Billion Dollar Babies
|Billion Dollar Babies|
|Studio album by|
|Released||February 25, 1973|
|Recorded||August 1972 – January 1973|
|Alice Cooper chronology|
Billion Dollar Babies is the sixth studio album by American rock band Alice Cooper, released in 1973. The album became the best selling Alice Cooper record at the time of its release, hit number one on the album charts in both the United States and the United Kingdom, and went on to be certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. The album has been retrospectively praised by such critics as Robert Christgau, Greg Prato of AllMusic, and Jason Thompson of PopMatters, but The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004) gave the album only two and a half stars.
Songs were recorded in both the state of Connecticut and London, England. Lyrics cover topics and themes such as necrophilia, dental fear, horror, and sexual harassment. At 40 minutes and 51 seconds, it is the longest studio album the band has ever released; this does not count any of Cooper’s solo albums.
Recording and production
Drummer Neal Smith has said that the album can be traced back to the song "Caught in a Dream" from the album Love It to Death (1971). The first recording sessions for the album took place in Greenwich, Connecticut, in a mansion called the Galesi Estate. To achieve certain vocal sounds and echoes, microphones were run through rooms of various sizes and a greenhouse. Other sessions were held at Morgan Studios in London, where singer Donovan contributed to the album by singing on its title track. The album was produced by Bob Ezrin with Gerry Lyon as assistant in New York, Connecticut and London.
Guitarists Glen Buxton and Michael Bruce both used Gibson SGs for the album. Three additional guitarists (including longtime band friend Mick Mashbir and New York-based session musicians Dick Wagner & Steve Hunter) were retained to cover for Buxton, who suffered from alcohol use disorder-related pancreatitis throughout the sessions.
A quadraphonic mix of the album was released on both eight-track and reel-to-reel format, as well as vinyl. This features radically different mixes of all of the songs, including different vocal tracks ("Raped and Freezin'"), unfaded endings ("Generation Landslide"), and editing ("I Love the Dead"). Alice's lead vocals are more upfront in the quad mix than the stereo mix. There has been discussion that this mix of the album can be found on the DVD-Audio release, which is not the case. The DVD-Audio release contains a newer 5.1 channel mix of the album, based on the original 2-channel tracks as opposed to the quad mix.
Lyrical themes and subjects
The album's title comes from the fact that the five members of Alice Cooper were surprised about their success. Cooper related: “How could we, this band that two years ago was living in the Chambers Brothers’ basement in Watts, be the Number One band in the world, with people throwing money at us?” The title was also later used as the name of the group Neal Smith, Dennis Dunaway, and Michael Bruce formed after Alice Cooper group had split up. Cooper said, "The whole idea behind the Billion Dollar Babies album was exploiting the idea that people do have sick perversions."
Alice Cooper, who wrote the majority of the album's lyrics, cited Chuck Berry as a key influence on his writing. "Hello Hooray", the album's opening track, was written by Canadian singer/songwriter Rolf Kempf and was previously recorded by Judy Collins. The band wanted their version of the song to sound like "Alice Cooper meets Cabaret". The album's third track, "Elected", is a rewrite of the song "Reflected" from Pretties for You (1969). "Raped and Freezin' has been called a "hilarious and gorgeously catchy" take on the idea of sexual harassment by PopMatters's Jason Thompson. "Unfinished Sweet" is about visiting a dentist with sound effects recorded by Gerry Lyon. The title track was co-written by Reggie Vinson (credited on original pressings of the album as "R. Reggie", i.e., "Rockin' Reggie Vinson"), who had played guitar on and performed vocals for School's Out (1972). Donovan described the song as a "horror story song". The album's closing track, "I Love the Dead", is a tongue-in-cheek song about necrophilia.
After the album was released, the band embarked on a tour which broke the United States box office records previously held by The Rolling Stones and included a scheduled 64 concerts in 59 cities in 90 days. The gross revenue of the tour was anticipated to be close to $20 million, but only about $4 million was achieved.
Cooper hired magician James Randi to design effects for the show, and Randi traveled with the tour to supervise and coordinate the effects. Randi even played a role in the stage show as "The Executioner".
The live performances featured Cooper wearing a costume with fake blood stains at the crotch, tearing apart baby dolls, attacking mannequins, and being decapitated by a guillotine. Cooper has said that the mutilation of the dolls symbolized child neglect. Between 40 and 50 people were employed and 26,000 pounds of equipment were used. In preparation for the tour, two semi-trailer trucks carried a wide variety of props including a dentists drill, four whips, a surgical table, six hatchets, 33,000 program books, 300 baby dolls, 22,000 sparklers, 58 mannequins, 280 spare light bulbs, 1,000 patches, 6,000 mirror parts, 14 bubble machines, 28 gallons of bubble juice, and 250,000 packages of bubble bath.
Reception and influence
|Christgau's Record Guide||B|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Billion Dollar Babies was commercially more successful than Alice Cooper's previous albums; it went to No. 1 in both the United Kingdom and United States. The album's singles "Elected", "Hello Hooray", "Billion Dollar Babies", and "No More Mr. Nice Guy", all became hits on the Billboard Hot 100. In March 1973 the album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America and in 1986, it went platinum.
In a contemporary review for Creem magazine, Robert Christgau said that Billion Dollar Babies is Cooper's "most consistent album", even though it lacks a song as strong as "School's Out". In a retrospective review, AllMusic's Greg Prato awarded the album four and a half out of five stars and called it "one of Cooper's very best; it remains one of rock's all-time, quintessential classics". Jason Thompson of PopMatters praised the album, saying it was "arguably the original Alice Cooper Group's best album". However, the 2004 The Rolling Stone Album Guide was less positive about the album, giving it two and a half stars and criticizing songs like "I Love the Dead" for being "predictable". Daniel Bukszpan, the author of The Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal, called it a "classic" and "arguably the original band's finest offering". In 2005, Billion Dollar Babies was ranked number 283 in Rock Hard magazine's book of The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time. The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Treble named it in its list "10 Essential Glam Rock Albums."
Chris Cornell of Soundgarden stated that it was one of his favorite records. In an interview with Spin magazine in 1989, he commented that: "When I was in junior high, every Friday the teachers would let the kids play their favorite records. I brought in Billion Dollar Babies [Alice Cooper, 1973] and they wouldn't let me play it. They never vetoed anyone's choice before. It was then I knew that rock'n'roll could scare the fuck out of certain people." The Norwegian group Turbonegro made a song called "Zillion Dollar Sadist" as a tribute to Billion Dollar Babies. David Byrne of Talking Heads has said that the album inspired him to write the song, "Psycho Killer". The Swiss industrial black metal group Samael did a cover of the song "I Love the Dead" on their Rebellion EP. Italian metal band Death SS covered the song "I Love the Dead" on their debut album.
Billion Dollar Babies is the second most-represented album in Alice Cooper's live sets, behind only Welcome to My Nightmare (1975). The only song from the album that has never been played live in any form is the short "Mary Ann", although "Generation Landslide" was not played until the tour eight years later following Special Forces (1981) on which album it had been re-recorded.
|1.||"Hello Hooray"||Rolf Kempf||4:15|
|2.||"Raped and Freezin'"||Alice Cooper, Michael Bruce||3:19|
|3.||"Elected"||Cooper, Glen Buxton, Bruce, Dennis Dunaway, Neal Smith||4:05|
|4.||"Billion Dollar Babies"||Cooper, Bruce, Reggie Vinson||3:43|
|5.||"Unfinished Sweet"||Cooper, Bruce, Smith||6:18|
|6.||"No More Mr. Nice Guy"||Cooper, Bruce||3:06|
|7.||"Generation Landslide"||Cooper, Buxton, Bruce, Dunaway, Smith||4:31|
|8.||"Sick Things"||Cooper, Bruce, Bob Ezrin||4:18|
|9.||"Mary Ann"||Cooper, Bruce||2:21|
|10.||"I Love the Dead"||Cooper, Ezrin||5:09|
Deluxe Edition CD bonus tracks
The 2001 CD reissue includes these additional tracks on a second disc:
|1.||"Hello Hooray" (Live)||Kempf||3:04|
|2.||"Billion Dollar Babies" (Live)||Bruce, Cooper, Vinson||3:47|
|3.||"Elected" (Live)||Bruce, Buxton, Cooper, Dunaway, Smith||2:28|
|4.||"I'm Eighteen" (Live)||Bruce, Buxton, Cooper, Dunaway, Smith||4:50|
|5.||"Raped and Freezin'" (Live)||Bruce, Cooper||3:14|
|6.||"No More Mr. Nice Guy" (Live)||Bruce, Cooper||3:07|
|7.||"My Stars" (Live)||Cooper, Ezrin||7:32|
|8.||"Unfinished Sweet" (Live)||Bruce, Cooper, Smith||6:01|
|9.||"Sick Things" (Live)||Bruce, Cooper, Ezrin||3:16|
|10.||"Dead Babies" (Live)||Bruce, Buxton, Cooper, Dunaway, Smith||2:58|
|11.||"I Love the Dead" (Live)||Cooper, Ezrin||4:48|
|12.||"Coal Black Model T" (outtake of "Slick Black Limousine")||Cooper, Dunaway||4:28|
|13.||"Son of Billion Dollar Babies" (outtake of "Generation Landslide")||Bruce, Buxton, Cooper, Dunaway, Smith||3:45|
|14.||"Slick Black Limousine"||Cooper, Dunaway||4:26|
|Australian (Kent Music Report)||4|
|Canada (RPM Album Chart)||2|
|German Album Charts||9|
|UK Albums Chart||1|
|US Billboard 200||1|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Gold||50,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
- Prato, Greg. "Alice Cooper - Billion Dollar Babies (1973) album review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Neill, Andrew; Kent, Matthew (2009). Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere: The Complete Chronicle of THE WHO 1958-1978. Sterling Publishing. p. 219. ISBN 978-1-4027-6691-6.
- Hall, Russell. "Alice Cooper's Billion Dollar Babies: Gibson's Classic Album of the Month". Gibson Guitar Corporation. Archived from the original on 11 June 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Stanton, Scott (2003). The Tombstone Tourist: Musicians. Pocket Books. p. 296. ISBN 0-7434-6330-7.
- Dansby, Andrew. "Alice Cooper ready to bring mayhem to Houston". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Henderson, Alex. "The Billion Dollar Babies (band): Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- Morgan, Jeffrey. "CREEM ONLINE: Marilyn Manson — The Golden Age Of Grotesque". Creem. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Cooper, Alice; Zimmerman, Kent; Zimmerman, Keith (2007). Alice Cooper, Golf Monster: A Rock 'n' Roller's Life and 12 Steps to Becoming a Golf Addict. Crown Publishers. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-307-38291-7.
- Thompson, Jason. "Alice Cooper: Billion Dollar Babies – PopMatters Music Review". PopMatters. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Fishwick, Marshall William; Browne, Ray Broadus (1987). The God Pumpers: Religion in the Electronic Age. Bowling Green State University Popular Press. p. 150. ISBN 0-87972-400-5.
- Bowe, Brian J. "CREEM ONLINE: Donovan – Molten Truths". Creem. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- Waksman, Steve (2009). This Ain't the Summer of Love: Conflict and Crossover in Heavy Metal and Punk. University of California Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-520-25310-0.
- Konow, David (2002). Bang Your Head: The Rise and Fall of Heavy Metal. p. 41. ISBN 0-609-80732-3.
- Pevere, Geoff (August 8, 2014). "An Honest Liar: An expose of trickery". The Globe and Mail.
- Curtis, James M. (1987). Rock Eras: Interpretations of Music and Society, 1954–1984. Bowling Green State University Popular Press. p. 257. ISBN 0-87972-368-8.
- Campbell, Mary (22 June 1975). "Alice Wants To Be Establishment". Sarasota Herald-Tribune.
- Sippel, John (29 September 1973). "Travel Costs Acts $20–30 Mil Yearly". Billboard.
- Crouse, Richard (2000). Big Bang Baby: The Rock Trivia Book. Dundum Press. p. 139. ISBN 0-88882-219-7.
- "Robert Christgau Review - Billion Dollar Babies". Retrieved August 26, 2017.
- Christgau, Robert (August 1973). "The Christgau Consumer Guide". Creem. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 12. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- "Alice Cooper > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "RIAA – Gold & Platinum". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- Bukszpan, Daniel; James Dio, Ronnie (2003). The Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal. Barnes & Noble Publishing Inc. p. 40. ISBN 0-7607-4218-9.
- Best of Rock & Metal die 500 stärksten Scheiben aller Zeiten. Königswinter: Heel. 2005. p. 99. ISBN 3-89880-517-4.
- Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (7 February 2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
- Terich, Jeff; Karman, Chris (June 6, 2012). "10 Essential Glam Rock Albums". Treblezine. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- Corcoran, Michael (December 1989). "Northwest of Hell". Spin. pp. 41–43.
- Begrand, Adrien. "Turbonegro: Ass Cobra / Apocalypse Dudes – PopMatters Music Review". PopMatters. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- Jackson, Blair. "Classic Tracks: Talking Heads' 'Psycho Killer'". Mix. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- Alice Cooper Setlists; Album Statistics
- Alice Cooper Setlists; 'Generation Landslide'
- Prato, Greg. "Alice Cooper - Billion Dollar Babies (1973) album Deluxe Edition album overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "Alice Cooper - Billion Dollar Babies (1973) album credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 92. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "charts.de". Retrieved 1 June 2013.[dead link]
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2001 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association.
- "Canadian album certifications – Alice Cooper – Billion Dollar Babies". Music Canada.
- "American album certifications – Alice Cooper – Billion Dollar Babies". Recording Industry Association of America.