Score: The Berklee 60th Anniversary Concert". Berklee College of Music. January 28, 2006. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Bill Cosby Lifts Baylor, Waco Spirits At "Pep Rally"". Baylor University. September 5, 2003. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Honorary Degrees". Yale Bulletin and Calendar 31 (31). June 6, 2003. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Bill Cosby Commencement Speech 2002". Drew University. May 2002. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). Haverford College. July 7, 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 8, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Bill Cosby: Commencement Speaker". Newswise. May 22, 1999. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- "A Joyous Day of Academic Celebration - USC's 115th Commencement, May 8, 1998". USC News. May 8, 1998. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "Commencement: Honorary Degrees". University of Connecticut. May 18, 1996. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Commencement: Honorary Degrees". University of Connecticut. May 18, 1996. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Past Speakers and Honorary Degree Recipients". Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- "Commencement: Honorary Degrees". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Commencement: Speakers Since 1938". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- DeBose, Brian (September 9, 2004). "Cosby urges leaders to aid black families". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on December 9, 2007. Retrieved November 4, 2007.
- Leiby, Richard. "Publications with a Cannes-Do Attitude." Washington Post. May 19, 2004: 3.
- Morano, Marc. "Bill Cosby was hounded by President Nixon." World Entertainment News Network. May 1, 2000. March 2, 2006. www.imdb.com
- "Segregated Expectations" USA Today. May 15, 2003: 12.
- Wu, Frank H. "Brown at 50: Keeping Promises." Black Issues in Higher Education. May 20, 2004: 49
- "Biography — William Henry "Bill" Cosby Jr.". Biographies in Naval History. Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. June 22, 2006. Archived from the original on October 26, 2007. Retrieved November 4, 2007.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bill Cosby.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bill Cosby|
- Official website
- Bill Cosby at the Internet Movie Database
- Bill Cosby at the Internet Broadway Database