Bilten

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Bilten
Former municipality of Switzerland
Bilten preghejo 007.jpg
Coat of arms of Bilten
Coat of arms
Bilten is located in Switzerland
Bilten
Bilten
Location of Bilten
Karte Gemeinde Bilten 2007.png
Bilten is located in Canton of Glarus
Bilten
Bilten
Bilten (Canton of Glarus)
Coordinates: 47°09′N 9°01′E / 47.150°N 9.017°E / 47.150; 9.017Coordinates: 47°09′N 9°01′E / 47.150°N 9.017°E / 47.150; 9.017
Country Switzerland
Canton Glarus
District n.a.
Area
 • Total 15.86 km2 (6.12 sq mi)
Elevation 420 m (1,380 ft)
Population (December 2017)
 • Total 2,001
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Postal code 8865
SFOS number 1602
Surrounded by Benken (SG), Niederurnen, Reichenburg (SZ), Schänis (SG), Schübelbach (SZ)
Website www.bilten.ch
SFSO statistics

Bilten is a former municipality in the canton of Glarus in Switzerland. Effective from 1 January 2011, Bilten is part of the municipality of Glarus Nord.

Church of Bilten
"Miltsches Ritterhaus", landmark of Bilten

History[edit]

Bilten is first mentioned in 1050 as Billitun.[1]

Geography[edit]

Bilten has an area, as of 2006, of 15.9 km2 (6.1 sq mi). Of this area, 37.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 50.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[2]

Bilten was the most northerly municipality in the canton and is located on the southern end of the Linth river. It consists of the linear village of Bilten, with the village sections of Ober-, Unterbilten and Rufi, and the hamlet of Ussbühl which is located on the border with the Canton of Schwyz.

Demographics[edit]

Bilten had a population (as of 2010) of 2,001. As of 2007, 28.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[3] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (79.4%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 5.5%) and Italian being third ( 3.9%).[2]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 47.2% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to the SPS with 43.7% of the vote.[2]

In Bilten about 54.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[2]

Bilten has an unemployment rate of 1.66%. As of 2005, there were 66 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 26 businesses involved in this sector. 509 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 30 businesses in this sector. 241 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 49 businesses in this sector.[2]

The historical population is given in the following table:[1]

year population
1850 681
1900 555
1950 706
2000 1,882

Transportation[edit]

The municipality is located on the A3 motorway.

Bilten railway station is a stop of the Zurich S-Bahn service S2. It is the penultimate stop on the S2 line southbound before Ziegelbrücke where the train terminates. In the other direction, the S2 heads towards Zürich Hauptbahnhof, Zürich Flughafen and finally Effretikon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bilten in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 10-Sep-2009
  3. ^ Canton Glarus population growth Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 9 September 2009

External links[edit]