Bill Millin plays his pipes for fellow soldiers in 1944
14 July 1922|
|Died||17 August 2010
|Unit||Highland Light Infantry
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
No. 4 Commando
|World War II||Normandy landings at Sword Beach|
|Other work||Psychiatric nurse|
Millin was born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada on 14 July 1922 to a father of Scottish origin who returned to Glasgow as a policeman when William was three. He grew up and went to school in the Shettleston area of the city. He joined the Territorial Army in Fort William, where his family had moved, and played in the pipe bands of the Highland Light Infantry and the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders before volunteering as a commando and training with Lovat at Achnacarry along with French, Dutch, Belgian, Polish, Norwegian, and Czechoslovakian troops.
World War II
Millin is best remembered for playing the pipes whilst under fire during the D-Day landing in Normandy. Pipers had traditionally been used in battle by Scottish and Irish soldiers. However, the use of bagpipes was restricted to rear areas by the time of the Second World War by the British Army. Lovat, nevertheless, ignored these orders and ordered Millin, then aged 21, to play. When Private Millin demurred, citing the regulations, he recalled later, Lord Lovat replied: "Ah, but that’s the English War Office. You and I are both Scottish, and that doesn’t apply." He played "Highland Laddie" and "The Road to the Isles" as his comrades fell around him on Sword Beach. Millin states that he later talked to captured German snipers who claimed they did not shoot at him because they thought he had gone mad.
Millin, whom Lovat had appointed his personal piper during commando training at Achnacarry, near Fort William in Scotland, was the only man during the landing who wore a kilt – it was the same Cameron tartan kilt his father had worn in Flanders during World War I – and he was armed only with his pipes and the sgian-dubh, or "black knife", sheathed inside his kilt-hose on the right side. In keeping with Scottish tradition, he wore no underwear beneath the kilt. He later told author Peter Caddick-Adams that the coldness of the water took his breath away.
Lovat and Millin advanced from Sword Beach to Pegasus Bridge, which had been defiantly defended by men of the 2nd Bn the Ox & Bucks Light Infantry (6th Airborne Division) who had landed in the early hours by glider. Lovat's commandos arrived at a little past one p.m. at Pegasus Bridge although the rendezvous time in the plan was noon. To the sound of Millin's bagpipes, the commandos marched across Pegasus Bridge. During the march, twelve men died, most shot through their berets. Later detachments of the commandos rushed across in small groups with helmets on. Millin's D-Day bagpipes were later donated to Dawlish Museum. A set of pipes he used later in the campaign, after the originals became damaged, were donated to the now "Pegasus Bridge Museum".
Millin saw further action with 1 SSB in the Netherlands and Germany before being demobilised in 1946 and going to work on Lord Lovat's highland estate. In the 1950s he became a registered psychiatric nurse in Glasgow, moving south to a hospital in Devon in the late '60s until he retired in the Devon town of Dawlish in 1988. He made regular trips back to Normandy for commemoration ceremonies. France awarded him a Croix d’Honneur award for gallantry in June 2009. In 2006, a Devon folk singer, Sheelagh Allen, wrote a song about him, "The Highland Piper".
Popular culture and legacy
One set of Millin's bagpipes are exhibited at the Memorial Museum of Pegasus Bridge in Ranville, France. Another set of his bagpipes are now displayed at Dawlish Museum. Millin presented his pipes to Dawlish Museum prior to the 60th anniversary of the D-Day Landings in 2004, along with his kilt, bonnet and dirk. These items are still shown at the museum library with photographic archives and looped video telling of Millin’s exploits.
Dawlish Museum officials have written testimony from Millin that the set on display in Dawlish is the genuine set which he played during the D-Day landings at Sword Beach. The ones on show at the Pegasus Bridge Museum are a second set that were used by him later in the campaign, after the capture of Pegasus Bridge. Pegasus Museum says that it lays no claim to its set being the originals. Andrew Wright, vice chairman of Dawlish Museum, said:
The genuine pipes are here in Dawlish and not at Pegasus Bridge Museum in France, as everyone always seems to believe. I have tried to correct this many times but the myth continues and is always quoted in the media. The confusion arose many years ago when Bill's pipes were damaged a few days after D-Day and he had a spare set sent in which he called his campaign pipes. Those were given to Benouville Museum in 1974 and people assumed these were the original pipes.
With the help of son John Millin and the Dawlish Royal British Legion, a bronze life-size statue of Piper Bill Millin was unveiled on 8 June 2013 at Colleville-Montgomery, near Sword Beach, in France.
On 7 August 2013, BBC's The One Show featured a film about Bill's son John Millin and his playing of the bagpipes in memory of his father at the unveiling of the statue to Piper Bill at Colleville-Montgomery in Normandy. Broadcast live, from Weston-Super-Mare, Larry Lamb explained that Bill Millin's pipes and uniform are on display at Dawlish Museum in Devon. The film also showed scenes of more than 500 pipers from 21 countries taking part in the unveiling of the £50,000 statue by French sculptor Gaetan Ader which took more than four years of fund raising by the D-Day Piper Bill Millin Association to complete.
Canadian Celtic-punk band The Real McKenzies recorded a song about Bill Millin ("My Head Is Filled with Music") on their 2012 album Westwinds.
Another recording in honour of Bill Millin, called "The Mad Piper", was made by the Swedish power-metal band Civil War on their 2015 Album Gods And Generals.
- "Piper Bill Millin", Telegraph
- Davison, Phil (23 August 2010). "Obituaries: Piper Bill Millin: The 'Mad piper' who piped the allied troops ashore on D-Day". The Independent. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- Arthur, Max – Forgotten Voices of The Second World War, 2004, Random House, ISBN 0091897343, p 317
- "Bill Millin, Scottish D-Day Piper, Dies at 88". New York Times. 19 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
Bill Millin, a Scottish bagpiper who played highland tunes as his fellow commandos landed on a Normandy beach on D-Day and lived to see his bravado immortalized in the 1962 film 'The Longest Day,' died on Wednesday in a hospital in the western England county of Devon. He was 88.
- Scotland.com -History of Scotland
- "Bill Millin". The Economist: 76. 28 August 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- Caddick-Adams, Peter, Monty and Rommel: Parallel Lives, Arrow, p.372.
- Ambrose, Stephen E. (1994). D-Day, June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II. Simon & Schuster. p. 570. ISBN 0-684-80137-X.
- Ellen Grindley (Reporter for the Dawlish Gazette) Dawlish Gazette.13 May 2015.www.dawlishnewspapers.co.uk
- "Bill Millin". The Economist. 26 August 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Daily Record article on Bill Millin
- Daily Mail article on Bill Millin
- BBC News
- "Dawlish D-Day veteran back in Normandy", The Herald, 6 June 2009,
- Mavis Stuckey (Dawlsh Museum Curator). Western Morning News. 18 August 2010.
- "'A true British hero'". Tindle Newspapers Ltd. 25 August 2010. Archived from the original on 4 September 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- ellen grindley reporter dawlish gazette, 19th september, 2012. Publisher Tindle Newspapers Ltd.
- "'Colleville-Montgomery : inauguration de la statue de Bill Millin ce samedi matin'". France 3. 8 June 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Ellen Grindley, Dawlish Gazette 14 August 2013.publisher=Tindle Newspapers Ltd
- Bill Millin talks about the landing on Sword Beach
- Iconic piper sees French tribute, BBC News, Accessed 19 November 2009
- Pegasus Archive's page on Bill Millin
- The tribute to Bill Millin on the BBC's obituary programme, Last Word (2010 8 27), with excerpts from interviews with Millin, his son, and others who knew him
- on YouTube, Dawlish Museum
- Imperial War Museum Interview