Білогірськ — Белогорск — Qarasuvbazar
|Location in Russia||Republic of Crimea|
|Location in Ukraine||Autonomous Republic of Crimea|
|• Total||5.42 km2 (2.09 sq mi)|
|Elevation||180 m (590 ft)|
|• Density||3,398.52/km2 (8,802.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+3)|
|Postal code||97600 — 97609|
Bilohirsk or Belogorsk (Ukrainian: Білогірськ; Russian: Белого́рск; Crimean Tatar: Qarasuvbazar; Armenian: Բելոգորսկ, Կարասու-Բազար (Byelogorsk, Karasow-Bazar); formerly Karasubazar) is a town and the administrative center in Bilohirsk Raion, one of the raions (districts) of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and incorporated by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. Population: 18,220 (2013 est.).
The city is located 25 miles east-northeast of Simferopol on the Biyuk Karasu river. The city's both Russian and Ukrainian names literally are translated as "white mountains," and the Crimean Tatar name Qarasuvbazar means "bazaar on the Karasu river."
The site is low, but the town is surrounded by hills, which afford protection from the north wind. The town has a characteristic Crimean Tatar atmosphere. Placed on the high road between Simferopol and Kerch, and in the midst of a country rich in cereal land, vineyards and gardens, Karasubazar used to be a chief seat of commercial activity in Crimea; including a large black water market, but it is gradually declining in importance, though still a considerable center for the export of fruit.
The caves of Akkaya close by give evidence of early occupation of the area. When in 1736 Khan Fetih Giray was driven by the Russian Empire from Bakhchisaray, he settled at Karasubazar, but next year the town was captured, plundered and burned by the Russian army.
Retreating NKVD shot a number of local people in the streets in 1941. Bilohirsk was occupied by the German army from 1941 - 1944 during World War II. During the occupation, the Germans executed the town's Jews in an anti-tank trench.
- This place is located on the Crimean Peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. According to the political division of Russia, located on the peninsula are the federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol). According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, located on the peninsula are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol).
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Josiah Conder Bilohirsk, p. 266, at Google Books
- http://www.iccrimea.org/historical/crimeanturks.html[unreliable source?]
- "Yahad-In Unum Interactive Map". Execution Sites of Jewish Victims Investigated by Yahad-In Unum. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Media related to Bilohirsk at Wikimedia Commons
- "Official website of the Bilohirsk City Council". belogorsk.crimea.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 16 May 2013.