|Birth name||William Robert Dixon|
|Born||October 5, 1925|
Nantucket, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||June 16, 2010(aged 84)|
|Occupation(s)||Composer, visual artist, educator, musician|
|Instruments||Trumpet, flugelhorn, piano|
|Associated acts||Archie Shepp, Cecil Taylor|
Bill Dixon (October 5, 1925 – June 16, 2010) was an American musician, composer, visual artist, and educator. Dixon was one of the seminal figures in the free jazz movement. He played the trumpet, flugelhorn, and piano, often using electronic delay and reverberation.
Dixon hailed from Nantucket, Massachusetts. His family later moved to Harlem, New York City when he was about seven. His studies in music came relatively late in life, at the Hartnette Conservatory of Music (1946–1951). He studied painting at Boston University and the WPA Arts School and the Art Students League. During the early 1950s he had a job at the United Nations and founded the UN Jazz Society.
In the 1960s Dixon established himself as a major force in the jazz avant-garde movement. In 1964, Dixon organized and produced the 'October Revolution in Jazz', four days of music and discussions at the Cellar Café in Manhattan. The participants included notable musicians Cecil Taylor and Sun Ra among others. It was the first free-jazz festival of its kind. Dixon later founded the Jazz Composers Guild, a cooperative organization that sought to create bargaining power with club owners and effect greater media visibility. He was relatively little recorded during this period, though he co-led some releases with Archie Shepp and appeared on Cecil Taylor's Blue Note record Conquistador! in 1966. In 1967, he composed and conducted a score for the United States Information Agency film The Wealth of a Nation, produced and directed by William Greaves.
He was Professor of Music at Bennington College, Vermont, from 1968 to 1995, where he founded the college's Black Music Division. From 1970 to 1976 he played "in total isolation from the market places of this music", as he puts it. Solo trumpet recordings from this period were later released by Cadence Jazz Records, and later collected on the self-released multi-CD set Odyssey along with other material.
Dixon's playing was noted for his extensive use of the pedal register, playing below the trumpet's commonly ascribed range, and well into the trombone and tuba registers. He made extensive use of half-valve techniques and the use of breath with or without engaging the traditional trumpet embouchure. He largely eschewed the use of mutes, the exception being his use of the harmon mute, with or without stem.
|1962||Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet||Savoy|
|1964||Bill Dixon 7-tette/Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary 5||Savoy||Split LP|
|1966–67||Intents and Purposes||RCA Victor|
|1970–73||Bill Dixon 1982||Edizioni Ferrari||Limited edition LP|
|1980||Bill Dixon in Italy Volume One||Soul Note|
|1980||Bill Dixon in Italy Volume Two||Soul Note|
|1981||November 1981||Soul Note|
|1985||Thoughts||Soul Note||Released 1987|
|1988||Son of Sisyphus||Soul Note|
|1993||Vade Mecum||Soul Note|
|1993||Vade Mecum II||Soul Note|
|1998||Papyrus Volume I||Soul Note|
|1998||Papyrus Volume II||Soul Note|
|1999||Berlin Abbozzi||FMP||Released 2000. With Matthias Bauer, Klaus Koch, Tony Oxley|
|1970–2000||Odyssey||Archive Editions||Includes Collection, and tracks from Considerations 1 and Bill Dixon 1982|
|2007||Bill Dixon with Exploding Star Orchestra||Thrill Jockey||Released 2008|
|2007||17 Musicians in Search of a Sound: Darfur||AUM Fidelity|
|2008||Tapestries for Small Orchestra||Firehouse 12|
- Conquistador! (Blue Note, 1966, Cecil Taylor)
- Opium for Franz (Pipe, 1977, with Franz Koglman)
- The Enchanted Messenger: Live from Berlin Jazz Festival (Soul Note, 1996)
- Taylor/Dixon/Oxley (Victo, 2002, with Cecil Taylor and Tony Oxley)
- Bill Dixon/Aaron Siegel/Ben Hall: Weight/Counterweight (Brokenresearch, 2009)
As producer or composer
- The Marzette Watts Ensemble: The Marzette Watts Ensemble (Savoy, 1969) (producer and composer)
- Marc Levin and his Free Unit: The Dragon Suite (BYG Actuel, 1969) (producer)
- Jacques Coursil Unit: Way Ahead (BYG, 1969) (composer)
- Allmusic biography
- Ratliff, Ben (June 19, 2010). "Bill Dixon, 84, Voice of Avant-Garde Jazz, Dies". The New York Times.
- Fordham, John (July 22, 2010). "Free-jazz trumpeter with a hypnotic, slow-moving sound". London: The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- Litweiler, John (1984). The Freedom Principle: Jazz After 1958. Da Capo. p. 138. ISBN 0306803771.
- "Bill Dixon Interview". May 15, 1975.
- "Remembering Bill Dixon, Bennington Faculty Member, 1968-1995". June 17, 2010.
- RIP Experimental Jazz Trumpeter Bill Dixon
- Young, Ben (1998). Dixonia: A Bio-Discography of Bill Dixon. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313302758.