Billings Logan International Airport

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Billings Logan International Airport
Billings Airport Logo.gif
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Billings
Operator Billing Department of Aviation & Transit
Serves Billings, Montana
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 3,652 ft / 1,113 m
Coordinates 45°48′28″N 108°32′34″W / 45.80778°N 108.54278°W / 45.80778; -108.54278Coordinates: 45°48′28″N 108°32′34″W / 45.80778°N 108.54278°W / 45.80778; -108.54278
Website FlyBillings.com
Map
BIL is located in Montana
BIL
BIL
BIL is located in the US
BIL
BIL
Location of airport in Montana / United States
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
7/25 5,501 1,677 Asphalt
10L/28R 10,518 3,206 Asphalt
10R/28L 3,801 1,159 Asphalt
Statistics (2011,2014)
Aircraft operations (2014) 81,371
Based aircraft (2014) 167
Passengers (2011) 899,302
Sources: FAA[4] and Montana DOT[5]

Billings Logan International Airport (IATA: BILICAO: KBILFAA LID: BIL) is two miles northwest of downtown Billings, in Yellowstone County, Montana. It is the second largest airport in Montana, having been surpassed by Bozeman in both number of gates as well as annual enplanements in recent years,[6] and is owned by the city of Billings.[4][7] The airport is on top of the Rims, a 500-foot (150 m) cliff overlooking the downtown core. BIL covers 2,300 acres (9.3 km2.) of land.

The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a primary commercial service airport (more than 10,000 enplanements per year).[8] Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 387,368 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2013,[9] 388,329 in 2010 and 397,073 in 2009.[10]

Billings Logan International Airport has scheduled nonstop flights to several airline hubs such as Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Portland, OR, Salt Lake City and Seattle. Billings also serves as a small hub for Cape Air,[2] a commuter airline which operates nonstop flights with Cessna 402 prop aircraft to Glasgow, Glendive, Havre, Sidney and Wolf Point in Montana.

History[edit]

The first recorded flight in Billings was in 1912 by a local dentist named Dr. Frank Bell. The flight was in his home-made Curtiss 0-X-5.

The "First" flight was made on Memorial Day 1913, with much publicity, Dr. Bell took off from Billings flying to Park City and back, 40 miles (64 km) round trip. This flight was captured by a local artist named J.K. Ralston in his painting entitled "First Flight," displayed in the airport lobby.

In 1927 The City of Billings approved $5,000 and 400 acres (162 ha) on top of the Rims to build a runway. The 1,820-foot (550 m) runway and small administrative building was built by horse-drawn equipment; the airport opened on May 29, 1928.

In 1933 Northwest Airlines introduced the first scheduled passenger air service. Northwest was serving Billings in 1935 as a stop on a route between Chicago and Seattle flown with Lockheed Model 10 Electra twin prop airliners.[11] During the 1950s and early 1960s, Northwest operated Douglas DC-3, Douglas DC-4, Douglas DC-6B and Douglas DC-7C propeller aircraft into Billings.[12]

Inland Air Lines was serving the airport in 1939 as a stop on a route between Denver and Great Falls.[13] Western Airlines then acquired Inland Air Lines and in 1944 was serving Billings with Douglas DC-3 and Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar twin prop aircraft on the route between Denver and Great Falls.[14] Western operated Convair 240 and Douglas DC-6B propeller aircraft into the airport during the 1950s and early 1960s.[15]

The original Frontier Airlines (1950-1986) was serving Billings in 1950 with Douglas DC-3 aircraft operated on routes to Denver and Salt Lake City.[16] By 1962, Frontier had introduced Convair 340 aircraft on its flights into the airport and would later serve Billings with Boeing 737-200 jets as well as with Convair 580 and de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter turboprops.[17][18]

Improvements over the years include runway lights in 1935 to the new 120-foot (37 m) air traffic control tower in 2005. Major terminal expansions were made in 1958, 1972, and 1992. In early 2006 the airport added electronic monitors giving info on arrivals and departures.

The name changed from the Billings Municipal Airport to Billings Logan Field in 1957, after Dick Logan, the airport manager, died. In 1971 the airport became Billings Logan International Airport.[19]

By 1961, Northwest Airlines was operating Lockheed L-188 Electra propjet service into the airport on a routing of New York Idlewild Airport (IDL, now JFK Airport) - Detroit (DTW) - Milwaukee (MKE) - Minneapolis/St. Paul (MSP) - Bismarck, ND (BIS) - Billings (BIL) - Great Falls (GTF) - Spokane (GEG) - Yakima (YKM) - Seattle (SEA).[20]

The jet age arrived in Billings by 1966 when Northwest introduced Boeing 727-100 "Fan Jet" flights in addition to its Electra turboprop service.[21] In 1968, Northwest was operating nonstop 727 jet service from the airport to Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Great Falls and Spokane as well as direct, no change of plane 727 flights to New York LaGuardia Airport, Newark, Washington, D.C. National Airport, Detroit, Cleveland, Milwaukee, Seattle and Portland, OR.[22]

Western Airlines was serving Billings in 1966 with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops with an example routing being Los Angeles (LAX) - San Diego (SAN) - Phoenix (PHX) - Denver (DEN) - Cheyenne (CYS) - Casper (CPR) - Sheridan (SHR) - Billings (BIL).[23] Western was also operating direct Electra propjet service to Calgary (YYC) via a stop in Great Falls (GTF) during the late 1960s.[24] By the early 1970s, Western was operating all of its flights into the airport with Boeing 737-200 jetliners.[25] In 1979, Western was operating nonstop Boeing 727-200 service to both Minneapolis/St. Paul and Seattle as well as flying nonstop Boeing 737-200 service to Denver, Great Falls and Salt Lake City.[26]

For at least part of each year from the late 1970s to early 1980s, Billings was served by wide body McDonnell Douglas DC-10 jetliners operated by Northwest Airlines. In 1979, Northwest was flying DC-10 service on a round trip routing of Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) - Detroit (DTW) - Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD) - Billings (BIL) - Great Falls (GTF) - Spokane (GEG) - Seattle (SEA).[26] By 1982, the airline was operating the DC-10 on a round trip routing of Minneapolis/St. Paul (MSP) - Billings - Great Falls - Spokane - Seattle.[27] The DC-10 was the largest aircraft ever to be operated in scheduled passenger service into the airport. Northwest also served Billings with Boeing 727-200, McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30, McDonnell Douglas DC-9-50, McDonnell Douglas MD-80 and Airbus A319 jetliners over the years.[28][29]

In 1983, four airlines were operating mainline jet service into the airport: Continental Airlines with Douglas DC-9-10 and McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 nonstop flights to Denver and Great Falls, the original Frontier Airlines (1950-1986) with Boeing 737-200 nonstop flights to Denver, Great Falls and Helena, Northwest Airlines with Boeing 727-200 nonstop flights to Great Falls, Helena, Minneapolis/St. Paul and Spokane with direct service to Chicago, Seattle and Portland, OR, and Western Airlines with Boeing 737-200 nonstop flights to Salt Lake City with direct service to Los Angeles and San Francisco.[30] By 1985, Northwest had once again added nonstop service to Chicago O'Hare International Airport flown with Boeing 727-200 aircraft while United Airlines had begun flying Boeing 737-200 nonstop service to Denver.[31] Also in 1985, the airport had commuter airline service operated by Big Sky Airlines, Centennial Airlines and Pioneer Airlines with the latter air carrier operating as Continental Express on behalf of Continental Airlines.[31]

Another airline which operated jet service into Billings was Horizon Air which in 1999 was operating Fokker F28 Fellowship twin jets with nonstop flights to Seattle on behalf of Alaska Airlines.[32] By 2003, the airline was serving Billings with Canadair CRJ-700 regional jets.[33] Horizon Air continues to serve the airport at the present time on behalf of Alaska Airlines with the Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 propjet which is the largest and fastest member of the de Havilland Canada DHC-8 regional turboprop family of aircraft.[34] Additional airlines operating regional jets from the airport in the past included America West Express operated by Mesa Airlines with Canadair CRJ-200 aircraft and Frontier JetExpress flown by Horizon Air with Canadair CRJ-700 aircraft with both air carriers operating nonstop service to Denver.[35][36]

Big Sky Airlines was a commuter air carrier that was based in Billings from 1978 to 2008. Big Sky primarily operated small turboprop airliners including the Beechcraft 1900D, British Aerospace BAe Jetstream 31, Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner (Metro III and Metro 23 models) and Handley Page Jetstream as well as Cessna prop aircraft. The airline operated nonstop flights from the airport to Butte, MT, Casper, WY, Denver, CO, Glasgow, MT, Great Falls, MT, Helena, MT, Lewistown, MT, Miles City, MT, Sidney, MT and Wolf Point, MT at various times during its existence.[37] In addition, Big Sky operated direct, no change of plane flights from the airport to Bismarck, ND, Boise, ID, Dickinson, ND, Havre, MT, Jamestown, ND, Kalispell, MT, Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN, Missoula, MT, Moses Lake, WA, Seattle, WA, Spokane, WA and Williston, ND at various times during its existence as well.[38] Besides operating as an independent air carrier, Big Sky also operated Northwest Airlink service from Billings via a code sharing agreement with Northwest Airlines in 1989.[39]

Airport governance[edit]

The Aviation and Transit Board governs BIL, with seven members, each appointed for four-year terms. It is required of the position of a board member to possess the qualifications fit for the Mayor's office. With the consent of the Council, the Mayor elects the board members. No board member may be reelected once his or her term expires. The purpose of the Aviation and Transit Board is not only to help govern the operations of the Airport, but also to act as a Citizen's Advisory Board to the City Council. They are to make sure that city policies are implemented and carried out. Shortcomings are to be reported and recommendations are to be made to the City Council.

Facilities[edit]

Billings Logan International Airport has three runways. The primary runway is Runway 10L/28R with a length of 10,518 feet and width of 150 feet. ILS/DME on 28R is at 3,738 feet MSL is the lowest approach. The second runway is Runway 07/25 with a length of 5,501 feet and width of 75 feet; this runway serves as the crosswind runway. The final runway is Runway 10R/28L with a length of 3,801 feet and width of 75 feet. This runway serves as the primary runway for single engine and light piston aircraft. All three runways are asphalt.[40]

There are nine taxiways currently in use. Taxiway A runs parallel to Runway 10L/28R, serves as the last exit of Runway 10L and connects to the terminal area. Taxiway B runs through Runway 10L/28R as an access taxiway to the Northern Air Tanker Base. Three Taxiways, C, E F, serve as exit taxiways that vary in width to serve certain size aircraft. Taxiway D intersects Runway 10L/28R and serves as a northern exit point for Runway 25. Two taxiways (G and H) provide all exits for Runway 10R/28L and Runway 7. Finally, Taxiway J is the primary taxiway from the terminal area to the cargo ramps. Two hotspots exist on the airfield side of operations. Hotspot 1 is located at the intersection of Runway 10R/28L and Runway 7/25. Furthermore, Hotspot 2 is located at the intersection of Taxiway C and Runway 10L/28R.[41]

In 2015, the airport had an average of 222 aircraft operations per day: 54% general aviation, 33% air taxi, 12% airline, and 1% military. 170 aircraft were then based at the airport: 56% single-engine, 33% multi-engine, 9% jet, and 3% helicopter.[4]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

A Delta Airlines Airbus A319 decelerating on the runway.
A departing Learjet 45.
Billings Logan Intl Airport tower
Airlines Destinations
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Portland (OR), Seattle–Tacoma
Allegiant Air Las Vegas, Phoenix/Mesa
Seasonal: Los Angeles
American Eagle Dallas/Fort Worth
Cape Air Glasgow (MT), Glendive, Havre, Sidney (MT), Wolf Point
Delta Air Lines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Atlanta, Salt Lake City
Delta Connection Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City
United Airlines Denver
United Express Denver
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express Denver, Great Falls, Memphis, Sioux Falls
UPS Airlines Denver, Louisville, Omaha, Ontario

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest routes from BIL (August 2016 - July 2017)[42]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Denver, Colorado 121,320 United
2 Salt Lake City, Utah 82,420 Delta
3 Minneapolis/St Paul, Minnesota 81,110 Delta
4 Seattle–Tacoma, Washington 47,430 Alaska
5 Portland, Oregon 22,040 Alaska
6 Phoenix/Mesa, Arizona 16,810 Allegiant
7 Las Vegas, Nevada 16,180 Allegiant
8 Sidney, Montana 7,240 Cape Air
9 Wolf Point, Montana 3,540 Cape Air
10 Dallas, Texas 3,540 Cape Air

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On December 18, 1992, a Cessna 550 arriving from Watertown, SD crashed on approach to runway 28R, killing all 8 occupants. Investigation found the cause to be wake turbulence from a Boeing 757 that arrived just prior to the incident, causing the aircraft to roll inverted.[43]
  • On May 23, 2008, Alpine Air Flight 5008, a Beechcraft 1900C registration N195GA acting as a contract mail flight, impacted the terrain about three miles northeast of Billings-Logan International Airport en route to Great Falls International Airport approximately three minutes after takeoff.[44]
  • On November 15, 2015, an El Al Boeing 777-200 made an emergency landing at Billings Logan International Airport. The cockpit received an engine fire warning on the right hand engine. The plane was en route from Tel Aviv to Los Angeles carrying 297 passengers and 20 crew members. Inspection after landing indicated no fire was present.[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 17, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Cape Air Montana | Billings, Sidney, Glasgow, Wolf Point, Havre, Glendive". Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Locations". corporateair.net. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c FAA Airport Master Record for BIL (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective April 5, 2012.
  5. ^ "State of Montana: Airline Boardings – 2011" (PDF). Montana Department of Transportation. 2011. 
  6. ^ "RITA | BTS | Transtats". transtats.bts.gov. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Billings Airport, MT - Official Website | Official Website". ci.billings.mt.us. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  8. ^ "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF, 2.03 MB) on September 27, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2013" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. June 20, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF, 1.0 MB) on August 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. 
  11. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Oct. 10, 1935 Northwest Airlines system timetable
  12. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Oct. 1, 1955 & May 22, 1960 Northwest Airlines system timetables
  13. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 7, 1939 Inland Air Lines system timetable
  14. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Nov. 3, 1944 Western Airlines system timetable
  15. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, March 1, 1956 & Sept. 6, 1960 Western Airlines system timetables
  16. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Nov. 1, 1950 Frontier Airlines system timetable
  17. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Oct. 28, 1962 Frontier Airlines system timetable
  18. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, April 15, 1975 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Billings flight schedules
  19. ^ "Airport History | Billings Airport, MT - Official Website". flybillings.com. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  20. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, May 28, 1961 Northwest Airlines system timetable
  21. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, March 1, 1966 Northwest Airlines system timetable
  22. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 1, 1968 Northwest Airlines system timetable
  23. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Aug. 1, 1966 Western Airlines system timetable
  24. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Aug. 1, 1968 Western Airlines system timetable
  25. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Sept. 6, 1973 Western Airlines system timetable
  26. ^ a b http://www.departedflights.com, Nov. 15, 1979 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Billings flight schedules
  27. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Aug. 1, 1982 Northwest Airlines system timetable
  28. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Oct. 1, 1991 & June 1, 1999 editions, Official Airline Guide (OAG), Billings flight schedules; Sept. 9, 1987 Northwest Airlines system timtable
  29. ^ http://www.airliners.net, photo of Northwest Airlines A319 departing from Billings
  30. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1983 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Billings flight schedules
  31. ^ a b http://www.departedflights.com, Feb. 15, 1985 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Billings flight schedules
  32. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, June 1, 1999 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Billings flight schedules
  33. ^ http://www.airliners.net, photos of Horizon Air CRJ-700 aircraft at Billings
  34. ^ https://www.alaskaair.com, Flight Schedules
  35. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, April 7, 2002 America West Airlines system timetable
  36. ^ http://www.airliners.net, photos of America West Express and Frontier JetExpress aircraft at Billings
  37. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, 11/15/79, 2/15/85, 10/1/91, 6/1/99 Official Airline Guide (OAG) editions, Billings flight schedules
  38. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Big Sky Airlines route maps
  39. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 15, 1989 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Billings flight schedules
  40. ^ Federal Aviation Administration. (2013). Airport master record. Retrieved from "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  41. ^ Billings Logan International Airport. (2007). Chapter 1: Inventory. Retrieved from http://flybillings.com/DocumentCenter/View/5987
  42. ^ "RITA | BTS | Transtats". transtats.bts.gov. Retrieved April 17, 2017. 
  43. ^ "SEA93GA041". ntsb.gov. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  44. ^ "SEA08FA135: Full Narrative". ntsb.gov. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  45. ^ "Yes, that was an El Al Boeing 777 at the airport in Billings, Mont". usatoday.com. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 

External links[edit]