|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1974|
November 20, 1900|
Yonkers, New York, U.S.
|Died||November 30, 1950
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Height||6 ft 0 in (183 cm)|
|Weight||200 lb (91 kg; 14 st 4 lb)|
|Played for||Hamilton Tigers
New York Americans
Chicago Black Hawks
Harry Wilfred Burch (November 20, 1900 – November 30, 1950) was an American-born, Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Hamilton Tigers, New York Americans, Chicago Black Hawks, and Boston Bruins. Born in Yonkers, New York, Burch grew up in Toronto and scored 42 goals in 12 Memorial Cup playoff games to lead the Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers to the 1920 Canadian junior championship.
Burch won the Hart Trophy as the NHL's most valuable player in 1924–25. In that same season, he joined his teammates in precipitating the first player's strike in NHL history and which led to the dissolution of the Hamilton franchise. Transferring to the newly formed New York franchise, Burch served as the team's captain, scored the first goal in Americans' history in 1925 and won the Lady Byng Trophy in 1926–27 as the NHL's most gentlemanly player. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1974.
Burch was born on November 20, 1900, in Yonkers, New York, but moved to Toronto at a young age and grew up in the Ontario capital as a multi-sport athlete playing lacrosse, football and hockey. In football, Burch played quarterback for the Toronto Central YMCA team that won the provincial junior championship in 1920. That same year was teammate of Lionel Conacher and Roy Worters with the Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers hockey team which won the 1920 Memorial Cup as the Dominion champions of Canada. Burch led all players in the Memorial Cup playoffs with 42 goals, 12 assists and 54 points in 12 games. He spent the following two seasons with the Toronto Aura Lee team in the Ontario Hockey Association.
After beginning the 1922–23 season with the New Haven Westminsters in the United States Amateur Hockey Association, Burch was signed to a contract by the Hamilton Tigers on January 30, 1923. He joined a Tigers team that was last in the four-team NHL, but which improved as he did. After scoring six goals in ten games to finish that season, Burch finished in a tie for third in NHL scoring in 1923–24 with 22 points. The Tigers finished 1924–25 as the regular season champions with a 19–10–1 record, and Burch was voted the winner of the Hart Trophy as the league's most valuable player following a 20-goal regular season.
The NHL had expanded by two teams that season and the schedule increased from 24 to 30 games, however Burch and his teammates were not paid any extra compensation by the Tigers. In protest, the players demanded that the team and league pay each individual $200 for the additional regular season and playoff games, or they would refuse to play the NHL championship series. After defying an order by league president Frank Calder to play, the team was disqualified and the Montreal Canadiens, who won the semi-final series, were declared league champions. The Tigers' actions constituted the first player's strike in NHL history. The Tigers franchise was sold and relocated for the 1925–26 season.
The franchise became the New York Americans, and Burch was named the team's captain, a position he would hold until 1932. The team played up his New York birth; he was dubbed both "Yonkers Billy Burch" and "the Babe Ruth of hockey". Burch scored the first goal in Americans' franchise history on December 2, 1925, in a 2–1 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates, and finished the season eighth in league scoring with 25 points. He again finished eighth in scoring, with 27 points, in 1926–27, and was voted the winner of the Lady Byng Trophy, awarded for his "effectiveness and a true sporting spirit".
Following a last-place finish in the Canadian Division, the Americans revamped their roster for the 1928–29 season. Of the team's regulars the past season, only Burch and Lionel Conacher were retained. Burch scored 11 goals and 16 points for New York and played the only two playoff games of his NHL career after the team improved to a second-place finish. He scored only 10 points in 1929–30 before improving to 22 points in each of the following two campaigns. Approaching the end of his career, Burch was sold by New York to the Boston Bruins prior to the 1932–33 season. However, he did not see much playing time in Boston in the first part of the season and on January 17, 1933, was traded to the Chicago Black Hawks in exchange for Vic Ripley. Burch suffered a broken leg at the end of the season with spelled the end of his playing career.
Burch retired to Toronto, where he died in 1950. Montreal Gazette sportswriter Tommy Shields praised Burch as a quality NHL player: "He broke in and played in the days when the going was rough and a player had to be good to stick. If you didn't make it, there was no going back to the amateur ranks. Billy turned pro and never looked back. He was a major leaguer all the way." He was posthumously inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1974.
|1919–20||Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers||OHA Jr.||12||42||12||54||—|
|1920–21||Toronto Aura Lee||OHA Sr.||10||12||2||14||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1921–22||Toronto Aura Lee||OHA Jr.||9||13||10||23||—||2||2||1||3||—|
|1922–23||New Haven Westminsters||USAHA||—||4||0||4||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1925–26||New York Americans||NHL||36||22||3||25||33||—||—||—||—||—|
|1926–27||New York Americans||NHL||43||19||8||27||40||—||—||—||—||—|
|1927–28||New York Americans||NHL||32||10||2||12||34||—||—||—||—||—|
|1928–29||New York Americans||NHL||44||11||5||16||45||2||0||0||0||0|
|1929–30||New York Americans||NHL||35||7||3||10||22||—||—||—||—||—|
|1930–31||New York Americans||NHL||44||14||8||22||35||—||—||—||—||—|
|1931–32||New York Americans||NHL||48||7||15||22||20||—||—||—||—||—|
|1932–33||Chicago Black Hawks||NHL||24||2||0||2||2||—||—||—||—||—|
Awards and honours
Most valuable player
|Lady Byng Trophy
Most gentlemanly player
- Career statistics: "Billy Burch player card". National Hockey League. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- Podnieks, Andrew (2003). Players: The ultimate A–Z guide of everyone who has ever played in the NHL. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. pp. 108–109. ISBN 0-385-25999-9.
- Duplacey, James; Zweig, Eric (2010). Official Guide to the Players of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Firefly Books. p. 77. ISBN 1-55407-662-5.
- "Billy Burch statistics". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- Diamond, Dan; et al., eds. (2013). 2013–14 National Hockey League Guide and Record Book. Diamond Sports Data, Inc. p. 152.
- "Billy Burch player card". National Hockey League. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- "Hart Memorial Trophy Winner – Billy Burch". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- McFarlane, Brian (1990). 100 Years of Hockey. Summerhill Press. pp. 20–21. ISBN 0-929091-26-4. ISBN 0-929091-26-4.
- "Ottawa may take Hamilton's place in the N.H.L. finals". Montreal Gazette. 1925-03-13. p. 16. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- Duplacey, James. Hockey's Book of Firsts. JG Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-57215-037-9.
- "Tex Rickard gets Hamilton N.H.L. team". Ottawa Citizen. 1925-09-23. p. 1. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- "Billy Burch biography". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- "Gardiner is most useful hockey star". Pittsburgh Press. 1927-03-27. p. S1. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- "Conacher-Burch nucleus of team". Montreal Gazette. 1928-09-08. p. 46. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- "Burch for Ripley". Montreal Gazette. 1933-01-18. p. 15. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- Shields, Tommy (1950-12-01). "'Round and about". Ottawa Citizen. p. 26. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- Billy Burch biography at Legends of Hockey
- Billy Burch career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database
|New York Americans captain
|Winner of the Hart Trophy
|Winner of the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy