|Birth name||William Henry Bauer|
|Born||November 14, 1915|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||June 16, 2005 (aged 89)|
New York City
|Associated acts||Lennie Tristano, Lee Konitz|
Billy Bauer (November 14, 1915 – June 16, 2005) was an American cool jazz guitarist.
William Henry Bauer was born in New York City. He played ukulele and banjo as a child before switching to guitar. He played with the Jerry Wald band and recorded with Carl Hoff and His Orchestra in 1941 before joining Woody Herman in 1944 as a member of the First Herd. In 1946 he played with Benny Goodman and Jack Teagarden.
In 1946 he began working with Lennie Tristano. Tristano and Bauer enjoyed a natural synergy in their style and approach. Their development of "intuitive music" led to the 1949 session which included "Intuition", and "Digression". He was a member of the NBC Tonight Show band in New York City and played in the Today Show band at the start of early television.
Bauer continued his pioneering guitar work in a partnership with Lee Konitz, whose avant-garde saxophone work was a perfect match for Bauer's guitar. The two musicians' dialogue crossed styles from bop and cool to the avant-garde. Their recordings have been described as "some of the most beautiful duet recordings in jazz". "Duet For Saxophone and Guitar" was an unusual instrument pairing which has been described as redefining the role of jazz guitar.
Bauer made one album under his own name, Plectrist, in 1956. The CD reissue has been described as "demand[ing] the attention of anyone even remotely interested in jazz guitar". Later, he arranged the song "No One" that appeared on the CD Henry Golis Presents Good Music with Friends, which was released on Park Lane Drive Records in 2007.
In later life Bauer taught at the New York Conservatory of Modern Music and his own Billy Bauer Guitar School, first in Albertson, New York, then in Roslyn Heights, New York. He also published instructional books on studying music and playing the guitar.
- Plectrist (Norgran, 1956)
With Al Cohn
With Dizzy Gillespie
With Woody Herman
- Songs for Hip Lovers (Verve, 1957)
With Lee Konitz
- Lee Konitz with Warne Marsh (Atlantic, 1955)
- Inside Hi-Fi (Atlantic, 1956)
- The Real Lee Konitz (Atlantic, 1957)
- Tranquility (Verve, 1957)
- An Image: Lee Konitz with Strings (Verve, 1958)
- The Big Challenge (Jazztone, 1957)
- Ferguson, Jim; Kernfeld, Barry (2002). Kernfeld, Barry, ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. p. 163. ISBN 1-56159-284-6.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Billy Bauer". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Berendt, Joachim (1976). The Jazz Book. Paladin. p. 20.
- Berendt, Joachim (1976). The Jazz Book. Paladin. p. 271.
- Hovan, C. Andrew (2000-12-01). "Billy Bauer, Plectrist". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2008-08-29.