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Oz character
Oz Billina byKoehne.jpg
First appearance Ozma of Oz (1907)
Created by L. Frank Baum
Aliases Bill
Species Chicken
Gender Female
Children multiple Dorothys and Daniels

Billina is a fictional character in the classic children's series of Oz books by American author L. Frank Baum. She is first introduced in Ozma of Oz (1907).[1]


In Ozma of Oz, Billina becomes Dorothy Gale's animal companion after she and the girl are on a small ship and thrown overboard and casted away into the sea. Dorothy was traveling on an ocean voyage to Australia with her Uncle Henry when a violent storm hit, thus tossing the ship over the waves. The two wash up on the uncharted shores of the enchanted country of Ev in a chicken coop they had taken refuge in. Billina serves in this adventure, the role that Dorothy's pet dog Toto served in the first Oz book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900).

A spunky, sassy and talkative chicken, Billina was originally named Bill because, she tells Dorothy, "no one could tell whether I was going to be a hen or a rooster". Dorothy insists on changing the hen's name to a feminine form. Billina endures several scares with the Kansas farmgirl before they defeat the Nome King as only a hen can. At the end of the novel, Billina settles in the Emerald City in the magical Land of Oz.

In The Road to Oz (1909), Billina accompanies Tik-Tok into welcoming Dorothy, Shaggy Man, Button-Bright, and Polychrome to Oz. Billina is later present at Princess Ozma's royal birthday party.

Later books reveal that Billina has hatched many chicks (their father unknown). She names all of them Dorothy after her young friend. Gender confusion reappears, however, and the proud mother discovers that some of those chicks will be "horrid roosters"; she changes the males' names to Daniel.

One of Baum's earliest books described raising Hamburg chickens, and he drew on that expertise in depicting Billina.

Other adaptions[edit]

Billina appears in The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) with the credit "The Yellow Hen as Herself". Presumably a real hen was used in this lost film, as a real dog was used for Toto, also credited with playing himself.

In Disney's Return to Oz (1985), Billina is a main character. She is an animatronic puppet performed by Mak Wilson and voiced by Denise Bryer.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jack Snow, Who's Who in Oz, Chicago, Reilly & Lee, 1954; New York, Peter Bedrick Books, 1988; p. 17.