Bill McAfee

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Bill McAfee
William Fort McAfee (1930).png
McAfee from the 1930 Michiganensian
Pitcher
Born: (1907-09-07)September 7, 1907
Smithville, Georgia
Died: July 8, 1958(1958-07-08) (aged 50)
Culpeper, Virginia
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
May 12, 1930, for the Chicago Cubs
Last MLB appearance
September 22, 1934, for the St. Louis Browns
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 10-4
Earned run average 5.69
Strikeouts 44
Teams

William Fort McAfee, Jr. (September 7, 1907 – July 8, 1958) was an American baseball pitcher and politician.

He played Major League Baseball from 1930 to 1934 for the Chicago Cubs, Boston Braves, Washington Senators, and St. Louis Browns. He appeared in 83 major league games, all but seven as a relief pitcher, and compiled a record of 10-4 with an ERA of 5.69. He had his best season in 1932 when he was the starting pitcher in five games and compiled a 6-1 record and 3.92 ERA for the Senators.

McAfee also played college baseball for the University of Michigan from 1927 to 1929 and participated in the Michigan Wolverines baseball team's 13-game tour of Japan in the fall of 1929. He also played minor league baseball in the International League for the Reading Keystones, Newark Bears, Montreal Royals, and Rochester Red Wings.

A native of Georgia, McAfee later returned to his home state and served as the mayor of Albany, Georgia. He died in a plane crash near Culpeper, Virginia in 1958.

Early years[edit]

McAfee was born in Smithville, Georgia in 1907. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, he was living in Smithville with his father William Fort McAfee, Sr. and two older sisters, Hilda and Mary. His father was a Georgia native and a widower.[1] By 1920, the family had moved to Charlotte, North Carolina. The family consisted of McAfee's father, stepmother Lucy, two older sisters and a younger brother (age two). His father was employed as manager for a harvester company.[2]

University of Michigan[edit]

McAfee enrolled at the University of Michigan and played baseball for the Michigan Wolverines baseball team in 1928 and 1929.[3][4] In September 1929, he traveled to Japan with the Michigan baseball team as it won 11 of 13 games on its tour of the country.[5] The team returned from Japan in October 1929 aboard the Shinyo Maru, sailing from Yokohama to San Francisco.[6] McAfee was also a member of Michigamua and the Theta Delta Chi fraternity while at Michigan. He graduated with a bachelor of arts degree in 1930.[7][8]

Professional baseball[edit]

At six feet, two inches, McAfee was considered "a giant" in the early 1930s.[9] The tall right-handed pitcher began his Major League Baseball career with the Chicago Cubs. He made his major league debut on May 12, 1930, two weeks after graduating from the University of Michigan.[9][10] McAfee pitched only one inning for the Cubs over the course of two games. In one inning of work for the Cubs, he faced 10 batters and allowed three hits, two bases on balls, one wild pitch, and five unearned runs. Despite the rocky start, he did not allow an earned run and compiled a 0-0 record and 0.00 ERA with the Cubs.[10]

After his brief stint with the Cubs, McAfee spent most of the 1930 season with the Reading Keystones in the International League. He appeared in 21 games for the Keystones and compiled a 7-8 record with a 6.22 ERA.[11]

In October 1930, the Cubs traded McAfee to the Boston Braves in exchange for Bobby Smith.[12] In April 1930, The Sporting News reported on the expectations for McAfee: "McAfee did not show much promise in the conditioning search at St. Pete, but before the team left he was going along on high, [Bill] McKechnie spoke glowingly of his fast ball, curve, control and his pitching sagacity. It's almost too much to expect McAfee to fill Bobby Smith's shoes, but McKenchinie will be a bit disappointed if McAfee does not step in as a regular starter."[13] McAfee appeared in 18 games for the Braves during the 1931 season, all but one as a relief pitcher. He compiled a 0-1 records with a 6.37 ERA.[10]

McAfee spent most of the 1932 season as the property of the Boston Braves, but playing under option with the Montreal Royals in the International League. He appeared in 23 games for the Royals, compiling an 8-9 record with a 4.70 ERA.[11]

McAfee joined the Washington Senators in August 1932. A trade had been announced to send McAfee and two other players to the Baltimore Orioles for Baxter Jordan, but Senators' owner Clark Griffith noted that McAfee had been optioned three times and claimed McAfee by the waiver route.[14][15] In two months with the team, he compiled a 6-1 records with a 3.92 earned run average (ERA) in eight game (five as starter).[10]

During the 1933 season, Washington Senators manager Joe Cronin used McAfee to replace Firpo Marberry "as chief of the relief pitching brigade."[14] However, McAfee's ERA soared to 6.62, the highest of his major league career, in 61-2/3 innings with the Senators in 1933. Even so, he compiled a 3-2 record in 1933.[10] In June 1933, McAfee punched a spectator in Cleveland after being pulled from a game; McAfee had been "razzed" throughout the game by the "leather-lunged rooter."[16]

At the beginning of August 1933, McAfee was sent to the Rochester Red Wings in a deal for Ed Chapman.[9][17] He appeared in 17 games for the Red Wings, compiling a 1-4 record with a 5.37 ERA.[11]

At the end of the 1933 season, the Red Wings sent McAfee to the Columbus Red Birds in the American Association. On February 15, 1934, the St. Louis Browns acquired him from Columbus.[9][18] During the 1934 season, McAfee appeared in 28 games for the Browns, all as a relief pitcher. He compiled a 1-0 record with a 5.84 ERA.[10] This season was also notable in that McAfee set a current mark for the lowest single-season strikeout rate among qualified major-league relievers ever, at 3.8%.[19]

In February 1935, McAfee announced that he was retiring from baseball to pursue a business career in Chicago with his father.[20][21]

Later years and family[edit]

After retiring from baseball, McAfee returned to his home state and lived in Albany, Georgia. He was the co-owner of a truck and tractor company, a distributor for International Harvester, and was active in promoting Little League and PONY League baseball in Albany. He was also elected as the mayor of Albany in 1956 and again in 1958. He held the position at the time of his death.[22] McAfee was active in securing funding to construct the Southwest Georgia Regional Airport terminal which was posthumously named in his honor in 1959.[23]

McAfee was married to Lillian Foote McAfee. They had a son, William Fort McAfee III (1937–2011), and a daughter, Linda (McAfee) Halford.[22] In July 1958, McAfee died in a plane crash near Culpeper, Virginia. He was traveling with friends, including the president of the Citizens' and Southern Bank of Albany, in a twin-engined plane to the 1958 Major League Baseball All-Star Game in Baltimore.[22] He was buried at Crown Hill Cemetery in Albany.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census entry for W. Fort McAfee and family. Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Smithville, Lee, Georgia; Roll: T624_200; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 0056; Image: 820; FHL microfilm: 1374213.
  2. ^ Census entry for William F. McAfee and family. Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Charlette Ward 3, Mecklenburg, North Carolina; Roll: T625_1309; Page: 19A; Enumeration District: 142; Image: 986.
  3. ^ 1929 Michiganensian, page 210 (listing William F. McAfee, Class of 1929, as pitcher on the 1928 Michigan baseball team).
  4. ^ 1930 Michiganensian, page 218 (listing William F. McAfee, Jr., Class of 1929, as pitcher on the 1929 Michigan baseball team).
  5. ^ Valerie Nao Yoshimura (Summer 1998). "Samurais of Summer". Michigan Today. 
  6. ^ Passengers on the ship included William McAfee, head coach Ray Fisher, Ernest McCoy, Louis Kubicek, and Ray Nebelung. Ancestry.com. California Passenger and Crew Lists, 1882-1957 [database on-line].
  7. ^ 1929 Michiganensian, page 337.
  8. ^ 1930 Michiganensian, page 108.
  9. ^ a b c d "Breadon Gets 50 Grand, Turns on Optimism for Cards: Check for Amount Long Owed by Cincinnati Finds St. Louis Chief Predicting Big Season; Browns Buy McAfee, Big Right-Hander, From Columbus". The Sporting News. February 22, 1934. p. 1. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Bill McAfee Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 24, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c "Bill McAfee Minor League Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 24, 2012. 
  12. ^ "McAfee Sent To Boston Braves: Reading Pitcher for Past Season Transferred By Chicago Cubs". Reading Eagle. October 14, 1930. 
  13. ^ "Braves Attain Rare Early Season Form: M'Kechnie Heads Home With Team In Excellent Condition; McAfee Develops Into Top-Notch Hurler". The Sporting news. April 9, 1931. p. 2. 
  14. ^ a b "William F. (Bill) McAfee, Jr.". The Sporting News. June 22, 1933. p. 1. 
  15. ^ "Senators Want Pitcher McAfee: Washington Claims Former Royal Through Waiver Route and Orioles Lose Him". The Montreal Gazette. August 10, 1932. p. 13. 
  16. ^ "McAfee Slugs Fan". Youngstown Vindicator. June 27, 1933. 
  17. ^ "McAfee Will Join Wings Tomorrow". Rochester Evening Journal. August 2, 1933. 
  18. ^ "Bill McAfee Goes to St. Louis Browns". The Toledo News-Bee. February 14, 1934. 
  19. ^ http://www.fangraphs.com/blogs/index.php/2012-year-of-reliever-whiffs/
  20. ^ "Bill McAfee Is Retired". The Christian Science Monitor. February 12, 1935. p. 11. 
  21. ^ "Cardinals' Payroll Jumps 35 Per Cent: 'Penalty' Cost of Title Victory Exceeds Breadon Estimate; Bill McAfee Quits Browns". The Sporting News. February 21, 1935. p. 7. 
  22. ^ a b c "Obituary: William Fort McAfee". The Sporting News. July 16, 1958. p. 41. 
  23. ^ Jessica Fairley (November 21, 2011). "No name change for Albany's airport". Fox 31. Retrieved June 24, 2012. 
  24. ^ "William Fort 'Bill' McAfee". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 

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