Bilpin, New South Wales
New South Wales
View of Bilpin
|Population||932 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||623 m (2,044 ft)|
|Location||90 km (56 mi) from Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Hawkesbury|
Bilpin is a small town on the historic Bells Line of Road in the City of Hawkesbury local government area in the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney, New South Wales. In 2011, the town had a population of 932 people.
Bilpin is known as "Land of the Mountain Apple". Fruit orchards and beautiful gardens thrive in the fertile soil and the road is lined with roadside stalls selling home-made produce, especially during summer. Bilpin apples and Bilpin apple juice are well-known around Australia.
According to RP Data, Bilpin is the 'most loyal' suburb in the Sydney area, with locals staying for an average of 21 years in the same house.
Opinions differ as whether Bilpin is in Dharug or Darkingung land, although Gregory Blaxland differentiated between the 'plains natives' (Dharug) and the 'Branch natives of the mountains'(Darkingung).. Bilpin is an Aboriginal word which may mean "mountain". Pulpin was an Aboriginal guide in 1816 and his name may also be a source of Bilpin's name. In 1823 a young man of just 19, Archibald Bell, was shown the route from Richmond to Mount Tomah through what is now Bilpin by Darug men Emery and Cogy. On a second trip in 1823 he found a way across to what is now Lithgow. There is no evidence in Archibald Bell's journal to suggest that he was shown the way across by an Aboriginal woman who had been kidnapped. In March 1834 the surveyor, Felton Mathew, accompanied by his wife, camped "at Bilpen a farm of Mr Howell's" 
Children's author, Hesba Brinsmead, was brought up in Bilpin and wrote several books set in the region, including Longtime Passing (1971), for which she won the Children's Book Council of Australia award. Meredyth Hungerford (a relative of Hesba Brinsmead) was another local author, writing "Bilpin: the Apple Country" and "Exploring the Blue Mountains".
Bilpin Community Hall is the centre of Bilpin life. It hosts a Farmer's Market on every Saturday morning between ten and twelve, as well as the annual Spring Flower show; the Mount Wilson to Bilpin Bush Run in August (which aids the Bilpin Bush Fire Brigade); and an annual quilt exhibition. The Bilpin preschool operates within the hall, as do community groups such as the Gardening Club, the Farmers' Association and the Quilting Club.
Bilpin has a small school which was opened in 1927. In 2015 it had 67 students. It has vegetable gardens and a chicken coop, and has a partnership with the local Environmental Education Centre.
Bilpin Coaches picks up local children and drops them off at Bilpin school each morning and afternoon and runs additional services for other local schools. Hawkesbury Community Transport offers a bus service to Richmond weekly for seniors and others with mobility needs.
Bilpin is now known as a tourist destination, with roadside stalls and orchards where visitors can pick their own fruit. These include Pine Crest Orchard, and The Bilpin Fruit Bowl, which has the world's largest fruit bowl, a roadside attraction.
The residents of Bilpin were somewhat older than is typical of the whole country; their median age was 46 years, compared to the national median of 37. Children aged under 15 years made up 16.6% of the population (national average was 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 21.4% of the population (national average was 14.0%). Almost three-quarters (70.2%) of residents were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were England 4.4%, New Zealand 1.4%, Germany 1.0%, Italy 0.9% and Netherlands 0.6%. Most (80.6%) people only spoke English at home; other languages spoken at home included Italian 0.6%, German 0.5%, Maltese 0.5%, Slovak 0.5% and Dutch 0.4%. The question about religion was optional in the Census; of the people who answered it, the most common response was "No Religion" (24.6%); the next most common responses were Anglican 19.3%, Catholic 18.0%, Christian (nfd) 3.2% and Uniting Church 2.8%. The median weekly household income was $1,279, compared to the national median of $1,234. The average household size was 2.6 people.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bilpin (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- Brown, Ian. "Along the way - Bilpin". The Botanist's Way. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
- McIntyre, Tim (18 January 2014). "A peaceful lifestyle and friendly community spirit helps Bilpin become Sydney's most loyal suburb". Daily Telegraph.
- "Dharug or Darkingung" (PDF).
- "Bilpin". Hawkesbury People and Places.
- Call No: DLDOC 132, Digital Order No: a3057004, http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/album/ItemViewer.aspx?itemid+877023&suppress=N&imgindex=1.
- Pages 91-96, R. Else Mitchell, The Discovery of Bell’s Line, 1823: A Note and a Document, Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, Vol. 66, Pt 5, 1981.
- Page 90-91, Mrs Felton Matthew’s Journal, Olive Harvard, Mrs Felton Matthew’s Journal, Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, Volume 29, 1943.
- "The Millstone - Vol 10 Issue 2" (pdf). Kurrajong ~ Comleroy Historical Society.
- "Bilpin District Hall". Hawkesbury City Council.
- "Bilpin Public School Annual Report" (PDF). NSW Department of Education.
- "Bilpin Coaches".
- "Seniors Transport Project". Hawkesbury Community Outreach Services. Archived from the original on 1 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- "Pine Crest Orchard".
- "Bilpin Fruit Bowl".
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Bilpin (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 January 2015.