Billy "Crash" Craddock
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Billy "Crash" Craddock
Craddock in 1971
|Birth name||Billy Wayne Craddock|
|Also known as||Bill Craddock|
Mr. Country Rock
The King Of Country Rock Music
|Born||June 16, 1939|
Greensboro, North Carolina, U.S.
|Labels||Sky Castle (1957)|
Cee Cee (1983, 2006)
|Associated acts||The Bluenotes|
Jerry Lee Lewis
Billy Wayne "Crash" Craddock (born June 16, 1939) is an American country and rockabilly singer. He first gained popularity in Australia in the 1950s with a string of rockabilly hits, including the Australian number one hit's "Boom Boom Baby" and "One Last Kiss" in 1960 and 1961 respectively. Switching to country music, he gained popularity in United States in the 1970s with a string of top ten country hits, several of which were number one hits, including "Rub It In", "Broken Down in Tiny Pieces", and "Ruby Baby". Craddock is known to his fans as "The King Of Country Rock Music" and "Mr. Country Rock" for his uptempo rock-influenced style of country music.
Billy Wayne Craddock was born June 16, 1939 in Greensboro, North Carolina. He learned how to play guitar from his oldest brother when he was six. At age 11, he entered a local television talent contest and was voted top winner for 15 consecutive weeks. Craddock received the nickname "Crash" while playing running back for the Rankin High School football team. After he left high school, he formed a rockabilly band with one of his brothers called The Four Rebels. His early influences included Little Jimmy Dickens, Ray Price, and Hank Williams.
Craddock's first release was "Smacky-Mouth", which was recorded in 1957 for the local Greensboro Sky Castle label. He released his next single, titled "Birddoggin'", on Colonial Records. It was also released in 1957.
He soon got a deal with Columbia's Date Records. He released "Ah, Poor Little Baby" with no success. The song was covered in England by Adam Faith. He began recording for Columbia Records in 1958, recording rockabilly and pop tunes. He was marketed as a teen idol by Columbia, as they needed an artist to compete with Elvis. He appeared twice on American Bandstand but failed to have a hit in the U.S. The only song that charted in the 50s in the U.S. was "Don't Destroy Me", which peaked at No. 94 for one week in November 1959, but he did have three other Billboard charted singles with "Rub It In (Jun 1974), Ruby, Baby (Nov 1974) and Easy As Pie" (Dec 1975). He also became very popular in Australia recording some songs that became synonymous with other artists. He recorded "Am I to Be the One" and "I Want That", which were covered most notably by Jerry Lee Lewis and UK rockers Johnny Kidd and the Pirates.
In 1960, Craddock toured Australia on two occasions. The first was in February with Duane Eddy, The Diamonds, Santo and Johnny and Floyd Robinson and the second was in May with Bobby Rydell, The Everly Brothers, Marv Johnson, and The Crickets. He did not know how popular he was in the country and did not think that anyone would recognize him there. When the plane arrived at the airport, there were thousands of screaming teenagers. Craddock was unaware that he had the number one record in the country ("Boom Boom Baby" was #1 for four weeks between late February and early March of 1960"). He soon became the most popular teen idol in the country and is still popular today, scoring a second No.1 in March of 1961 with his cover/co-charted version of "One Last Kiss" also charting at the same time with the Bobby Vee version, becoming his fourth and final Top 10 entry in Australia after "I Want That" (HP-7, peaked in late February of 1960) and "Well, Don't You Know" (HP-8, peaked in late May 1960)
After his hits in Australia, he recorded one album and several singles during the 1960s. "I'm Tore Up" was released in 1964 on King Records. He released two singles with Mercury Records in the early 1960s. He then went on to record several singles with the Chart label with no success.
Success in the States
Craddock spent several years out of the music business while working in a cigarette factory and hanging drywall. He soon returned to recording, now as a country singer. He signed with Cartwheel Records in 1969. He soon had his first number one hit with a cover of the Tony Orlando and Dawn pop hit "Knock Three Times" in 1971. His version was faster and included Cajun fiddles.
The song also reached the top five of the Billboard magazine Hot Country Singles chart that spring, beginning a streak of hits that continued throughout the 1970s. Other hits he had for Cartwheel, all during 1971-1972, included "Dream Lover", "You Better Move On", "Ain't Nothin' Shakin' (But the Leaves on The Trees)", and "I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door", were all top 10 hits in 1971 and 1972.
Craddock consistently hit the country top ten in the 1970s and he became one of country music's first male sex symbols, unusually handsome for a male country star of the era and dressed in stage clothes exposing his hairy, muscular chest as he growled his way through rocking numbers and love songs with a stage persona strongly influenced by Elvis Presley.
In 1973, Craddock signed with ABC Records (later ABC/Dot Records), where he enjoyed his biggest hits. One was "Sweet Magnolia Blossom" but his biggest hit, 1974's "Rub It In", was also a top 20 pop hit. The song was the first of three number one country hits for Craddock in Billboard. Several bars from the song are featured in commercials for Glade Plug-In products in recent years. Craddock's followup, a remake of The Drifters old pop hit, "Ruby Baby" was another major country hit and became his second top 40 pop hit, helping make Craddock briefly the American pop/rock star he had tried to be almost fifteen years before. In 1975 he released Still Thinkin' 'Bout You which went top ten as both a single and album on the country charts but failed to get any major pop action. His last pop success was 1976's "Easy as Pie" which peaked at #54 on the pop Hot 100 and hit #1 on the country chart.
He moved to Capitol Records, in 1977 where he had his last two top 10 hits: "I Cheated on a Good Woman's Love" (1978) and "If I Could Write a Song as Beautiful as You" (1979). His singles began to be less successful in the early 1980s though he occasionally still cracked the top 30. Craddock recorded several albums for Capitol before leaving the label in 1983. He briefly owned his own small record label, Cee Cee Records, and released one single in 1983 that made the lower end on the national country charts.
In 1986, he recorded an album for MCA/Dot Records, titled Crash Craddock. He moved to Atlantic Records in 1989, and released Back on Track. The album yielded one minor hit, "Just Another Miserable Day Here in Paradise", which reached No. 74 on the charts.
New Releases On CD
The British record label Humphead Records released a 2-CD anthology with 50 songs, which compiled Craddock's key hits and album cuts from 1971-1989.
- I'm Tore Up (1964)
- Knock Three Times (1971)
- You Better Move On (1972)
- Two Sides of "Crash" (1973)
- Mr. Country Rock (1973)
- Rub It In (1974)
- Still Thinkin' 'bout You (1975)
- Easy as Pie (1976)
- Crash (1976)
- Singing Is Believing (1978)
- Billy "Crash" Craddock (1978)
- Turning Up and Turning On(1978)
- Laughing and Crying, Living and Dying (1979)
- Changes (1980)
- The New Will Never Wear Off of You (1982)
- Crash Craddock (1986)
- Back on Track (1989)
- Christmas Favorites (2006)
- 1972: Music City News Country: Most Promising Male Artist of the Year
- "Billy Crash Craddock". Gatalent.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- TV Radio Mirror magazine, Feb. 1960.
- Boom Boom Baby promotional booklet, 1959.
- Crash's Smashes Liner Notes.
- "(RCS Artist Discography)". Rcs-discography.com. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
- "Australian Tours (1950-1979)" (PDF). Australainrecordlabels.com.
- "Boom Boom Baby" liner notes
- Puterbaugh, Parke (2011-06-09). "Billy 'Crash' Craddock". News & Record. Archived from the original on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
- "2011 Inductees". North Carolina Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
- "Billy "Crash" Craddock : Awards". CMT. 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- Tucker, Stephen R. (1998). "Billy "Crash" Craddock". In The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Paul Kingsbury, Editor. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 117.