Billericay (UK Parliament constituency)

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Billericay
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Billericay in Essex in 2005.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
19832010
Number of members One
Replaced by Basildon and Billericay
Created from Basildon and Thurrock[1]
1950–February 1974
Replaced by Basildon
Created from South East Essex
European Parliament constituency East of England

Billericay was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

It returned Conservative MPs at every election except 1966.

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1955: The Urban Districts of Billericay, Benfleet, Canvey Island, and Rayleigh.

1955-1974: The Urban Districts of Billericay and Brentwood.

1983-1997: The District of Basildon wards of Billericay East, Billericay West, Burstead, Laindon, Wickford North, and Wickford South, and the Borough of Thurrock wards of Corringham and Fobbing, Orsett, Stanford-le-Hope, and The Homesteads.

1997-2010: The District of Basildon wards of Billericay East, Billericay West, Burstead, Laindon, Pitsea East, Pitsea West, Wickford North, and Wickford South.

For the 2010 general election, this seat was effectively merged with Basildon to form a new constituency of Basildon and Billericay.

History[edit]

Billericay has elected somewhat colourful characters to Westminster, namely Harvey Proctor, the right-wing MP who resigned after homosexual sex charges, and Teresa Gorman, the Maastricht rebel who stood down after accusing the Commons Standards and Privileges committee of sexism over questions surrounding her registered business dealings.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1950–1974[edit]

Election Member [2] Party
1950 Bernard Braine Conservative
1955 Richard Body Conservative
1959 Edward Gardner Conservative
1966 Eric Moonman Labour
1970 Robert McCrindle Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Basildon

MPs 1983–2010[edit]

Election Member [2] Party
1983 Harvey Proctor Conservative
1987 Teresa Gorman Conservative
2001 John Baron Conservative
2010 constituency abolished: see Basildon and Billericay

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Billericay[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Braine 23,803 50.52
Labour Co-op Albert Oram 19,437 41.26
Liberal Sidney Hayden 3,872 8.22
Majority 4,366 9.27
Turnout 79.57
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1951: Billericay[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Braine 26,936 56.65
Labour Co-op Brian Ralph Clapham 20,613 43.35
Majority 6,323 13.30
Turnout 77.12
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Billericay [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Body 24,327 54.73
Labour Co-op Brian Ralph Clapham 20,121 45.27
Majority 4,206 9.46
Turnout 75.50
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Billericay [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Gardner 29,224 46.41
Labour Co-op Rita Alison Smythe 24,402 38.75
Liberal Peter Myles Trelawney Sheldon-Williams 9,347 14.84
Majority 4,822 7.66
Turnout 80.40
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Billericay [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Gardner 35,347 44.29
Labour Co-op Rita A. Smythe 33,755 42.30
Liberal Peter MT Sheldon-Williams 10,706 13.41
Majority 1,592 1.99
Turnout 82.48
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Billericay
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Moonman 40,013 46.54
Conservative Edward Gardner 38,371 44.63
Liberal Lionel Rufus Wernick 7,587 8.83
Majority 1,642 1.91
Turnout 84.12
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Billericay
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert McCrindle 47,719 52.2
Labour Eric Moonman 43,765 47.8
Majority 3,954 4.3
Turnout 74.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Billericay[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harvey Proctor 29,635 53.7 N/A
Liberal Patrick Bonner 15,020 27.2 N/A
Labour Christopher Sewell 10,528 19.1 N/A
Majority 14,615 26.5 N/A
Turnout 55,183 73.8 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1987: Billericay[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Teresa Gorman 33,741 54.9 +1.2
Social Democratic Michael Birch 15,755 25.6 −1.6
Labour Richard Howitt 11,942 19.4 +0.3
Majority 17,986 29.3
Turnout 61,438 77.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Billericay[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Teresa Gorman 37,406 56.5 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Francis Bellard 14,912 22.5 −3.1
Labour Alison Miller 13,880 21.0 +1.5
Majority 22,494 34.0 +4.6
Turnout 66,198 82.5 +5.2
Conservative hold Swing +2.3
General Election 1997: Billericay[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Teresa Gorman 22,033 39.8 −17.9
Labour Paul Richards 20,677 37.3 +17.2
Liberal Democrat Geoff Williams 8,763 15.8 −6.5
Loyal Conservative Brian Hughes 3,377 6.1 N/A
ProLife Alliance John Buchanan 570 1.0 N/A
Majority 1,356 2.4
Turnout 55,420 72.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Billericay[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Baron 21,608 47.4 +7.6
Labour Amanda Campbell 16,595 36.4 −0.9
Liberal Democrat Francis Bellard 6,323 13.9 −1.9
UKIP Nicholas Yeomans 1,072 2.4 N/A
Majority 5,013 11.0
Turnout 45,598 58.1 −14.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2005: Billericay[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Baron 25,487 52.2 +4.8
Labour Anneliese Dodds 14,281 29.2 −7.2
Liberal Democrat Mike Hibbs 6,471 13.2 −0.7
BNP Bryn Robinson 1,435 2.9 N/A
UKIP Seantino Callaghan 1,184 2.4 +0.0
Majority 11,206 22.9
Turnout 48,858 61.4 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing 6.0

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "'Billericay', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ [4]
  7. ^ [5]
  8. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.